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ilization of anti-bureaucratic sentiments and the claim that it is time to say good-bye to bureaucracies and bureaucrats just another round in a perennial debate and ideological struggle over what desirable forms of administration and government are--that is, a contest for control of the size, agenda, organization, competences, moral foundations, staffing, resources, and outcomes of the public sector? If so, how helpful is the literature on "bureaucracy" in analyzing current administrative challenges, compared to the diagnoses and prescriptions presented by reformers over the last twenty-five years?
The paper acknowledges that there have been important changes in public administration and, even more so, in the way administration is portrayed. Yet it questions the fashionable ideas that bureaucratic organization is obsolescent and that there has been a paradigmatic shift from (Weberian) bureaucracy to market organization or network organization. (1) In contrast to decades of bureaucracy bashing, the paper argues that contemporary democracies are involved in a struggle over institutional identities and institutional balances. It also argues that for those interested in how contemporary public administration is organized, functions, and changes, it is worthwhile to reconsider and rediscover bureaucracy as an administrative form, an analytical concept, and a set of ideas and observations about public administration and formally organized institutions.
The argument is developed in the following way: First, some characteristics of bureaucratic organization are outlined. Second, claims about the undesirability of bureaucracy are discussed in relation to competing criteria of success/failure and assumptions about the performance of bureaucratic organization. Third, aspects of administrative dynamics and the viability of bureaucratic organization are inquired, and fourth, some reasons for rediscovering bureaucracy are recapitulated.
"Bureaucracy" is often used as a
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They present to the mind indelible encounters with rigid and insensitive clerks, standing in long queues and long, difficult forms. Seemingly, all bureaucracies share related characteristics, including hierarchical organization, specialization, and formal rules.
It can be said as irrational if the bureaucracy is considered as a system of structural rules and principles which actually declines the psychological well being of people who work in the organization. In other words, rationality can be admitted in the organization where bureaucracy is practiced.
Of all of these elements organizational structure is of prime importance. In fact when organizational structure is determined it is usually done on a long term planning horizon and its selection decides and shapes the remaining elements. If one has a bureaucratic form of organization then all the remaining organizational elements would be determined by this structure.
rs, we should all be witness to, and participate in, the end of bureaucracy and the rise of new social systems better able to cope with twentieth-century demands”.
The term bureaucracy is generally used to refer to hierarchical structure of the workforce and management of an
Bureaucracies have been criticized for obstinacy, perplexity and inefficiency. Excessive bureaucracy’s dehumanizing influence formed a major theme in Franz Kafka’s work. In modern managerial theory, unnecessary
Weber wrote a rationale in a bid to describe bureaucratic leadership as being the most efficient way of organizing governmental agencies. In this rationale, there is an advent of six key elements associated by
About bureaucracy, usually, the people in leadership are not the ones chosen or elected by the public. Also, their day to day performance is evaluated since they report to their immediate boss, hence no bias opinions unlike in an anti-bureaucratic system where the people in leadership can place their relatives in any requested unit.
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