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Many of them believe that diseases and illnesses are forms of punishment from the gods from making them angry. Some believed that if a person plays his part in his environment and conduct himself so as to please the gods he will be spared from illnesses and misfortunes. Others believe that these are a part of the cycle of life. In earlier times their little contact with the wider society helped to form some of their beliefs.
Traditionally, the Indians put diseases into two general classifications. One was diseases that were termed as environmental causes such as injuries, intestinal disorders and rheumatism (Trafzer 96). These were illnesses and diseases that could be attributed to apparent causes. The treatment for these types of illnesses was found in the natural environment. This included animals, medicinal plants, and minerals. Many of these natural remedies were kept in every home and a knowledgeable family member would use the appropriate remedy to according to the disease or illness.
The second type of disease was that caused by supernatural forces. The causes of these diseases were not as apparent or easy to determine as the former category of diseases and illnesses. The Indians had their own health personnel to cure these illnesses. The healer had to possess certain characteristics before he was allowed to practice. One of the major qualifications was to be honest, brave and humble. These practitioners were also called to intervene in the treatment of those who had illnesses that were not readily cured by normal home remedies. Some of the methods used by the practitioners or tribal healers were charms, dances and prayers. The tribal healers are normally in possession of paraphernalia including animal parts. These were supposed to ward of evil spirits. The Indian believed in a number of supernatural causes of diseases. Prevalent among these causes were sorcery, taboo violation, and soul loss. They believed that any illness is
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The Expectations of English Colonists in Chesapeake and New England. Captain John Smith had in fact challenged the rationale of the English attempt to Christianize, civilize, and educate Native American Indians. This fact attests to the possibility that the people of Chesapeake and New England in the 16th and 17th centuries were not as the English colonists initially expected: uncivilized, uneducated, and irreverent.
This culture had unique values and practices which governed the way they associated with each other and the environment. However, the arrival of the Europeans and the consequent colonization impacted negatively on the social setup and lifestyle of this group of people.
Their type of governance made the earliest land inhabitants suppose that they hardly had any governments. However, that was not the case as their government structures were founded on principles that their predecessors had a hard time comprehending. From the Stone Age period through to the congregation with the Europeans, the North America original settlers survived majorly as hunters and gatherers.
However, there exists no real evidence to prove their origin. This is because their traditions vary from one group to another and have an unsatisfying conjecture. This community has unity, and they have physical features that run throughout the entire race.
Nevertheless, despite the problems confronting the Modern American Indians at present, the richness of their history and culture as well as a positive perspective regarding their present problems still define the Modern American Indians as one of the greatest ethnic groups in the world.
Many native communities were divided over which side to support in the war (Native Americans). Native American Indians were surprised to learn that when the British made peace with the Americans in the Treaty of Paris (1783), the British had ceded a vast amount of Native American Indian territory to the United States without even informing their Native American Indian allies (Native Americans).
Throughout the historical records, many American Indians have been repeatedly exposed to self destructive and illegal behavior. Such conducts have been repetitively attributed to the exposure to heavy alcoholic and illicit substance abuse.
ides the English, the French and the Dutch shared a common goal of establishing colonies in the land primarily inhabited by indigenous people whose way of living significantly differed from the lifestyle and economy of the people of Europe.
To learn the means to disrupt the