It presents my own personal philosophy gleaned from theories conceptualized by Piaget, Vygotsky and Gardner. This philosophy serves as the foundation for the development of a developmentally-appropriate curriculum, assessment…
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As I have grown and become a mother, my philosophy on children, how they learn and grow has evolved. Personally, I have witnessed my children grow stage by stage and what each stage entailed in their development. It is amazing how one moves from one stage to another. Physically, it is obvious, but cognitively, it takes a while to realize that they grow out from being babies sooner than I expect. I believe that there are certain skills that develop per stage and that they learn from developmentally-appropriate activities before they can progress to another level. I have also learned that children are capable of learning if they are just trusted enough to be let go to explore and discover things for themselves and even solve simple problems on their own. In allowing them such, it communicates to them is respect for their own learning styles.
An educational approach that adheres to a constructivist philosophy, is usually based on the theories of Piaget or Vygotsky. A Piagetian-based classroom promotes discovery learning, sensitivity to childrens readiness to learn, and acceptance of individual differences (Berk, 2008). A Vygotskian-based classroom on the other hand, emphasizes assisted discovery, in which both teacher guidance and peer collaboration are virtually important (Berk, 2008). Taken together, both will highly benefit the preschool child.
I also subscribe to Howard Gardner’s (1983) Multiple Intelligence theory. It has motivated educators and ordinary people to think that each person has a giftedness that makes him special in his own way. Gardner claims that intelligence is not limited to the cognitive domain, as traditionally conceptualized. He views it in a much broader sense to include the individual’s affective, social and creative domains. He has come up with a number of intelligences a person possesses within him, as
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This therefore, does not translate to punishing characters bad conduct but it is more of setting a tone in the classroom. It also means controlling conduct problems with interesting and involving curriculums and efficiently involving all students in the classroom so that their requirements are met.
Sometimes, students are distinguished by physical characteristics, language used and behaviours that imply a certain ethnic group. However, physical characteristics do not necessarily identify a certain background. There are times that two white students who appear with the same physical characteristics may come from different backgrounds such as European or Australian.
The most effective way through which a teacher can maintain classroom control and create an enabling learning environment is through fostering an atmosphere of respect in the classroom. This, however, does not mean that no students will display disruptive behavior; therefore, for a teacher it is important to devise a strategy that deals with the disruptive behavior.
Incorporation of inclusive strategies in a classroom ensures that the students social, academic, and behavioral needs are met appropriately as well support for students with disabilities (Marzano, 2003). Classroom arrangement, rules, and procedures affect the students and the teacher directly because they govern the class activities and behaviors; hence, a classroom management plan has to ensure considerably that the making of policies process incorporates the students, teachers, administrators, and the parents (Hallahan, Kauffman, & Pullen, 2012).
Most of the children live near the school which is also located in a posh area. My students are English language learners and two of them are students with special education needs. The teaching environment is friendly
Procedures are step by step instructions on how to do activities like handing in assignments. Such a procedure can have steps like; after getting in class in the morning, learners must place assignment books on the
Relying on the cognitive model can help the students appreciate the power of positive thinking. Notably, positive thoughts and perceptions can change events, making them more appealing. Students need to understand that their cognitive
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