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A literature review of hronic Fatigue Syndrome/ Myalic Encephalomyelites ( or encephalopathy, and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy/Psychotherapy - Essay Example

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Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a poorly understood condition and affects 250000 people in the UK and more than 1 million people in the United States by a new estimate just about to be published by the CDC (CFS, NHS; Harder, 2006). Known also as myalgic encephalomyelitis, CFS…
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A literature review of hronic Fatigue Syndrome/ Myalic Encephalomyelites ( or encephalopathy, and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy/Psychotherapy
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Download file to see previous pages Children of 13-15 are also found to be affected. (CFS, NHS). Cognitive impairments are found in a large proportion of CFS patients: about 75-95 % of them (DeLuca, 2004). The research aims at discovering the effects of CBT specifically targeted at reducing the sustained arousal in CFS patients. The literature review is focusing on the illness, its diagnosis, aetiopathogenesis, the hypotheses involved, the diagnosis, the treatment and the advantages of CBT in CFS.
Work-related impairments in CFS included difficulty in learning new matter and remembering how to use it, keeping appointments and maintaining concentration are some of the practical difficulties faced by CFS patients (Attree, 2009). Apart from anxiety, depression and illness intrusiveness, cognitive impairments like retrospective memory deficits and concentration difficulties are found. These problems are believed to be due to reduced or delayed information processing (Attree, 2009). All tasks that are used to compare CFS patients and controls may not always show up the deficits in CFS patients. However timed tasks may show cognitive deficits (DeLuca et al, 2004). Word lists are learnt over a longer time period and fewer items are retrieved in a delayed recall test. Initial learning and subsequent ability to retrieve information is disturbed in CFS patients. Prospective memory for retrieval was studied in women with CFS using a virtual reality environment by Attree and her colleagues (2009). Prospective memory refers to the “remembering to carry out intended actions at an appropriate point in the future.”(Attree, 2009).
No cure is available for this illness; management consists of relieving the symptoms exhibited. Mild, moderate and severe varieties have been identified based on symptoms. Mild cases are self-treated and a few days absence from work to rest would be sufficient to allow the patient to continue (CFS, NHS). Moderate cases have a mobility problem and disturbed ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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