Has the growth of the Internet, blogging, Wiki’s and digital databases confirmed the ‘Death of the Author’ thesis or has it resurrected authorship in another form? Give precise examples.
There is a serious debate about…
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In this paper I will focus on Foucault’s reflections of authorship and will link his views to 21th century technological development giving example with Creative Commons licenses.
“The writing of our day has freed itself from the necessity of "expression"; it refers only to itself, yet is not restricted to the confines of interiority. On the contrary, we recognize it in its exterior deployment” (Foucault, 1977, p.124). Foucault’s point is that today it is easy to write, because society has been liberated from the need to “explain” itself. It seems for Foucault that everything has been said, written and commented and that the necessity to express oneself is not internally stimulated, but rather externally – we are required by society to deliver in a verbal way what we feel, believe, support or disagree with. Therefore, writing is transformed into an interaction of symbols, signs governed less by the content it indicates than by the nature of the writer (Foucault, 1977).
In “What is an Author” Foucault (1977) questions the modern process of writing and illustrates the value of reading. “The author – or what I have called the author-function – is undoubtedly only one of the possible specifications of the subject” (Foucault, 1977, p.138). The author here is described as author-fiction. We may say that this is a methodologically employed term to unite the writer with his literary creation. More particularly, Foucault (1977) outlines that in the future researches there should be a “typology of discourse” (p.137). Foucault (1977) notes that this typology can not be understood solely in regards to its formal structures, objects of narrative or grammatical features. There are logical properties that can not be reduced to the rules of grammar or other laws that rule language and objects.
The methodological point here is that various
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Marriage and love, social and economic relations of the modern people are considered in the book by Laura Kipnis “Against Love”. Both of these authors have a common idea: they underline that spouses are united by their common beliefs, ideas, daily routine and many other factors, which determine their common life.
The theory is based upon three proposition which encourages the identification of the purpose affiliated with the control behavior, and the purpose affiliated with the 'inform of competence' (David, 2003). According to the theory, the relative salience of the two elements supports in the determination of the type of the motivation affected.
Foucault's work on subjectivity, governmentality and space has been highly influential in shaping an understanding of the relationship between issues of space and identity. Foucault developed the theory of disciplinary power in which he describes the unique relationship between the process of madness and the process of being imprisoned.
He believed that we needed to view medicine as a societal need for the overall "surveillance and regulation of human bodies." He is also known for his studies on institutions (psychiatry, medicine and the prison). In addition, he is famous for his work in the field of sexuality.
It is possible to say that it is not surprising because the process of organizing and bureaucracy in modern institutions can be described as the design, development and maintenance of a system of coordinated activities in which individuals and groups of people work cooperatively under leadership towards commonly understood and accepted goals.
Foucault's wide range of influence ranging from history, to psychology, philosophy to politics and freedom is synthesis of his upbringing, education and very intense thinking. His analysis of the mind in relation to power has been a subject of immense appeal to modern thinkers.
The importance that has been gathered around the Oriental food of the region is related to chopsticks being defined as the most instrumental factor in the ways of cutting off food stuff. The reason behind the smaller size of ingredients is this existence of sticks enabling it to grasp those tiny pieces before being the flavor of culinary delight.
Socio-cultural forces majorly encompass demographic and cultural aspects related to external macro environment. KFC operates in different zones and even comprise of employees belonging to different cultural backgrounds. Hence socio-cultural aspect is not only present external to the organization but even internal to the organization.
According to the research, it seems as though Barthes suggests that children who are given these “ready-made” toys will never think outside of the box. That cannot be true. Children still grow up to create. They become engineers and inventors when they become adults. Curiosity never stops regardless of the toys the children have been given.
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