Terrorism has no boundaries; it is equally lethal in Asia, Europe and in the American sub continent. It is invariably not associated to a single religion, politics or culture. Altogether it is asocial menace particularly to peace…
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Even though the Irish republican army was suppressed by the UK government, its repercussions are now started to develop. Moreover the government is also faced with a challenging task to tackle the rising Islamic terrorists. The armed forces of UK have gained valuable experience and expertise in counterterrorism activities through three decades of fighting the Irish republican army. This involvement was quite surprising because the understandable preoccupation with terrorists in Northern Ireland diverted the attention of British intelligence agencies from international terrorism. Before the bombing of the Pan Am flight over Lockerby, the British agencies were only engaged in dealing with the Irish nationalist. But after the indictment of two Libyan nationals, the agencies reach and scope has drastically widened.
During the mid 1990’s, the UK intelligence agencies and the police were quite sure that their land was used as a base by individuals and groups for promoting, funding, and planning terrorism. However these individuals were not found by the agencies as a threat to UK. Therefore they were left to continue their activities. This policy caused wide spread anger among many foreign governments including allies of the UK government. By giving low priority to international terrorism, the British authorities did not fully understand the threat from Al Qaeda. The failure of the British intelligence agencies including that of other western agencies led to the 9/11 attacks on US soil. The Al Qaeda with its deadly networks has caused headaches for the UK authorities in recent years. The threat from AL Qaeda has increased because of the participation of UK in Afghanistan and Iraq. The UK intelligence agencies have also played a major role in destabilizing the networks of the terror organization as well as blocking its funding.
The counter terrorism policy
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Yes, it is true. Do you think that I am not an educated individual? I am a post graduate in mechanical engineering, specially trained to handle explosives. I provide ample importance to training because I am aware of the fact that regular training leads to success.
The author states that the problem is in the way the counter-terrorism strategy is designed. It relies on three rules. First, Americans never make any deals with terrorists. Second, all terrorists are treated as criminals. Third, the US apply considerable political, economic, and military pressure on the states that are known to be supporting terrorism.
Most of the missions that the military has engaged in are aimed at fighting against terrorist groups in other nations who compromise the security of Americans and the world in general. The limit of the force used by the US Military on the various operations varies with the intensity of the mission.
Terrorism poses serious threats to the national security and, therefore, many countries have opted to adopt various legislative measures and policies that will be able to protect all the citizens. For instance, EU adopted counter terrorism strategy and action plan, which has enhanced cooperation between the police, judicial and other government organs.
The study also targets development of an understanding of how, and whether, target hardening helps reduce such fear of terrorist crime and what other methods and strategies are available to management to alleviate this fear among its employees.
Therefore, the review is organised to identify the constructs of terrorism, identify a psychological definition of 'fear of crime', followed by insights into situational crime prevention theory and the psychological impact of a terrorist attack.
If the citizen was a member of a foreign terrorist group, in a foreign country, or working for a foreign government, they could be considered an unlawful enemy combatant. An example is Jose Padilla, a US citizen charged in Chicago with aiding terrorists in the construction of a 'dirty bomb'.
Are you going to send agents to attend Mosques? Are you going to develop informants among those already living in that population? Are you bounded by any ethical considerations other than the need to prevent needless deaths through terrorism?
Based on the
The author states that California is also the economic hub of America and also houses the biggest number of important buildings, international corporations and film industry. After 9/11, US Patriotic Act was amended and renamed ‘USA Patriot and Terrorism Prevention Reauthorization Act’. There were introduced surveillance and detention of people.
A special, top secret court, termed as the FISA was crafted to hear appeals for such justifications. Safeguards were placed in a position to make certain that investigators following criminal issues did not
In reference with today’s terrorism, there is a great difference as many of these nations battle to attain political power. However, there is a great difference in the tactics used by militants during those early days. This is following the growth and advancement in
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