Whether it is the simple act of breathing in and breathing out or a more complex industrial activity such as power generation, all our actions result in polluting the atmosphere to varying degrees. This is…
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It is this relentless pursuit of growth around the world that is causing increasingly dangerous levels of environmental degradation and giving rise to the phenomenon of climate change with all its consequences.
Environmental concerns of the earlier years that focused on adverse effects on human health have since long moved to the more universal concerns regarding the very survival of life on this planet. These concerns have led to concerted efforts at national and international levels to enact stringent laws to safeguard our environment. These laws embody the principle of ‘polluter pays’ and are intended not only to control and regulate emissions / discharges (including, due to unforeseen incidents) from any economic activity, but also to forewarn the businesses of the penal liabilities for failing to confirm to regulations. However there are arguments supporting and opposing the effectiveness of this principle. This article examines them in the light of specific incidents and proposes that the principle of ‘polluter pays’ is a sufficient and necessary deterrent for any
The polluter pays principle came into vogue in 1973 and was incorporated into the European Communities Treaty in 1987 (Coffey and Newcombe, 2002, p.1-3). The European Communities Act, 1972 (UK) enabled the government of UK to implement European Community Law as a domestic law through regulations brought before the Parliament to make the necessary changes to the UK laws (UK Law online, 2009). The Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) Regulations 2009 is one such instance concerning the UK environmental laws and it came into force on March 1, 2009 embodying the polluter pays principle. By using the terms remediation and liabilities, the concept of making good any damage to the environment / suffering penalties, is brought forth through these regulations. In other words, businesses that conduct specified activities in all the three
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Other brands that the company produces include Fanta, Sprite, Minute Maid, Dasani water, Simply Orange brand and Fruitopia among others. Being under the leadership of Muhtar Kent, Coca-Cola enjoys large number of loyal customers an aspect that makes it attain high level of profitability and sustainable growth of its revenue.
The profit maximization is equivalent to maximization of the social welfare (Schmalensee, Armstrong & Porter 2007). This is because all gains from trade, i.e. social welfare, are absorbed by the producer, with the consumer getting no share of it. Social welfare is converted into profits for the producer.
as Petroleum products fertilizers steel Exports in $ $263.9 billion $1.56 trillion 104.3 billion Export partners by % China 29.5% Japan 19.3% South Korea 8.0% India 4.9% Canada 19% Mexico 14% China 7% Japan 4.5% Japan 26.6 South Korea 19 India 12 Singapore 5.7 China 5.4 Imports commodities Machinery and transport equipment, telecommunications equipment and parts; computers and office machines, petroleum products and crude oil Consumer goods, industrial supplies crude oil and components, computers and accessories, automotive vehicles, food, and beverages Machinery and transport equipments food chemical Imports in $ $258.1 billion $2.3 trillion 25.33 billion Import partn
The marketing mix consists of four elements, each of which has its own separate importance. These elements are: Product Price Place Promotion Getting the combination of these elements helps an organization to meet its marketing objective and the need and demands of its targeted market.
2003). These responsibilities together with the meaning and consequences of the precaution principle implementation are among the most intensively debated themes in scholarly community these days. However, despite the ongoing debate which regularly generates controversial findings related to precaution the principle increasingly appears in the international treaties and its relevance has already been strongly established in the public opinion.
This is however subject to the requirement that the said Deed has complied with all the legal formalities for the transfer. Hence, the house "Gatesgarth" is no longer subject to the free disposal of Grant at the time of his death. If Grant really intended to give the house to David, he could have revoked or rescinded the Deed of Transfer earlier made by him in favor of Polly so as to give effect to the provision of his will giving the same house to David.
This essay analyzes the EUREAU Report, that states that pesticide contamination of the natural waters is a problem present in the countries of EU. For Belgium, Netherlands this problem is the most acute. As 65% of Europeans use ground waters for drinking, the seriousness of the problem increases and needs expensive treatment.
What is also significantly important to understand that individual and collective responses to each action and to judge that action’s moral standing is deeply rooted into the generally held beliefs of rationality of
The moral problem in this scenario is whether a police officer should give preference to the demands of his/her or to the ethics of friendship. Snorting cocaine is illegal from the perspective of law because it is harmful for the health of people. “The