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Medical informatics started in the US when the computers and microchips were introduced in the 1950s. In 1949, the first professional informatics organization was founded by Gustav Wager in Germany. Programs that trained individuals on informatics systems began in France in the 1960s which became common in the United States and Europe by the 1970s. Initially, health informatics systems were used for purposes like billing and patient admissions/discharges. (Neujahr). The technological advances made in the field of computers contributed to the rapid spread of health informatics systems.
The relationship between doctors and people has also drastically changed with the introduction of medical informatics, since people are not ignorant of the health issues they are likely to face. Information regarding symptoms, causes and diagnosis is made available to all individuals, enabling them to identify their problem. People are usually aware of the health issue before they approach a doctor for diagnosis. Health informatics on the internet has made professionals more equitable since they have the advantage of learning of medical and clinical procedures immediately, without having to search for books on the particular technique or to consult other professionals. The physician is expected to have wide knowledge of all disciplines of medicine as all information is made available to the client or the patient. Internet forms the site of a new struggle over expertise in health that will transform the relationship between the health professions and their clients. (Hardey, 2009).
A number of health informatics organizations have been developed by the government to provide reliable information on all kinds of health issues. For instance, the United States Federal Government has developed a health informatics site, healthfinder.gov. It provides guidelines to healthy living and personalized health advice by professionals to enable the
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The ability to maintain a competent information system is one of the most critical responsibilities of the members of the medical team to uphold a high quality and efficient health care; failure to do so may result to injury, and even loss of lives as errors in medication, misdiagnosis, and inability to provide the appropriate treatment can be triggered by ineffective storage of data.
The TRICARE technology systems aim not only to manage the health program, but also to provide convenience to its members, of which some of their information technology (IT) programs are: electronic health records, online enrollment, online drug comparison, and automated patient safety (TRICARE, n.d.).
Health Information Systems The health care delivery system is facing the rapidly changing technology. Globalization and emergence of high-technology, large-scale computing systems, the health informatics together with the health information system, must be updated and changed quickly.
The trends today are pointing towards the use of wireless technology to provide anytime-and-anywhere access to vital medical information pertaining to patient records, medications, electronic health records, etc. It is the purpose of this paper to give a short overview of these emerging technologies which could be of great help in improving the delivery of health care services in a multiple of settings.
Telemedicine / eHealth, mHealth systems, Hospital Information Systems, Picture Archival and Communication Systems can be seen as applications of information systems in healthcare, they not only provide efficient access and sharing of crucial information but they also empower almost all the stakeholders associated with this domain of high social relevance, these stakeholders include health care delivery system, clinicians, patients and regulators.
Trends in Health Information Systems and Applications
The use of Health Information Technology to improve service delivery in the health sector has been on the increase in the past few years. The progress that this technology has made over the years on the administrative, financial and clinical operations in health care facilities cannot go unnoticed.
The hospital group has been working with a mission to, 'To Care; To Educate and To Discover'. My friend has told me that the staff is told in no uncertain terms that in order to express its commitment to excellence, the hospital must come out with 'Excellent Quality, Excellent Service and Excellent Financial Strength to Support Our Mission'.
ves that the issues in the way of the smooth functioning of hospital administration are due to lack of proper exploitation of the existing information systems. Improvisation in the sphere of IT and networking at the IEEE 802.11g and IEEE 802.11n standards can help the
ncerned, it can be said that the system has been taken through a very rapid transition where it has evolved from a static table top system to what it now is, a hand held system that can be carried about everywhere within the facility. When the system was first introduced, it was
This provides important information on any activities which might be in breach of the legal code and which might attract legal measures being undertaken (Mettler & Raptis, 2012). This is important as will ensure that the information systems
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