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Also termed as Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC), it is a simple, quick and inexpensive method used to diagnose superficial surface masses, and is especially useful in sampling the accessible head and neck masses in outpatient department (Pilotti et al 1993). Masses located within the region of the head and neck, including salivary gland and thyroid gland, cervical masses and nodules, and intraoral lesions can be readily diagnosed using this technique. It is the procedure of choice in outpatient departments, especially for the lesion of head and neck. Some of such studies have been considered here to comprehend the differences and efficacies of each of the two techniques
FNAC proves to be better than conventional smear in a number of ways. It is relatively safe since it is pretty much noninvasive when it comes to diagnosing malignancies, to which the only alternative before the advent of FNA was open excision biopsy. The most commonly encountered lesions in this area are lumps or swellings. The differential is important to rule out the malignancy, which is the most suspected diagnosis (Lee et al 1987, Skoog et al 2009). The technique is relatively easy to perform, fairly accurate and well tolerated by the patients. It is associated with low morbidity as it causes minimal suffering and carries next to no risk of complications. Its accuracy turns out to be the major reason for its preference over the conventional Pap smear.
Numerous studies have been conducted in the area to analyze the advantages and pitfalls of both the techniques. The critical review below will outline various studies and help establish a view point about the two and reveal the superiority of FNAC.
1. Parfitt et al (2007) conducted a research to analyze the accuracy given by the two techniques. CS offers more accurate diagnosis more often. Accuracy offered by CS was 57% as compared to just 42% with that of thinprep. Thinprep has a higher
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They work with patients suffering from different types of illness, diseases and undertake a diversity of roles and actions. Their roles demand professional knowledge and expert skills. Many a times, the situations handled by the nurses are complex and demand an understanding of the complexity of the situation which can be gained only through experience and reflection.
The potential useof liquid ventilation has been investigated since 1962 when Kylstra evaluated the ability to sustain gas exchange in mice spontaneously breathing saline oxygenated at 6 atmospheres. Clark subsequently demonstrated that spontaneousely bring mice survive when submerged in perfluorocarbon under normobaric conditions.
The aim of this essay is to evaluate if there are any bedside assessment techniques, which can detect aspiration, and are sufficiently specific and sensitive. The availability of such a technique can be cost effective and easily available, unlike the disadvantages of the traditional instrumental techniques.
In the field of diagnosis several procedures of FNA were innovated in pursue of accuracy, but none of them, except ThinPrep was proved to be qualified enough to be competent with the conventional one. The points of accuracy of FNA are
It is in this direction that the entry of food, fluid or other foreign material into the lung is generally considered to be accidental because the lung is not supposed to harbor such substances (Wierbicky, 2008). When any foreign material
Activity 1 contains investigative and researched methods on accounting ratios and their use for ‘Simventure’, which will be analysed and conducted for a deeper understanding of the assignment. The assignment will support Simventure
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