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It shall discuss the different legal and academic papers which support this position and shall focus on the following issues surrounding the imposition of capital punishment: whether or not its administration is affected by race and whether or not it actually deters the commission of crimes. These concerns are crucial in determining the appropriate application of capital punishment and would help this student arrive at a logical conclusion to this paper.
In Supreme Court of Louisiana No. 98-KA-1078 v. Allen Snyder (1998), Louisiana Supreme Court Justice J. Johnson entered his dissenting opinion to the court’s decision by firmly stating that he would “have more confidence in the fair-mindedness of this jury and the jury’s pronouncement of the death sentence, had the state not used its peremptory challenges to exclude every African American juror, resulting in an all white jury for this black defendant”. His statement provides one of the crucial reasons why the death penalty should be abolished in all fifty US states. There have been various instances of cases involving discriminatory juries. Such instances include the “Texas shuffle”, where African American jurors were not allowed to be part of the jury in death penalty cases (Miller-El v. Cockrell, 2003). District attorneys have a belief that black jurors often have doubts about a defendant’s liability for killing and that they also believe that such defendants are remorseful of their crimes regardless of their seemingly uncaring behavior. On the other hand, white jurors see these defendants as dangerous. And black jurors feel that the white jurors do not actually comprehend the environment where the black defendant comes from (Amnesty International, 2009). In a paper by Loury (2001) he assessed the trend in the felony division jury trials in Cook County Circuit Court between January 1 and June 30,
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According to the opinions of different theorists in the past, the death penalty could in earlier times be considered as a significant measure that could prevent crimes from taking place within a society. This is primarily because individuals committing dreadful crimes if punished with the death penalty could act as an intimidation for other individuals.
The researcher state that he crimes that may lead to a death penalty vary from one country to another and from one religion to another. Same case applies to the methods of carrying out the execution. Some of the crimes that can warrant a death penalty are murder, treason, rape, terrorism, and even adultery in the Muslim religion.
At the beginning of the 20th century, nearly all countries practiced some form of capital punishment, but it is no longer used in most countries (Stearman, 2007). The benefits and drawbacks of the death penalty are debated widely. Can it ever be justified?
In US, many states still continue with death penalty laws. Supreme Court suspended capital punishment during period 1972-76; however, that was resurrected after that. The paper explores why capital punishment should be abolished. US Death Penalty History The below mentioned table depicts death execution history in last few decades in US.
Although death penalty is a very harsh punishment but it is helpful in reducing the crime rate in any part of the world. Death penalty injects a sense of fear into the minds of the criminals, which makes them think twice before planning to commit any sort of violent crime.
In his opinion, “Equality is morally less important than justice and justice is independent of distributional inequalities” (Van den Haag). It is a fact that many of the criminals who committed serious offenses escaped from death penalties whereas criminals who committed less serious crimes forced to accept death penalty.
Their agony tends to last for decades. The solution is to abolish the death penalty, and not in improved and swifter executions(Bannister, 2008, p. 167).
Over a period of 200 years, the approach to executions has