The so called emergence of the moves towards privatization of prisons is not representative of the first experience of private involvement in imprisonment. The first private prisons were recorded to be in medieval England wherein prisons are operated to produce a profit. Prisons…
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, they are charged for their food, water, bedding and other daily necessities based on a scale in accordance with their social standing which was used instead of their financial capacity (Faucult 1997, p 97).
A variety of forms of this system which can be seen as an early and bad example of the user pays principle continued in England until the 1780s, when prisoners began to be sent to Australia (Faucult 1997, p. 98). The financial exploitation of prisoners was regular in France and the United States (US) all through much of the nineteenth century, but was significantly extended in the southern states of the US in response to the severe labor scarcity following the Civil War. In the US, convicts were either forced to work under state supervision on railroad construction, mining, lumbering and other areas where free labor was in short supply, or were subleased by the state to entrepreneurs who used them, fundamentally as slaves, on cotton plantations and in factories.
Next to the United States is Australia when it comes to the participation to the era of privatization. The National Party government of Queensland decided to start the operation of the new prison located at Borallon, near Brisbane, controlled by a private company under a management contract. The current Labor government confirmed its decision immediately after coming to power and ever since placed its new remand and reception centre at Wacol, a Brisbane suburb, under private management. New South Wales is the only other Australian State to date to adopt prison privatization. The NSW Liberal Party Government has entered into contract with a private firm for the design, construction and management of a maximum security prison at Junee, which is scheduled to become operational in March 1993 (Logan 1997, p. 112).
A private prison is an institution that is managed by a nongovernment entity on behalf of the state. Logan (1997, p. 113) defined it as a place of confinement management by a private company
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(“Penal policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
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(Penal Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Penal Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1560878-penal-policy.
According to the authors of this article, prisons have an outstanding influence on community-based correction methods and, therefore, to understand their evolution, one needs to consider this connection. As such, the focus of this article is on the development and stability of community based corrections in relation to their exclusive and dynamic relationship with the prison.
In addition there is a very distinct social branding of the crime events in that they are associated with the phrase the 'fear of crime'. In overall terms the crime associated society is seen from a social perspective that is attached an exclusion label to itself and one always avoids entering such a system even if it were as a witness and aid in the arrival of justice.
Criminal Law or Penal Law, shall we say, is made up of a set of systematic ideas and processes which are most always theorized to come up with a logical conclusion as to how the investigating incident occurred and whether it can be considered criminal or civil law.
This differs from civil law in that civil actions are disputes between two parties that are not of significant public concern (Johanson 12).
The process begins, obviously, with an alleged crime. A complainant makes an accusation, which is investigated by the police, acting as agents of the government.
The different penal stations that were established were intended to be places of secondary punishment to service convicts who received sentences for offences committed whilst in the colonies, as well, the penal stations were meant to incarcerate criminals who had committed very serious offences, and who were deemed to require seclusion from the remaining population3.
Once a working definition of “rehabilitation” is agreed upon, the task of the analysis becomes almost impossible, again, in trying to agree upon what “contemporary penal policy” really is. Over the course of this paper, these two issues will be addressed, though never completely resolved.
y not be ideal for criminal justice reform in Canada, the time has come for the Canadian authorities as well as the Canadian public to realize that significant changes to the criminal justice system must occur in the name of justice and due process. While the United States of