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"QUESTION: The place of the public police is becoming less important in view of the variety of ways in which public and community security is exercised in contemporary society. Discuss"
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Extract of sample QUESTION: The place of the public police is becoming less important in view of the variety of ways in which public and community security is exercised in contemporary society. Discuss
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The term derives from the French word Polis which means polite and the Latin term Politia which refers to Public Administration (Walker, 1977).
In contemporary society, Police still play an important role in primarily maintaining law and order but they have also been assigned other duties including controlling the flow of persons at disaster sites and carrying out first aid. Another change has come about because of the fact the citizens have over the years taken the responsibility of ensuring their own security through private security firms and vigilante groups formed to protect neighborhoods (Neocleous, 2004).
The aim of this paper is to discuss the place of the role of Policing within the context of this rapidly changing modern society. The paper concludes by stating that the role of the police is still important today though like all other organizations, the Police need to change constantly to cope with modern emergent forms of crime.
Roles of the Police today vary from country to country or state to state in federal nations. However, there are certain basic roles that have remained constant over the years. One of these roles is preventive policing. This involves the deterrence of people from possibly committing crimes and responding to emergencies to rescue those in distress. It also involves avoiding escalation of situations where crime has been committed through timely interventions to arrests criminals or stopping a crime in progress (Neocleous, 2004).
Preventive policing is typically carried out by uniformed Police personnel in uniform who carry out foot patrols popularly known as beats; vehicular patrol on streets and highways; boat patrols on water bodies and beaches; and even aerial patrols in helicopters and planes. In any Police Force uniformed officers are usually form the majority of the personnel (Siegel, 2005).
However, preventive policing alone cannot succeed in controlling crime
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The public police lack appropriate resources to deal with such crimes, since they have to stick to their budget, and as a result, private security has emerged and is increasing. Private security guards are commonly hired by entrepreneurs to guard the business from theft; in such a scenario, the police are not required, in countries where local mafia is present firms prefer hiring private security, (De Melo & Ofer 1994 p40).
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