This article tries to explore the ethical issue of bribery and corruption by looking into the conditions that perpetuates bribery and corruption in the Chinese construction industry. It offers the framework which shows that the interconnection of China’s open door policy,…
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In the end, the approach proposed in this paper may hopefully provide a new understanding of bribery and corruption in the Chinese construction industry.
The contemporary world’s experience of globalisation is a unique phenomenon known only in the last fifty years (Soros, 2002). Globalisation has opened the doors of the global market, which has paved the way for countries across the globe to redefine their national and international trading relations. In this regard, China’s response to the demands and challenges of globalisation has stirred worldwide interest as China’s economic growth in the past twenty years have been considered as remarkable and even to some “miraculous” (Sachs & Woo 1993). Studies have shown that the fast phase economic growth of China in the past twenty years can be attributed to the coming together of multi-factors that creates the proper ambiance and environment for economic progress and development (Haddad, 2007). However, it is undeniable that China’s economic policy of opening its door to international trade is appreciated as one the strongest and clearly perceptible decisive impetus that drives and hastens China’s economic growth. (Yao 2006; Chen & Feng 2000; Fukasaka ,Soligna, & Lecomte 1996; Liu et al 2002). And in the context of China’s rapid economic progress, the contribution of one industry is undeniable – the construction industry.
China’s construction industry plays a pivotal role in the China’s economic progress. The construction industry in China is worth US $ 93 billion, it employs nearly 24 million people (more than 5%of the total labour force); it accounts for more than 6% of the GDP, and has been growing at an average rate of nearly 10%since 1979 (Daud & Zong, 2005). Being such, the high performance of China’s construction industry makes the industry one of the most successful and lucrative
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Even though, corruption and bribery is illegal in most of these countries, the practices are still a way of doing business. Bribery and corruption in the global business has been receiving serious attention from intergovernmental bodies, chambers of commerce, nongovernmental organizations, governments and the civil society.
Similarly, globalization has led to the uniting and interaction of western capitalists with a like mind to interact with other capitalists in the developing countries. These capitalists might be like-minded, but their interpretation of honesty, trust, and other important values might differ.
According to the paper builders and craftsperson’s still confront the age-old problems posed in the aboriginal search for dwellings. Issues of ventilation, illumination, and structural support, which challenged their historical predecessors, are confronted daily by engineers, architects, and tradespersons. Cave dwellers would no more be apt to build a wintry fire in a low-domed cliff aperture than would a twentieth-century architect design a sealed office structure without air-conditioning.
The questions then that the proposed dissertation seeks to address are:
Guanxi is becoming popular in the West as a management concept because of its way of taking advantage of personal connections to edge out the competition. This is especially useful in the construction industry where the contractors need to interact with a multitude of players to get things moving and have anything done at all.
This paper focuses on the issues pertaining to skill shortages and whether the construction industry has the capacity to complete the projects for the Olympic games in 2012.
The first part of the paper discusses scale and impact of the 2012 Olympics on the construction industry.
Corruption and bribery have once been viewed by many firms as an awkward but necessary requirement. But of late the outlook of the companies has changed and the corruption and bribery are being looked into more as business malpractices. "The risks of exposure have become greater, the costs of exposure more substantial, and a compelling body of evidence demonstrates that engaging in corruption and bribery damages company integrity, degrades the business environment, and fails to create enduring competitive advantage".
They include architects, consultant engineers, surveyors, lawyers, plumbers, site managers, electricians, bricklayers and many others.
Unlike in other sectors, most employees in the construction sector work for very small firms that are in turn subcontractors for bigger developers.
Mbunwe observes that bribery and corruption as we see it in society today are never new phenomena. This is because of as far back as two thousand years ago, the prime minister of an Indian King known as Kautilya is said to have written a book about the concepts. There is evidence of Dante regarding bribers as being placed in deepest parts of Hell.
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