It has pertinently been observed that all human societies from most primitive to the most modern ones are socially stratified in one way or the other. This stratification is based upon caste, class, creed, clan, community, tribe, socioeconomic status, gender and age. “Looking…
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wess and clan or family properly introduce an incipient stratification.” (Davis & Moore, 1945: p 242: quoted in Zaidi, 1999: p 29) Age-group is one of the most important factors of social stratification that divides human society into the categories of children, young, middle-aged and elderly. Among these categories the elderly or older people make up a noteworthy proportion of every society and maintain the same significance observed by the young and adult individuals. Researches view ageing as a universal phenomenon that exists in all cultures and societies of the globe. Though old age is assessed and estimated through divergent scales, yet the individuals crossing 60 years of age are stated as old people or senior citizens all over the globe. “Aging is”, Sijuwade observes, “judged by different criterion in different societies. The transition to old age is identified with several factors such as chronological age, ill health, retirement, physical/mental deterioration, and death of spouse. Studies reveal that changes in social role (widowhood, grandparenthood, retirement) and physical health dominate the definition of age identity.” (2009: p 1) Special attention is paid to the cause of elderly in contemporary era and disciplines of gerontological sociology and cultural anthropology have been established, which concentrate upon the study of life, culture and activities of the old people. As ethnography is a branch of cultural anthropology, that discusses human cultural traits in a scientific way, the older people also come in the fold of the study of aged. Political authorities and social welfare organisations aim to strive for the sound health of the population at large. It is the therefore the concerns regarding the falling health and medical problems of the elderly are of great significance for them.
Governmental departments introduce new policies and revise them time and again for the welfare of the elderly. These social reforms, related to the
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On the other hand, the concept of active aging has been emphasized by many as the older population is still able to contribute positively to their families, societies and nations. As pointed out by Borowski, Encel and Ozanne (2007, p. 13) old age should be perceived as “a transition rather than a crisis, with opportunities as well as challenges” and the major challenge before the governmental agencies and the nation as a whole is “to promote healthy and productive ageing and to adjust social structures to include older people as contributors to society.” This call for a radical change in the social construction of older people as well as conducive economic and social policies and pra
In this case, he also emphasizes that perceiving the beautiful is never an easy task, for he must study long to be able to acquaint himself who then laws of beauty. Dresser also contends that “Art-knowledge” actually has high value both to the individual (it brings him riches) and to the country (it saves the nation from impoverishment).
This essay demonstrates that sense of independence is a very important goal for the older people. But the loss of physical function and falls affect the older people’s independence and well-being. Both of these can either be the causes or consequences of each other. Morbidity and disability including falls are positively associated with old age.
This means taking care of children’s body, mind and spirit. Palliative care also involves considering the well-being and giving support to the child’s family. Mostly, palliative care begins after a child is diagnosed with a certain disease. The palliative care continues regardless the fact that the child receives the recommended medical care or not.
This is about 80% more than that of the statistics in 1951. During this period people aged between 65 years to 74 years were around 67%, and those who were 85 or more contributed 4%. Now the percentages are 51% and 14% respectively. UK’s age pattern has substantially changed over the years.
The function of the Sikh religion is to protect society from social and moral degradation and to guide its destiny in such a way as to achieve the greatest good for the largest number of people.There is an internal and external struggle for young Sikhs which stems from the restriction their religion imposes upon them.
Those who are advanced in years appear to have been moved towards the margins of society, to pine away in long-term care homes and other facilities that care for the elderly. Although many of these institutions provide sterling care, it is also true that these patients have suffered terrible abuses at the hands of their caregivers.
According to the report definitions of age and ageing usually revolve around biological grounds. Most often, age is simply defined as the measure of years from birth to demise with a huge disregard to the fact that age plays an important role in how an individual is perceived by himself and the others.
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