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While no underlining meta-narrative or explanation has been presented to account for the state of poverty in these regions, through the juxtaposition and comparison of these perspectives on urban poverty, shanty towns, and social violence, a pragmatic understanding of the issues affecting all societies and cultures is developed, ultimately promoting an empathetic understanding of the state of these marginalized poor.
The film Bus 174 opens with an overhead shot of the Rio de Janeiro city landscape while voices from inhabitants leaving on the city streets are heard. The effect is very moving as the viewer begins to comprehend the expansive nature of the city and get a feel for the economic depravity facing many residents. The narrative voices explain how they are forced to beg for food, and attest to the difficulties of seeking shelter. They explicitly state that these issues are primary factors in their growing up enraged at the social order. The film consistently returns to the overhead shots of the city leading the viewer to consider the nature of the city landscape and the on-goings that are central to the film.
The film is structured around a hostage situation perpetrated by a man named Sandro. The film reveals that it was the rampant crime in the city that led to Sandro’s mother being murdered when he was 6 years old, and ultimately leading to Sandro becoming a part of a street gang. The viewer becomes introduced to the depravity of Rio de Janeiro street life where large amounts of homeless children fend for their daily existence. In a sense, these inhabitants are presented almost like a scavenger or animal-like race that have been cast off from mainstream society. At one point during the film, a man states that if the police officers were aware that Sandro was a street kid they would have been more aware that he was
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Argentina’s tryst with terror linked ruling policies came to an end after its defeat in the Falklands war with Britain. Searching for life written by Rita Arditti presents the horrifying tale of struggle between the military juntas and its resistors who were branded as enemies of the state by the then rulers.
Transculturation is the merging and coming together of different cultures either through war, cross-culture and interracial marriage. It’s an exchange between cultures both of which actively participate and contribute their share and through corporation they bring about a new reality of civilization.
This book was written in 2011 and published in the same year. The author of the book is Henry Louis Gates. Luis is a professor in English with wide publications in Essays, history, and literature. Born in 1950 September 16th, the 62 years old scholar has taught in several universities and has also received a plethora of awards in his lifetime.
The Industrial revolution enhanced technological changes and Agro-export boom that solidified the position of Latin America in the world economy in production of raw materials. The globalization impulses transformed Latin America where most countries exacerbated class and ethnic conflicts between elites, mainly of European descent, Africans and other mixed ethnicities.
By the time, it was the 15th century the Spanish colony in Peru had done enough destruction of the culture of the Andean people with the aim of Europeanizing the local population. The society in this era was made in the patriarchal system of the family and the families here are suffering the oppression of the male chauvinists.
The second part of the XX century became the epoch of essential renovation of historical science in the USA. The development of American historiography was ambiguous, and the attempts of representative use of historical knowledge in policy were not unsuccessful.
Fidel Castro remains fond of laying his nation’s woes at the doorstep of Cuba’s northern neighbor, the extent to which the United States has either helped or hindered Latin American prosperity has become a contested issue. The economy of these countries plummeted. Through
Only during the middle sixteenth century did Spain gained enormous profits from mining the natural resources of their American colonies.3 Silver and mercury, in particular, which was mined in Peru and Mexico, provided