Nobody downloaded yet

Privatized Prisons in the US - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Instructor name Date Privatized Prisons in the US Prisons in the United States are plagued by serious problems related to over-crowding such as violence, sexual assault, drugs and poor sanitation. State-run prison systems experience similar problems that other public-sector institutions face due to lack of competition: high costs, poor quality service and inadequate supplies…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Privatized Prisons in the US
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Privatized Prisons in the US"

Download file to see previous pages This discussion will look into the advantages and disadvantages regarding both systems. The private prison experiment has lasted nearly three decades in the U.S., long enough to make conclusions about the effectiveness and overall impact on state and local governments. Privatized prisons have experienced dynamic growth in recent years but the concept, at least in part, has been around for a long time. During the 1800’s, some states entered into contracts with private groups to lease inmate labor. Leasing prisoners occurred on a fairly routine basis but the system and the inmates, as might be expected, were subject to widespread abuses. Because of this, the prisoner lease system came to an end in 1920’s during the Progressive Era. Until recently the fast growth in the prison and jail populations generated extraordinary opportunities for entrepreneurs to own and operate prisons beginning in the 1980s. The concept of privatization became a topic of public discussion in the mid-1980s, when the newly formed Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) proposed to the State of Tennessee’s to operate its entire prison system. The State paid CCA $250 million dollars on a 99-year deal. In return, CCA would lodge the state’s prisoners for an annually negotiated per-inmate payment. In addition, CCA would insure that the prisons it operated would meet the criterion establish by the same federal judge who had earlier determined that the state’s prison system violated of the U.S. Constitution due to the sub-standard conditions of confinement. (McDonald, et al. 1998) CCA’s relationship with Tennessee started the privatization boom that spread across the nation. Other states were experiencing similar issues with overcrowding and the problems associated with it therefore happy to hand the operation of prisons over to an outside entity. Many have questioned the legality of privatization, arguing the practice does not square with e Constitution. While the legality of governments assigning correctional authority to private corporations was broadly argued in the 1980s, it now seems that opposition to prison privatization, at least on a constitutional basis, has no merit. Unless a government has positively no convincing statutory authority for entering into contracts with private prison companies, courts will be hesitant to nullify those contacts on grounds of delegation. “Only delegated rulemaking and adjudication functions that directly purport to exercise a government power are deemed to require special constitutional due process safeguards and to be subject to heightened judicial scrutiny.” (McDonald, et al. 1998) No clear case law has been developed to define with precision how general due process standards will be applied to private prisons. The U.S. has the higher incarceration rate than any other in the world and is paying more than $3 billion a year to the private prison industry. These two facts are interrelated in an intentional and disturbing way. According to a study recently completed by the Justice Policy Institute (JPI), America’s two largest private prison corporations, GEO Group and CCA collectively pocketed annual incomes of $2.9 billion in 2010. The JPI issued a report based on the study called “Gaming the System.” It reveals that during the past decade, the number of prisoners housed in private ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Privatized Prisons in the US Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Privatized Prisons in the US Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1438698-should-privatized-prisons-be-legal
(Privatized Prisons in the US Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
Privatized Prisons in the US Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words. https://studentshare.org/law/1438698-should-privatized-prisons-be-legal.
“Privatized Prisons in the US Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1438698-should-privatized-prisons-be-legal.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Privatized Prisons in the US

Proposal Argument - Overcrowded Prisons

...? Overcrowded Prisons The world of today is experiencing one of the prime and biggest enormities that relates to crime, which is increasing and rising at a rampant pace. The countries and its legal, justice and political systems have developed a set of rules and regulations for the citizens, maintenance of peace and prosperity, and for the growth and development of the county. These rules are obligatory for all the citizens to follow. The activities and accomplishments that offend and violate the rules and regulations of the country lead a person to criminal acts and committing crimes. The reasons that people involve themselves into such behaviors and actions may include their social status, mental aspects and sometimes...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Corrections and Prisons

...? U.S. Courts and Criminal System The United s Court System The United s courts system is under the judiciary and has the responsibility of meeting the changing national and local needs of its citizens as guided by the law. They are charged with interpreting and implementing the law (Miller & Gaines, 2012). With the help of the correctional officers like the police, the military and the prisons department, they maintain law and order in the country and states in which they exist. The court system in the United States is divided into the federal governments and the state governments which are administratively different from each other (Miller & Gaines, 2012). The courts act independent of the legislature and the executive... . The jury is...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Private prisons

...grows. The amenities offered by private prison have the capacity to increase the size of their buildings so that they can arrange the building parts so that they can be utilized for different purposes. For instance, a huge room with a closed room can be used as a gym or a dormitory. This is easily achieved in private prisons as private prisons don’t need permission for rather urgent small tasks. The opponents say that this type of regulation and restriction at private prisons is unacceptable for several prisoners, and will take in fewer offenses in comparison to more...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Britain's privatized railway system

...bid, against others, to own a franchise was another benefit of British Rail’s privatization. This led to firms trying to utilize competition strategies that were not based on price with investment in R&D so as to use innovation as a way of improving market share (Smith, 2006: p10). This helped the firms to become more efficient dynamically with an increase in service quality. It also provided for a new investment source for projects in the infrastructure sector, especially since borrowing in the public sector had been limited by time. This was particularly so in relation to demands that other sectors were placing on the British exchequer. However, soon after privatization, trouble begun...
5 Pages(1250 words)Literature review

Private Prisons

...ASSIGNMENT PRIVATE PRISONS The U.S. holds 25 % of the world's prison population but only 5 % of the world's population. This huge number of prison population stretches the state run facilities and has given birth to the private prison industry. From just about 5 private facilities in 1987, the number of private prisons has soared to over 264 facilities housing over 99,000 inmates. (2) There are three major profit making corporations running the facilities, housing about 7 % of total prison population, which can be called 'private'. As the profit trend of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sexual Assualt in the US Prisons

...institutions also exists. Numerous women are victims of sexual assaults or abuse in prisons and penal facilities across America. The male staff and the male prison authorities usually perpetrate this abuse. 10Female inmates in the US complain of the male staff touching the female inmates' breasts or private parts when these inmates undergo searches. Some male staff also watch inmates when they are naked and many of them become victims of sexual assault or rape. A majority of these complaints involves the male staff of the prison facility. This is against the international standards of penal system because prisons and jails in the...
16 Pages(4000 words)Dissertation

Malnutrition in US Prisons

...MALNUTRITION IN US PRISONS It is not unusual to hear the phrase “prison food” spoken with some tone of derision and equated with sloppy and bad food. While one could scarcely expect the meals provided for criminals serving their punishments to be gourmet, fancy or something to that effect, it is only natural and humane to think that they must be decent and nourishing at the least. This point is particularly significant with the growing claims that prison food is unhealthy. This paper will investigate this issue in detail. Budget and Dietary Information Per Meal Ideally, prison food should be healthy. The American penal system has adopted a dietary model in the past 30 years that is characterized by strict nutritional guidelines... for this...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Emergency Preparedness in US Prisons and Public-Private Partnerships

...Emergency Preparedness in US Prisons and Public-Private Partnerships By Emergency Preparedness in US Prisons andPublic-Private Partnerships Contents Contents 2 Abstract 3 Emergencies are difficult to predict and even where they are predicted, the outcomes can rarely be precisely anticipated. Prisoners in particular are a unique problem for prison staff in that prisons are already on high alert for prison-like emergencies such as riots, hostage situations, and more importantly prison escapes. Complicating matters for prisons, overcrowding...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper

Supermax Prisons

... Supermax Prisons The article, “From Alcatraz to Marion to Florence - Control Unit Prisons in the United s” is a very enlightening piece of material about the history of supermax prison in the United States. It gives a description of the ongoing conditions at USP Marion. It provides information on the replacement of Marion to a control unit prison in Florence, Colorado. The article revealed that all over the US, a number of state prisons have mimicked the Marion. The control unit prison’s defining features were enumerated to better understand these supermax prisons (Committee to End the Marion Lockdown (CEML) , par 2). The first feature of a control unit prison is that prisoners are kept in solitary confinement in tiny cells... , there is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Criminology- prisons

...of such prison officers there is an environment of bitterness, hatred and malice in the prisons and the prisoners carry these feelings when they leave the prison. Types of Prison Officers The response and attitude of the prison officers vary, for example, some prison officers especially the senior ones may offer little emotional support but are reliable and trustworthy individuals who respond to the needs of the prisoners. These prison officers used their legitimate power and personal authority to maintain control and order in the prisons (Liebling...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Privatized Prisons in the US for FREE!

Contact Us