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Large numbers of such diseases are seen in the third world countries today, owing to a lack of proper health and hygiene practice in the ways of living of the people, lack of proper medical services, and also due to poverty.
Many diseases that are commonly seen in these countries are air and water borne, like dysentery, malaria, polio, typhoid and cholera. Another disease which is now taking the shape of a great epidemic is the HIV-AIDS, especially in the African belt. Here there have been reportedly more than 2 million deaths in 2000, and now around 70% of all AIDS cases are said to be from Africa. Thus, AIDS has become an epidemic in Africa and is still spreading with women being more affected than men are. As Shanmuganandan tells us, “It is observed that the epidemiological situation is precarious in some regions of the Third World such as African parts of Caribbean and Latin America. Cases of AIDS have almost doubled in the Asia-Pacific region. Africa is the leading continent...It is also inferred that the regions identified to report with a higher prevalence rate are Brazil, The Bahamas, The Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Trinidad and Tobago. In addition, the countries included are Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, The Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand”( Shanmuganandan, AIDS in Third World Countries: A Geomedical Study). Without proper treatment and medical facilities, HIV-AIDS continues to spread mercilessly. Dysentery is another disease that continues to affect thousands in the third world countries due to poor lifestyle practices. As Macfarlene comments “Dysentery is of major importance in most non-western societies, as anyone who has spent time in a Third World country today knows… If we take just amoebic dysentery In 1981, it was estimated that there were about 480 million infected people in the world: 290 million
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Globalization plays a great role in food systems in third world countries. Nations which have embraced globalization have seen their economies and other spheres of life develop. Additionally, several concepts help in understanding various facets of globalization. Such concepts include: Social Structure, Symbolic Interactionism.
Naturally, government needs to raise huge funds to promote such programs. However, third world countries do not have sufficient money to spend on the intervention and prevention activities. Hence, economically and industrially developed countries, especially the United States have a moral obligation to fight AIDS in third world countries.
According to the paper over the past decade there have been several instances of businesses relocating their factories to third world countries. With costs of manufacturing and labour going up significantly in the developed countries of US, Germany and France, companies are looking to offshore their factories to lower cost nations in order to capture newer markets and also to manage their balance sheets since most of these third world countries provide cheap labour.
While theorists have tended towards the arguing of a single cause, a critical analysis of the variant explanations forwarded establishes that underdevelopment, as in persistent and chronic underdevelopment, is a consequence of a multitude of factors and not just one.
It manages production and/or delivery of services in more than one country. These corporations are very powerful and some do have revenues, profit and budgets that exceed the gross domestic product (GDP)'s of the host countries hence have a powerful influence on world affairs and on globalization.
Over the last two hundred years, there has been increase in food production, advancement in science and technology has empowered man to harness natural resources in an efficient way, but population has been on the rise, which is bringing toll at the world resources.
For instance, the U.S. Congress has, for a number of times, given consideration to legislation in order to ban imports of goods produced through child labour. In addition, support groups have managed to arrange boycotts by consumers to reprimand companies that employ children.
, especially socioeconomic conditions, are usually beyond the control of individuals and require a concerted effort by communities and government to alter. However, poor socioeconomic conditions have been conclusively linked with a propensity to suffer from all types of diseases