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Most of the individuals who commit murder are males. In 2005, the males were ten times more likely to commit murder than females (U.S. Department of Justice 2007). Since 1976, the male individuals have been very dominant in committing murder and in 1980s and 1990s the males were 20 times more likely to commit murder than females. Since the early 1980s, the offending rates of the females declined and became constant after 1999 (U.S. Department of Justice 2007). In 1976, the homicide rate for male offences began at 16.3 per 100,000 (U.S. Department of Justice 2007) of population which remained constant till the next year. The rate increased to 20.6 (U.S. Department of Justice 2007) in the early 1980s and then fell to around 15 percent in 1985. These statistics for males and females offence rates are summarized in Figure 1.
The biggest reason for the male dominance in homicide offence is that the males are largely involved in drug abuse and overuse of alcohol. When these individuals are drunk or drugged, their ability to make decisions is diminished and the risk of committing crime increases. Killing done by men, which related to drugs accounted to almost 95% offences while for females, it was only around 5% (U.S. Department of Justice 2007). This shows the correlation between drugged men and homicide is very high. Gang wars and gang related offences are big contributors to homicide. The victims of gang related homicides are 95% males and the offenders are about 98 percent (U.S. Department of Justice 2007), which shows us that most of the individuals who are part of gangs are males.
Males are more likely than females to step into arguments with their neighbors, acquaintances and even strangers. Males are also more likely to become revengeful and lose temper than women. This causes them to take revenge from the victims in the form of murder. Therefore we can see a clear and
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The phrase malice aforethought connotes the mental state of a person who voluntarily and without legal reason does an act that will normally cause death or serious injury to another individual. Aforethought has been defined to mean malice must exist at the material tome of the homicidal act.
Homicide is a category of crimes that involve the unlawful termination of a life of a human being. The category includes criminal acts of killings namely; murder (usually classified as first and second degrees), manslaughter (classified into voluntary and involuntary), infanticide as well as other statutory forms of homicide. Statutory homicide forms are those that are designated by the state through statutes, some of which include; vehicular homicide and negligent homicide.
This indicates that official statistics treat successful and failed murders as a single category, in which homicide is defined and convictions are made based on the assaults intended to be fatal regardless of outcome, plus assaults that were fatal regardless of intent.
This is possibly the reason why in the documentation of the crime and offence statistics by His Majesty’s Home Office, the documentation for England and Wales are separated from Northern Ireland and Scotland. In this analytical paper, we focus on the offence of manslaughter.
Puerto Rico is ranked third in United States, when compared to other states in regard to homicide cases. Several theories have been used to evaluate the causes for such high rate of homicides in Puerto Rico. Theories like social organization, strain, labeling, etc.
Until 1995, the United States experienced a steady rise in homicides every year since 1960, when 9,110 homicides were recorded. The greatest increase occurred between the mid-1980s and early 1990s. In 1985, the Department of Justice recorded 18,980 homicides, a number that climbed to 24,530 in 1993.
While the common way to define race within the American experience is based on skin color, the 'race relations' between African-Americans and Caucasian-Americans will be the focus of this research of current literature. The conditions that contribute to the commission of the crime of homicide when perpetrated from one member of a 'race' against another can have a deeper foundation within the cultural surroundings of the social groups from which the participants, both offender and victim, are associated.
This paper will examine a homicide dealing with Rape (Josh Bagwell, Curtis Gambill and Randy Lee Wood), Rage (Betty Broderick), Robbery (Diane Borchardt) and Random (Charles Whitman).
On October 3, 1996, Heather Rich’s parents reported her
In fact, it could be stated that in most cases it is an issue of personal attitude of a particular person. The situation is rather similar between adults and teenagers, however in case of juvenile’s criminal behaviour (especially when