Nobody downloaded yet

Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings Abstract The rise of a new strain of influenza A referred to as A (H1N1) virus in February 2009 prompted health authorities in to discovering the pandemic potential of this strain. Although this pandemic was declared to be over in August 2010, future pandemics cannot be ruled out due to certain characteristics of the virus…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings"

Download file to see previous pages Following that will be a detailed study of each of the factors that affect pandemics which include transmissibility, genetic diversity, severity, preventive measures and treatments. Introduction Health authorities across North America were set into frenzy when it was discovered in February 2009 that a novel strain of Influenza A had been found in the diseased population of a small town in Mexico. This virus was earlier referred to as H1N1 but subsequent studies showed that this was a reassortant form of 1918 HIN1 and with this discovery came the possibility of the rise of a new strain of influenza that could behave in an unpredictable manner. The general media came to call this disease Swine Flu and the new strain was termed by scientists as A (H1N1) virus. Within a couple of months, countries around the globe began to report cases of swine flu and on 11th June 2009, WHO declared it to be a pandemic. Containment programs began across the globe which included isolation setups for confirmed or suspected cases, restricted travel and vaccination weeks. Studies were undertaken to find out the genetic and antigenic characteristics of the virus and transmissibility and virulence were looked upon in great detail in trying to predict the duration and severity of this pandemic. Although a lack of data collection networks in underdeveloped countries led to an inability to estimate the actual number of people affected, studies were able to predict that this pandemic will be mild and short-lived well before the pandemic was declared over in August 2010. However, assessing the pandemic potential of this relatively new strain of influenza A, H1N1 is extremely important in order to predict a pandemic-in-waiting. This is best possible by studying the information collected during the pandemic and this is what this paper aims to achieve. Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings The influenza A strain of H1N1 also known as Swine flu, showed its first outbreak in early 2009 with the WHO declaring it to be a pandemic in June 2009. This call was taken back in august 2010 and the influenza pandemic was declared to be over. A look at the chronological developments in this pandemic is useful in assessing the trends that this pandemic has followed. Chronology of H1N1 pandemic Around 15th February 2009, the first case of this outbreak was reported in the town of La Gloria, Mexico and this was followed by 60% of the town’s population being affected by a respiratory illness of unknown nature. While the local authorities attributed this to H3N2 strain of influenza, at least one of these cases was reported to be caused by HIN1 strain. On March 17th 2009, the first case of flu due to H1N1 was confirmed in a Mexico. Meanwhile, authorities like CDC in USA continued to report on the new influenza activity in 35 states of USA but reported that the activity had not reached the point where it could be labeled an epidemic. On 1st of April 2009, the first confirmed case of ‘swine flu’, as it came to be called generally, was reported in a ten year old boy living in California. The next day, the Mexican authorities confirmed the first proven case of H1N1 in a four year old boy. On 12th April, the first known fatality of the outbreak, a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1419116-pandemic-potential-of-a-strain-of-influenza-a
(Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1419116-pandemic-potential-of-a-strain-of-influenza-a.
“Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1419116-pandemic-potential-of-a-strain-of-influenza-a.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Avian influenza
...?Avian influenza Avian influenza Avian influenza Avian influenza was not expected to cause disease in human beings. However in 1997, an influenza epidemic broke out in Asia and North East Africa (WHO, 2011). The avian subtype H5N1 had been incriminated for the several human diseases and deaths and was known to occur from infected poultry birds and farmyard animals as influenza A (CDC, 2009). The WHO had worked with the aims of identification of new cases and made attempts to reduce animal health and public health risks (WHO, 2011). The continuous effort by the World Health Organization had resulted in the WHO declaring that the world was...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Influenza Pandemic
.... According to Stuart-Harris C. (1979) they are now identified to represent 3 various antigenic subtypes of influenza Type A virus: H1N1, H2N2, and H3N2, respectively. Not classified as true pandemics are 3 prominent epidemics: a pseudo pandemic in 1947 with low death rates, an epidemic in 1977 that was a pandemic in children, and an abortive epidemic of swine influenza in 1976 that was feared to have pandemic potential. Major influenza epidemics show no predictable periodicity or pattern, and all differ from one another. Evidence implies that true pandemics with changes...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Strain Theory
...1. One of the main ideas of the Theory of Strain consist that a principal cause of criminality is the contradiction between values, at achievement ofwhich a society directs people, and opportunities of their achievement with respect to rules established by this society. This contradiction leads to that a person, who has not managed to receive the certain values following the rules, starts to deny the rules and aspires to receive the values at any cost. That is why people start to commit crimes. 2. Strain theory focuses on situations in which other individuals "punish" the juvenile. The second and third major types of strain deal with the two major types of punishment: the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Early Influenza Vaccination
..."Early Influenza vaccination Impacting decreased infection rate and mortality" The study was carried out to develop a deep understanding about the impact of early Influenza vaccination to decrease major cause specific mortality and related ailments like stroke, renal disease, diabetes mellitus, pneumonia, malignancy and heart disease. Introduction Influenza is the most widespread viral disease and turns out to be one of the considerable causes of global morbidity and mortality. The potentially dangerous, debilitating and disruptive abilities of the virus, enables and broadens its spread in the population. This fetches a considerable...
3 Pages(750 words)Article
Pandemic
.... These recommendations are mostly based in studies of epidemics in the seasonal perspective and are from significant findings in initial treatments of early onset influenza on otherwise salubrious adults (WHO). The 1918 Spanish Flu In 1918, a seemingly mundane cold shook everyone as it blew into a pandemic that affected 1/5 of the entire population of the globe. About 675, 000 Americans died and around 43, 000 who served in World War I perished because of the influenza. This devastation lasted two years and wreaked havoc to millions around the world (www.virus.stanford.edu). Most felt the effects of the strain and found its way through...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Pandemic Flu
...Pandemic Flu Pandemic flu is a global decease outbreak which spreads mainly among people who have little immunity. There are many dangerous viruses which can be the source of pandemic flu, but the most dangerous one is virus A the proteins of which have transformed into H5N1 virus which is known today as avian flu or bird flu. The virus is carried by wild birds and can be rather dangerous for domestic poultry which can in turn affect humans. H5N1 don't currently infect humans, but the virus is constantly changing, and in some cases it can make people sick. About half of infected humans died: as the virus doesn't always cause humans sickness there is no vaccine which could be able to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Pandemic avian influenza
..., caused by the H5N1 virus, in poultry. ETIOLOGY Most pandemics over the centuries have originated in parts of Asia where dense populations of humans live in close proximity to water fowl, ducks and pigs. In this part of the world, surveillance for both animal influenza and clusters of unusual respiratory disease in humans performs an important early warning function. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY The outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza in Asia in 2004 are clearly unprecedented in respect of the geographical scale and the endemicity of the virus, which now appears firmly entrenched in parts of Asia. Other unique features of the outbreaks suggest that the complex...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
D3 H1N1
...The World Health Organization normally coordinates production of influenza vaccine (Gerdil, 2003). Fertilized chicken eggs are used in the manufacturing of the vaccine. Production process of the influenza vaccine begins when a new type of virus responsible for causing the ailment is detected in the environment. The causative strain is isolated and subjected to genetic re-assortment technique. The objective of reassortment process is to produce viral strains that closely resemble the prototype wild virus that causes influenza (Gerdil, 2003). The virus strain is grown and in fertilized chicken eggs. Isolating within the embroyonated eggs reduces the possibility of contaminating the virus strain. The now hybrid virus is tested... to...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Influenza
...Influenza Introduction: This paper looks at the communicable disease influenza and nursing research. Influenza was chosen due to the prevalence of the numerous influenza viruses that have circulated globally over the last few decades and the presence of community health nurses on the frontlines of dealing with the diseases. Some of the influenza viruses that emerged were the following: H5N1/97 virus from Hong Kong which was transmitted from poultry stock to humans; and, the H1N1/2009 virus, also from Hong Kong. The difference between the two viruses, of particular note to this paper, is that the H5N1/97 virus did not become a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Real World Disasters: H1N1 Pandemic (2009), Earthquake in Haiti (2010)
....” (Weinberg, 2014) In case of infections that are less focussed on the teenagers, the restrictions should be imposed on the adults and their work milieu. As in the case of the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918–19, when the nature of the viral strain is not clearly known and there is no clear evidence of faster transmission through young children, both adults and young children should be targeted as part of social distancing. (Glass, 2006) However, the social distancing strategies are really difficult to implement. They must be put into effect throughout the duration of the epidemic and especially till the time a vaccine is developed and circulated amongst the masses. A dangerous epidemic likely to spread within a community can... for the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us