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He introduced Equity which formed the basis of a new source for English Law. The purpose of equity was to look for natural justice where traditional legal sense failed to deliver justice. Following Royal courts were formed for this purpose:
For centuries the highest legal authority in the United Kingdom was the Parliament or more precisely the House of Lords. This situation has changed in the recent times though. Under the Constitutional Reforms Act 2005, the Supreme Court of United Kingdom is created which is now the highest legal authority in the country. It is also the highest level of appeal in the United Kingdom. .1 (F. A. Inderwick)
United Kingdom joined European community – now knows as European Union- in 1973 and since then European Law has a profound impact on English Law. First, the Communities Act 1972 made it binding for the English courts to follow its decision on matter of community law. Then, the Human Rights Act 1998 asked English courts to have regard of decisions made by European court of Human Rights. This process of development is still in process.
“Natural Law” is based upon a set of principles which are set by nature and therefore have universal legitimacy and wide acceptance. “Equity” or “Justice” is believed to alleviate the strictness of “English Common Law” by allowing courts to use their good judgment and apply justice in accordance with “Natural Law”. According to Hobbes, there are nineteen laws of nature. 2 (Thomas Hobbes) Equity looked to follow these natural laws in order to seek justice.
The Court of Chancery originated in Norman or Kings Council. It is also called the “Court of Equity” in England and Wales. The Chancery had jurisdiction over all matters of equity, including trusts, property law and the administration of the assets etc.
Party coming to Equity court must be with clean hands. Clean hands does not mean that a person with wrong deeds cannot obtain the aid of equity but it
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(“Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 6”, n.d.)
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(Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 6)
“Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 6”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1564277-law.
Trademarks and service marks are words, names, symbols, or devices used by manufacturers of goods and providers of services to identify their goods and services, and to distinguish their goods and services from goods manufactured and sold by others (Radcliffe and Brinson, n.d.).
Secondly, the study seeks to find out whether legal origin and shareholder protection are associated in any way, and whether countries with the common law origin show signs of robust development of the stock market, compared with countries that mainly apply civil law.
I conducted further research on the Incorporated Council of law reporting for England and Wales only to find that it has been in existence since 1865 and prove to be an authority on both law and its accurate reporting. The fact that the Council operated as a charity served to further convince me of its dedication to accurate reporting and its commitment to do with no consideration for financial gain.
(Melone and Kames, 63) The proscribed form for lodging these disputes was by way of a writ which set out specific claims and remedies. (Melone and Kames, 63)
The Royal courts were divided into three common law courts. They were the
Secondly, all citizens, regardless of rank and file, are equally accountable to the laws, as administered in the courts. Thirdly, constitutional laws do not provide the source of the rule of law but is the consequences of the
When a case is decided by a judge then his decision and the basis of the case becomes a precedent which other courts follow while deciding a case which is similar in nature. The systems of rules of Common law is dependent more on