Semantic dementia, in a nutshell, is characterized by the deterioration of one’s semantic memory – that which deals with meaning, understanding, and concept-based knowledge in general – while other cognitive functions remain intact (The Brain From Top to Bottom, accessed…
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It is associated with a number of conditions such as surface dyslexia, which will also be discussed in this paper. This paper’s objectives, therefore, are to discuss in detail the symptoms of both conditions, as well as the results of a case study conducted testing the correlation of the two. Also intended is an objective discussion of the case study’s strengths and weaknesses, especially where the results are concerned.
The Association for Frontotemporal Dementias (accessed 12/01/09) further explains that those with semantic dementia retain the ability to speak fluently, but that they become more and more unable to express themselves intelligibly. Specifically, in the latter stages, they start to lose their understanding of even basic words – a serious impediment to communication, to be sure. In time, they start to experience behavioral, social and motor difficulties as well – all of which are common to FTDs in general.
Dyslexia in general, adds Valerie Suydam (2008), is a language disorder in which one diagnosed has difficulty reading and/or writing properly, and is distinguishable from normal reading mistakes in that a dyslexic individual tends to commit the same mistake repeatedly. It has an equal chance of manifesting in both genders and of all intelligences. In particular, surface, or orthographic dyslexia, is a subtype in which words are pronounced the way they are spelled (such as “stra-yigt” for “straight”). This, according to Elise Caccappolo-van Viet et al (2004), is more prevalent in such languages as English and French due to the relationship of orthography with phonology – few words are spelled the same way they are pronounced.
According to Anna Woolams et al (2007), the most glaring sign of surface dyslexia is the regularization error – words which are supposed to have exceptional spelling-to-sound correspondences are instead read according to how the word looks like it should be pronounced, rather than
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According to the paper neural development is a crucial aspect of the human psyche and as an individual keeps on growing the structure of the brain becomes more and more complex. The structural complexity of the human brain is an indicator that the individual’s abilities and control over his bodily functioning has become more sophisticated, and the psychological functioning is more intricate.
Ellis (1962) expounded on this, stating that irrational beliefs is a contributing factor to mental disorders. Beck’s cognitive theory (1967, 1976) theorizes that mental disorders, such as anxiety and depression, are maintained by distorted thoughts at three levels.
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It proceeds into the impact upon identification and assessment of dyslexia, then the main characteristics of the disorder, and finally the implications of labelling for the child/young person, parent and professional.
Dyslexia research has a broad scope covering developmental dyslexia, in which reading skills has not matured properly; and acquired dyslexia, in which dyslexia originates as a brain insult causing disruption of an already established skill, like reading (Gardiola 2001).
in of the child and such a child actually needs special teaching and help so that normal learning can happen in school and the child can come out in flying colors in his life. Teachers play a major role in the detection, evaluation and management of dyslexic children and hence
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