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Self – interests, include the acquisition of pleasure and happiness. A society is a group of individuals who strive hard to obtain the maximum benefit from the resources at their disposal (Utiliatarianism, 2000).
The relationships they form with other individuals are aimed at achieving the objective of happiness. The concept of utilitarianism states that deriving pleasure and happiness from life is the best way to lead one’s life (Utiliatarianism, 2000). Utilitarians, in addition to promoting this way of life, declare that if individuals strive to use their rational self – interests, then it will benefit society at large.
Jeremy Bentham was a renowned British thinker and reformer. He propounded a moral theory, which promoted the thought that the outcome of human action determined the value of such action. Consequently, humans undertake acts that provide them with happiness, whilst avoiding pain or suffering. The hedonistic value of any act could be determined by considering various factors, such as the intensity of the pleasure experienced, the time for which such pleasure lasts, and the possibility it holds out for avoiding collateral harm (Kemerling, 2002). According to Bentham, the happiness of any community is the sum of its individual human interests.
The utilitarian principle provides a definition of the moral obligation of individuals. The happiness of a community is based on the actions of its members, which can be harmed by the actions of individuals in the community. Bentham conjectured that social policies could also be evaluated in a similar manner (Kemerling, 2002). It was his considered opinion that these could be assessed by their effect on the well being of the community and the individuals living in it.
The objective behind inflicting punishment on criminals was to reduce crime. Punishment effectively reduces crime as it discourages individuals from committing criminal acts. As such, punishment drastically alters the
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The author states that it is important to establish the indispensable aspects of law so that it is possible to differentiate the legal and non-legal and also the legal validity and the legal invalidity. The law is widely known as a social institution that influences the realistic reasoning of agents.
In this regard, law is designed to resolve disputes and is not geared toward deciding morality.1 Thus, positive law theory, unlike natural law theory relies on the authority of the state for the application and interpretation of law, rather than the authority of morality.
So is there a Quaker law? Yes. To support this answer I will have to put to light what Quakerism is, who Quakers are, and what is law, if the rationale behind law supports Quakerism ways of living as law. In addition, I will highlight what is documented by scholars about Quakerism.
According to the report the Islamic law originates from the holy book of Islam, Quran, the sayings, practices, and teachings of the Prophet Mohammed, Sunna, and the interpretations of Prophet Mohammed teachings by Muslim legal academicians. The Islamic law relies solely on faith where Allah mandates all Muslims to obey the Sharia.
Equity as a Framework of Law.
Common law can be defined as the body of precedents in law that are compiled through a number of court decisions made in the past, as well as similar tribunals, as opposed to legislative statutes and actions of the executive.
Every time with critical legal methodology, which lays emphasis on diverse, change and dissension in the 'normative' lives of humans and which is principally regulated to routes of inter-normativity, finally what is 'unorthodox dogma' in one normative order perhaps apostasy in another one; and what is apostasy in one perhaps rendering in a third one.
In ethics, it consists in practical universal judgments which man himself elicits. (source: Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition ). It is based on the principle that ' lex jnjusta non est lex' - 'law which is not moral is not law at all '.
The term ' Jurisprudence' is derived from the Latin term ' juris prudentia', which means "the study, knowledge, or science of law".