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Even though only a political settlement in Somalia can bring a long-term resolution to this issue, the measures taken by the international community can significantly improve the situation (Middleton 10).
The European Union Naval Force Somalia-Operation ATALANTA, launched by the European Council on the 8 of December 2008, aims to deter, prevent and repress acts of piracy and armed robbery off the Somali coast, and is a part of the global action conducted by the EU to deal with the Somali crisis (“Mission” 1). This operation has several benefits both for Somalia and for international entities affected by the issue of piracy.
To start with, operation ATALANTA helps to protect vessels of the World Food Programme (WFP), which deliver food aid to displaced people in Somalia. Since the EU naval escorts for WFP ships began in November 2007, not a single pirate attack on a ship carrying WFP food has been reported. Under the operation ATALANTA, WFP has managed to deliver over 267. 000 metric tons of food to ports in Somalia. Given the increasing need for humanitarian assistance in Somalia, the EU operation contributes significantly to support for numerous victims of the Somali crisis (“Mission” 3).
Moreover, operation ATALANTA protects vulnerable vessels in the Gulf of Aden and off the Somali cost. All shipping companies and operators that transit in this region have to register in advance of the website of the Maritime Security Center-Horn of Africa (MSC-HOA). This website facilitates the coordination of maritime traffic as it enables all vessels that observe EU NAVFOR recommendations to be aware of the arrangements taken. MSC-HOA also identifies particularly vulnerable vessels and provides them with close military protection, either from EU NAVOR, or other forces in the region (“Mschoa” 1). These arrangements significantly reduce the risks of pirate attacks or
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State X and imports to State Y. In order to promote her products, she often organizes party in the evenings in State Y, where huge number of audiences attends and purchases her products. However, the legal authorities of State Y authorities restricts on organizing such parties as promotional activities.
But in a country like Somalia, this is not the case. The failure to have a stable governance since last few decades, the resulting chaos and the extreme poverty which has become the reality of an average Somali citizen have taken their toll on the realization of a modern society in this country1.
In a country characterized by homogeneous culture and religion, conflicts between clans and sub entities of the clans remain one of the most difficult challenges towards the establishment of a democratic state (Makinda, 1992, pp 34-37). Though the reign of Siad Barre was oppressive and undemocratic, it demonstrated the tragic consequences that an oppressive government dominated by one clan could have on the country that has numerous clans, each interested to get control of the state’s affairs.
With the continued activities of pirates, not only shipping businesses lose billions of money but also the government. The same holds true for land base businesses where the copy right laws are violated. In 2009 alone, the International Maritime Bureau’s Piracy Reporting Centre (IMB PRC) received about 406 piracy incidences reported (www.icc-ccs.org/news/385-2009-worldwide-piracy).
In December of 1990 the capital city Mogadishu was under turmoil and fighting. In 1991 the Somali State collapsed under Siad Barre and he was forced out of the city of Mogadishu. (Ould-Abdallah, 2008). Since that time the country has been in further turmoil and disruption without any national solution.
They appear in folktales as old as Snow White; stories so old that their origin is lost within the verbal records of history. Witches figure prominently in stories such as Shakespeare's Macbeth and the witches of L. Frank Baum's The Wizard of Oz. They have been feared in the forests of Germany, hunted down as heretics by the Roman Catholic Church, and sought out as healers and miracle workers.
These features have so far resulted in depriving fellow Somalis from a decent life and human rights. The sea piracy is yet another characteristic which finds its connections with Somalia. In the last couple of years the sea pirates have started becoming a big threat for a number of Asian and European countries using the sea route through Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden, for trading and travelling activities.
One has to study this case in two dimensions. First dimension is that if 00/1271/EC Directive would have been implemented in the UK by 1 January 2002. Under this Directive anyone storing or manufacturing hazardous material is strictly
The Internet introduced a novel digital threat to legitimate copyright holders; and the illegal duplication of DVDs and CDs has proliferated, with Russia and a large number of Asian countries, emerging as the principal infringers (Mcclintock).
Somalia is not a country like any other and in most ways; it cannot be described as either African or Arab. The country has been plagued by state disintegration and repeated conflicts since independence and in 1991; the US Office of Disaster Assistance described it as “the worst humanitarian disaster in the world” (CJA, 2015).
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