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er, it should be noted, together with the global spread of capitalism (Cemlyn & Briskman, 2003), there has been also the spread of poverty, instability and war (Cemlyn & Briskman, 2003). The conditions of poverty, instability and war have resulted into the massive displacement of people. Adults as well as children are “displaced across national borders by armed conflict and political oppression”(Boyden & Hart, 2007: 237). This circumstance is aggravated by the reality that the violence against the displaced people is perpetuated by the state (Boyden & Hart, 2007). However, the suffering of the displaced people does not end there. As they flee from their country because it can no longer provide security and protection on their lives, property and liberty, they seek asylum on other countries wherein they are perceived as ‘outsiders’ who may be “encroaching on national assets however justified their claim”( Boyden & Hart, 2007: 237).This forced migration with which people are subjected includes children.
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), currently offers support to around 8 million refugee children (Boyden & Hart, 2007: 238). There is a tremendous increase in the number of asylum-seeking children since it is claimed that the contemporary shape of wars has changed in such a way that wars are now fought within the state, at the centre of the cities, at the very heart of the towns. Being such, there is an increase in civilian casualties which in turn gives rise to the “emerging demographic profile in much of the global South, where up to 50 per cent of national populations are currently under 18 years of age, it is inevitable that children constitute a large proportion of the peoples displaced by conflict” (Boyden & Hart, 2007: 238). In this regard, among asylum seekers, there is now the occurrence of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children.
“Unaccompanied children leave their homes for diverse reasons: poverty and lack of
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Britain has an obligation to maintain asylum seekers and never to return them in countries where they are vulnerable to persecution. Refugee convention defines asylum seeker as an individual who seeks refuge in another country for fear of being persecuted in his or her own country for various reasons such as political opinion, religion, race, nationality or identifying himself with a specific group.
Global share: If we consider global refugee and asylum seeking population the UK ranks 32nd in the world in relation to the host country's overall size, population and wealth. The number of asylum applications the UK received in 2002 represented about 0.01 percent of the global refugee population and about 0.03 per cent of the refugee population in Europe.
In many cases these differences are multi-faceted, reflecting language, culture, religion and colour. The reality for many asylum seekers is being homeless, stateless and status-less within a system that is far from welcoming. This paper examines the housing experience of asylum seekers in the UK, within an unfolding scenario of legislative reform and political manoeuvring.
Social policy aims to improve human welfare and to meet human needs for education, health, housing and social security. In an academic environment, social policy refers to the study of the welfare state and the range of responses to social need." (Wikipedia, 2006).
This will be discovered by investigating some of the ways that domestic violence and mental health might affect parenting, recognizing these issues as common effects of drug use, by looking at how these issues affect the growth and development of the children.
The meaning of the word ‘Asylum’ is protection against persecution (Andrés, Kenyon, Birkholz, 2004:110).Persecution can be of many types when viewed in the international context. One of the online dictionaries explains asylum as “protection and immunity from extradition granted by a government to a political refugee from another country”.
Can they be relied on?? Are they valid???
The research study has been conducted to determine the health problems experienced by child and youth asylum seekers in the United Kingdom, with particular focus being on
The result of the study will confirm ‘Does Every Child really Matter’ or it is just a name of a programme. The study will give new directions to the social services in providing an improved provision of facilities to the children of both the locals and asylum seeker families. How do the country interpret the "best interests" of immigrant and refugee children?
According to Balchin (2002, p. 106), it covers health care, criminal justice system as well as equality and education. It also deals with health policy, housing policy, education policy, economic (income) policy and family policy among other issues related to
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