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Journal Summary - Essay Example

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H. Maslow developed his theory on the basis of human needs. He was of the opinion that human behaviour is directed towards the satisfaction of human needs. He proposed that human needs can be arranged in a particular order from the lowest to the highest. Maslow…
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Download file to see previous pages These needs imply the needs for self-preservation and economic independence. These are the needs for being free from physical danger, threat and deprivation.
Man is a social animal. He therefore wants association, belonging, friendship, love and affection. These are the need to seek affiliation and affection of one’s fellow beings. People form informal groups to seek meaningful association, companionship.
This implies ‘a desire to become more and more of what one is, to become everything that one is capable of.’ It involves self-fulfilment or achieving what one considers to be his mission in life. It urges an individual to realize his full potential for continued self development and for being creative in the broader sense of the world.
Maslow pointed out that the first three categories are lower level needs. The remaining two are higher order needs. He states that the needs have a definite sequence of priority. They arise in certain order of preference and not randomly. Safety needs do not dominate behaviour until physiological needs are satisfied. Man is a wanting animal. He always continues to want something or the other. He is never satisfied. If one need is satisfied, another takes its place. If one need is satisfied it ceases to be a motivating factor. Thus, if lower level needs are satisfied an individual can be motivated only by satisfying his higher level needs. Physiological and security needs are finite while the other needs are to a large extent infinite. Maslow suggests that the various needs levels are interdependent and overlapping, each higher level need emerging before the lower level need has been completely satisfied. Finally, Maslow points out that an individual may jumble the order and importance of the needs according to his preference.
Motivation theory is concerned with the employee’s needs and preferences. Frederick Herzberg and his associates conducted ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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