Exercise and physical activity in general have been shown to cause a significant reduction in a wide range of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and mental disorders (Stralen et al., 2008). Despite this positive outcome, the trend towards a sedentary…
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The Transtheoretical Model (TTM; Prochaska & DiClemente, 1982, p. 83) has been used to facilitate positive behaviour change towards physical activity. The model is a combination of stages of change, self-efficacy, temptation, decisional balance and processes of change. The first stage, the stage of change, has been widely adopted by health and fitness professionals to help individuals move through the six theoretical stages: pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, termination with a positive outcome (progression) or negative outcome (relapse).
In the pre-contemplation stage the individual is not identifying the need for an exercise programme within the next 6 months. While smoothly moving to the next stage - the contemplation, the individual has begun to form an idea about exercising and eventually initiates it within the next 6 months. The preparation stage involves planning to start exercising within the next 60 days. The action period represents the first 6 months after commencing the exercise programme. In the maintenance stage a sustained exercise programme is developed which lasts no more than 6 months. The termination of the exercise program would mean that the individual has successfully changed his/her behaviour and consolidated the life-style in accordance with it. According to Prochaska & Velicer (1997) the termination stage is when an individual has embedded in himself/herself in an exercise behaviour for more than five years and has no desire for temptations and a maintains a robust self-efficacy for a healthy lifestyle. There is a possibility for a relapse phase to appear. The relapse can happen during any one of the enumerated stages. The relapse results in returning of the individual to the previous stage.
According to Bandura (1997) it is vital for a theoretical stage model
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The evidences in favor of exercise are many and are as old as the human race itself. The increasing toll of diseases associated with sedentary life style, like cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and diabetes at an alarming rate draws ones attention towards the need of immediate measures to counter the ill effects of the so called modernized living.
One of the ways that her diet is inappropriate for good weight management is that she uses ghee in much of her cooking, which is a form of clarified butter that is used in allot of Indian recipes. Mrs. Patel is currently in menopause and has been experiencing some of the grief that is associated with the changes her body has undergone in the past few years which has left her in a mild depression.
If the person is lucky enough, he gets warning signals long before in the form of pot belly or love handles. Sadly, not many are alarmed by this as the accumulation of fat is slow over the long period of time to herald an alarm signal. The vicious cycle of inactivity, obesity and cardiovascular disease risk has taken a toll in today’s society and the situation continues to get worse.
Our health is influenced by our behaviors, genetic makeup, the environment of our society and the clinical care we receive. We do not have control over the genetic makeup but we can control our behavior. We can make decisions not to drink alcohol, to eat healthy foods and to exercise regularly.
Physical inactivity leads to a host of chronic degenerative conditions and premature death, the promotion of a physically active lifestyle is an important public health objective.
"Sedentary lifestyle is a major underlying cause of death, disease, and disability.
But this school of thought has few participants today basically because more people continue to embrace the notion of exercising to keep up with healthy lifestyles. More and more gymnasiums keep sprouting up each day in our hotels, stadiums, recreational facilities, and even in our homes.
Keeping fit improves your chances of survival. Regular exercise is a means to supporting your vivacity and pliability. While you are extremely fit, your immune system is more prone to slow the disease process as your overall physical condition boosts your chance of making it through the rigors of medical treatment.
Pollan argues that majority of the stuff we claim to eat consist of synthetic nutrients rather than food that would be known by your ancestors. He says that the present foods even with
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