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Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy - Essay Example

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Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is one of the major orientations of psychotherapy and represents a unique category of psychological intervention because it derives from cognitive and behavioral psychological models of human behavior that include for instance, theories of normal and abnormal development, and theories of emotion and psychopathology.
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Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy
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Download file to see previous pages It is also used in a wider sense to mean the act of knowing or knowledge, and may be interpreted in a social or cultural sense to describe the emergent development of knowledge and concepts within a group that culminate in both thought and action.
Behavior therapy, the earliest of the cognitive and behavioral psychotherapies, is based on the clinical application of extensively researched theories of behavior, such as learning theory (in which the role of classical and operant conditioning are seen as primary). Early behavioral approaches did not directly investigate the role of cognition and cognitive processes in the development or maintenance of emotional disorders. Cognitive therapy is based on the clinical application of the more recent, but now also extensive research into the prominent role of cognitions in the development of emotional disorders.
"The term 'Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy' (CBT) is variously used to refer to behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and to therapy based on the pragmatic combination of principles of behavioral and cognitive theories" (Brown, 2000). New CBT interventions are keeping pace with developments in the academic discipline of psychology in areas such as attention, perception, reasoning, decision making etc.
"Cognitive and/or behavioral psychotherapists work with individuals, families and groups. The approaches can be used to help anyone irrespective of ability, culture, race, gender or sexual preference" (Mythos & Logos). Cognitive and/or behavioral psychotherapies can be used on their own or in conjunction with medication, depending on the severity or nature of each client's problem.
Kinds of Research in CBT
Put in simple words, CBT involves two different kinds of researches: Qualitative and Quantitative. Quantitative methods are useful for describing social phenomena, especially on a larger scale, whereas qualitative methods allow social scientists to provide richer explanations (and descriptions) of social phenomena, frequently on a smaller scale.
There is some debate over whether "quantitative" and "qualitative" methods can be complementary: some researchers argue that combining the two approaches is beneficial and helps build a more complete picture of the social world, while other researchers believe that the epistemologies that underpin each of the approaches are so divergent that they cannot be reconciled within a research project.
While quantitative methods are based on a natural science, positivist model of testing theory, qualitative methods are based on interpretivism and are more focused around generating theories and accounts. Positivists treat the social world as something that is 'out there', external to the social scientist and waiting to be researched. Interpretivists, on the other hand believe that the social world is constructed by social agency and therefore any intervention by a researcher will affect social reality. Herein lies the supposed conflict between quantitative and qualitative approaches - quantitative approaches traditionally seek to minimize intervention in order to produce valid and reliable statistics, whereas qualitat ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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