Since the times of William Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson who led the Society for Effecting the Abolition of Slave Trade to a victory, namely the abolition of slave trade in 1807, British parliament witnessed the actions and activities of many, official and unofficial, pressure…
Download file to see previous pages...
However, recent studies in this field show that parliamentary lobbying and pressure group activities are on the rise in the past two-three decades, both in the House of Commons and in the House of Lords. Moreover, both chambers of Parliament are viewed by pressure groups not only in the light of institutions of last resort but also as “access points” which play an important role in the entire process of influencing political and governmental decisions. Thus, during and after the rule of the Conservative governments of Margaret Thatcher, Parliament became more important for pressure groups not only as an institution of last resort but also as a place to express their views and to influence the overall decision making process.
Traditionally, British MPs were depicted as the ’major channel of communication between the government and the governed’ (Wright 2000). On the other hand, the presence of a parliamentary government in the British political tradition means a form of government ’in which the executive is drawn from and is constitutionally responsible to the legislature’ (Rush 2005). In this respect, Rush explains, this is a government through parliament but not government by parliament (2005). Therefore, many theorists observed that in the UK the largest proportion of pressure group activities is focused towards senior government officials and ministers, in particular, the power-holders in the British system of government. On the other hand, Parliament possesses powerful tools to influence both cabinet ministers and legislation they are trying to pass through Westminster. In the case of legislation proposed by backbenchers themselves, the Parliament has the final word on bills; hence, it is really the institution of last resort to which pressure groups are turning.
Moreover, UK Parliament has a monopoly to recruit cabinet ministers as opposed to the US where those seeking political posts could pursue their objectives also
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Parliament and policy making Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1565709-parliament-and-policy-making
(Parliament and Policy Making Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
“Parliament and Policy Making Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1565709-parliament-and-policy-making.
No less than the British constitution mandates that all government ministers, including the most powerful of these - the Prime Minister - are accountable to the legislature. And so it is often assumed, especially by the non-British, that the Westminster or the British Parliament plays the most important part in policymaking within the UK.
The introduction of a Bill may be initiated either by HM Government (governmental Bill) or by individual MPs (private Bills), with the latter being somewhat disadvantaged in their deliberation by the insufficient allocation of time for Parliamentary debate (Keenan and Smith 53).
Policy Making Mathew Miller’s text ‘The Two Percent Solution’ explores issues of American policy making (Miller). Although written during the administration the President George W. Bush, to an extent it is clear that Miller’s insights hold a great degree of relevancy for the contemporary political climate.
The country has no particular constitution though it has various documents and articles that form the constitution. The documents include Acts of Parliament like the Electoral Act 1993 and Zealand Bill of Rights Act. The acts contain provision on how citizens vote, term and powers of parliament, individual rights and formation of government (Salter, 2013).
The Palace of Holyroodhouse has been a Royal residence for centuries and is the Queen's official residence in Scotland. On the fourth side of this prestigious Palace is where Scotland's new Parliament Building's were constructed-thus, the Holyrood Project.
European Integration is one of the most important spring motives of modern stage of historical development. In political circles of majority of states now one may observe the understanding of fallibility of ideology of national seclusion and self-sustainability within the state borders, artificial separation of any state from international intercourse.
The party that follows after the one with a majority takes the position of the official opposition while those members who do not belong to any political party are known as independent members (Maqee, 2008).
Provision of healthcare services remains critical for citizens’ wellbeing. In light of this, healthcare in the US and Canada varies differently. Firstly, healthcare systems in the United States are privately