These debates have led to the emergence of two camps. One the one hand there exist the proponents of aid who believe that aid is an essential element to drive the development process. On the other hand,…
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For the purpose of this essay, development is defined as “the process of eradicating factors that bring about hindrances to social, political and economic progress. These factors include poverty, unemployment, lack of access to education and health facilities to name but a few. (Pieterse, 2001, pg 15). Development in this regard collarets with the views of Sen (2001, pg 3) that states that “development is the process of expanding the real freedom people enjoy and it requires the removal of major sources of unfreedom such as tyranny, poor economic opportunities, systematic social deprivation and neglect of public facilities”
This essay will be divided into two sections. Section one is dedicated to the understanding of the notion of aid; what it is, how it emerged and what are the factors driving its existence? Focus in section one will be on defining the term development aid, highlighting the different types of aid as well as presenting a brief history of aid. The objective of section one is to gain an in-depth understanding of the notion of development aid before scrutinising it.
Section two is the crux of this essay. This section will essentially discuss the role of aid in development by presenting the views of proponents and opponents of aid. This section will essentially highlight the view points of different scholars on the subject of development aid. The main aim of this section is to present a balanced scrutiny of the role of aid by evaluating the debates that present both positive and negative impact of development aid. Noteworthy examples of how aid has impacted positively and negatively in development will also be highlighted. These examples are meant to act as evidence of the reality of aid so as to determine whether it impedes or promotes development. It is also in this section where alternatives to aid are briefly discussed before the conclusion of the essay is
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Although they state that foreign aid has little impact in terms of supporting economic growth and is therefore ineffective, some of them actually view the giving of aid as diminishing the resources available for satisfying their own requirements, hence the concern.
As such it is common to find that people of different backgrounds have their favorite teams, which they support whenever there is a tournament such as the world cup among others. In addition, it may also be true to say that these people i.e. the fans have their favorite players in these teams whom they admire due to their display of skills and tact while on the field.
Research objectives 3. Limitations to and scope of study (demarcation of research) 4. Literature review 5. Importance of the study 6. Research methodology 7. Research techniques 8. Ethical considerations 9. Clarification of terms 10. Time framework 11. Chapter layout 12.
According to Rousseau, the citizens of a country pursue his own interest by following the law established by the vote of majority. A ‘social contract’ is formed through which the individuals merge their own interests with the “General Will” which refers to the preservation of the prosperity of the State (Canivez, 2004, p.
Using the so termed development aid, the third world countries try to develop the infrastructure of their governments and countries to provide a stable platform for the citizens to prosper and progress. Since poor third world countries never had the means of high income or GDP and since they do not attract big investments from other countries and markets, they are in a state where they cannot even take care of their own infrastructure (Erixon, 2005).
That is why the decision makers in government and other international financial institutions will have to weigh the pros and cons of each grant and come to a conclusion based on individual cases. The rest of this essay will elaborate the positive and negative factors that
This is because aid had been plagued with abuses both form the donor countries and the recipient countries (Cramer, Stein, & Weeks, 2006). While the donor countries often attach stringent measures, conditionality, and reform policies
However, there is another category of toys that is gender neutral. This category is the most educational and it is used to develop the physical, cognitive, and other important skills in a child. The toys that are strongly stereotyped on their gender are