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Several theorists have contributed to the comprehensive view of social change, not confining the understanding of social change as associated with globalization alone. Of these theorists come three of the pillars of sociology, whose thoughts have been applied even today. These theorists include Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim. Their concepts might have some strands of divergence, yet these concepts were converged to forming a single praxis for academic integration.
According to Daniel Bell (1999 cited in Kalantzis & Kope, 2008), a sociologist from Harvard University, “post-industrial society” is a term coined to refer to “new principles of innovations, new modes of social organization, and [the emergence of the] new classes in society… [highly featuring] the codification of theoretical knowledge and the new relation of science to technology.” In addition, the post-industrial society is also characterized by a rapid-growing service sector with focus on information dissemination and modern technological drives that utilize extensively human knowledge and not human muscles (Bell, 1973, p.127). During Marx’s time, the dominating classes involved in the production system are the proletariats and the bourgeoisie, with the latter own the means of production. In the post-industrial society, a large and a growing number of workers are working not in factories of goods production but in service industries, all of which are using their intellects and technical capabilities instead of physical strength. This class of workers, mostly are professionals, are what Bell calls the new class.
The concept of “post-industrial society” supports Karl Marx theory of social change. Karl Marx believed in historical materialism that suggests that there are specific stages for the development of the society, such that the primitive society gradually evolves into a capitalist society, which is today’s kind of society.
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It is a movement that aims to veer away from religious persecution and move towards rational thought and the propagation of human rights to progress towards a perfect society (Brians 2000; Bury 1920, p. 6). The idea of progress, then, denotes that “civilisation has moved, is moving, and will move in a desirable direction” (p.
The basic motives of Marxian theories availed much popularity in the beginning. Many got attracted to the new concept of materialism and economical distribution in the society. But soon it lost its feathers of recognition. In the age of globalization, the world changed its systems in social interaction, economic developments, life style, administrative system and international relations.
Daniel Bell is the American sociologist who coined the term, “post industrial” society. Nations all around the world have moved from the industrialism into an era where the manufacturing sector has lost its importance. This can come under illustration in a few statistics where the workforce has moved from the manufacturing sector into services, which might include insurance, banking, medicine, hotels, and restaurants.
The group’s representative enacts these. The term collective action possesses theories and formulations in most areas of social sciences, which include; political science, economics, psychology, and sociology (Sandler, 2010). Collective action, in explaining social movements for change, has involved the examination of factors that lead social integration and those that lead to conflict and deviance.
Government of various countries have banned drug abuse and passed certain legislations which strictly prohibit drug use. But drug addict find out some way or the other to the banned substance resulting in violence and crime. Husak (2002:67) mentions the reasons why drug is criminalized and mentions strong argument from the parent's point of view those seeking to punish the drug users in order to protect their children but in contrast their children will also be sent to jail under the policy if they use drugs.
Evolutionary theory had been superseded by the social theory because sociology can explain why the rich are more fit to lead society and the poor are classified as unfit to lead society and other societal concerns which runs contrary to evolution theory.
This paper provides a biographical overview of Bentham and analysis of the cultural context of his works. Moreover, this paper discusses the key themes he developed as well as his major contributions that brought about legal and political reforms that enriched modern social thought.
His magnificent theories and wonderful works have left indelible imprints on the future generations, and urged the suppressed classes strive against the exploitations of the dominant, powerful and influential groups and communities in order to evade mistreatment of the “haves-not” at the hands of the “haves”.
yond merely dedication to a job and a paycheck, but rather it is the social worker’s responsibility to aid individual’s in society who may need help and direction finding their way in society. While I believe it is the responsibility of all members of society to assume