Before going into the details regarding similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches, let’s first understand the concept of learning based on behavioral psychology and cognitive psychology.
The other name is behaviorism. Introduced by John B…
Download file to see previous pages...
an and Kentridge (2000) define behavioral psychology as a “subset of psychology that focuses on studying and modifying observable behavior by means of systematic manipulation of environmental factors”. Behaviorists or behavior psychologists affirm that a behavior is to be studied and evaluated without giving any consideration to the inner mental condition of the individual.
Classical conditioning. This theory, put forth by Ivan Pavlov and John B. Watson, suggests that a behavior can be assessed by watching how an animal or an individual shoes an unconditioned response by associating a neutral stimulus with a naturally occurring (unconditioned) stimulus. Pavlov experimented with dogs and conditioned them so that they salivated on the sound of bell ringing by associating the sound with their food.
Operant conditioning is of four types. Positive Reinforcement and Negative Reinforcement tend to support the behavior as under these two conditions, the individual experiences a good ending and thus repeats his experience in future. On the other hand, Punishment and Extinction tend to weaken the chances of future occurrences of a behavior as under these two circumstances, the individual has had a bad or neutral ending.
Learning based on behavioral psychology. Behavioral psychologists carry on the process of learning by assuming that a person can be completely understood by observing his behavior. And how a behavior is to be learnt? It is done by learning an individual’s responses to environmental stimuli. This is basically a stimulus-response theory. The boss orders the employee to leave (stimulus) and the employee leaves (response). This means that “learning in humans and animals can take place through the association of a response with particular stimuli” (Psychologist World, 2009).
Strengths. Behaviorism approaches are well designed and focused because of well organized ways of measuring behavioral responses. Classical behaviorism has a great advantage in
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Organizational behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words - 1”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1563279-organizational-behaviour
(Organizational Behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words - 1)
“Organizational Behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1563279-organizational-behaviour.
Organizational behaviour involves studying and application of knowledge on how groups, team leaders, managers, groups and individuals act in an organization. This takes a systematic approach of leadership that interprets people-organization relationship (Judith Wilson 2009).
Characteristics of contemporary organisations Organisation Structure The field of organisational behaviour is directly related the different factors of an organisation such as the individual, the groups and the structure. Basically, these factors have effects on the behaviour of the members and units of an organisation.
Organizations (like the college under analysis) are primarily complex goal-seeking units which in order to survive must accomplish secondary tasks, e.g. they must maintain their internal system to co-ordinate the human side of enterprise and must adapt to and shape the external environment.
Managers who possess the quality of guiding and directing the subordinates in an organization to perform their jobs efficiently can be called business leaders. A leader interprets the objectives of the group and guides it towards the achievement of these objectives.
can influence a persons level of job satisfaction; some of these factors include the level of pay and benefits, the perceived fairness of the promotion system within a company, the quality of the working conditions, leadership and social relationships, and the job itself (the
Organizational behaviour (OB), as it is referred to in business studies, is a study of human behaviour; it is complex and has components from various fields like psychology, sociology, and anthropology. Organizational behaviour in an
employee attitudes, management practices and its strategies to deal with situations that encompass human resource management, leadership practices and change management. It defines the organizational belief and attitude in the way goals and objectives are accomplished. An
idered the number one manufacturing concern in the world, with extraordinary leadership and visionary leaders (Liker 2004), as well as being that of encouraging a diverse and compatible team within its organization. However recent recalls, and specific media reports pointing to
However, his direct superior, Tony, who was an Accounting Manager at WD Inc. exhibited a serious lack of clarity in terms of his role. On analysis of the case it has been found that Tony extended a helping hand to Ali