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African countries have been the world’s leading source of immigrants for centuries. As Okome (2005) states, the ceaseless civil wars, communal riots, famine and military sabotage in African countries including Ethiopia, Nigeria, Liberia, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra have been providing the world with thousands of refugees every year. Among these, a major portion is accommodated by the US. Nigerian civil war, Somalia conflict, Liberian civil war and the Eritrean-Ethiopian war also caused intense immigration to western countries and to the US (Okome, 2005). Since religious and ethnic conflicts have increased more than ever before, people in many parts of the world are under the threat of anytime forced migration. In other words, ‘ethnically and politically divided states, unstable and corrupt governments and political systems, and dictatorships, lack of civility, increased lawlessness’ (Cox & Pawar (2005 p.277), are the major causes of forced migration.
In addition, certain environmental factors also cause massive migration in various parts of the world. For instance, natural phenomena such as sea level rise, hurricanes and typhoons, drought, wildfire, heat waves, volcanoes, and earthquakes make millions of people ecological refugees every year.
Furthermore, governments’ infrastructure projects such as building of dams, roads or tourist resorts often demand forced migration. World Bank estimates that 90 million people were displaced in the 1990s as a result of infrastructure projects (Digby B, 2001p.167). Therefore a few causes of immigration such as globalization, financial policies, and infrastructure modification are closely associated with global change.
The recent developments like globalization and the subsequent economic growth and downfalls also contributed to the extraordinary level of migration. Obviously, Globalization exposed a new world of opportunities to the people of African Continent and
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The story is all about crossing or not crossing. It relates to a physical journey of a family in search of a fulfilling future, however, it can also be said that Crossing Over is about their mental journey as well, as they travel through different geographical routes.
The basic fact of immigration is that it has always been a reality, and the various types of benefits of immigration can be realized as the fundamental reason behind ever growing figure of immigration. Significantly, immigration is an international phenomenon and reality, and almost all the nations of the world are affected by this global phenomenon.
One of the most recent laws passed, which created much controversy, is the SB 1070, or the Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act, which does not only enforce stricter laws on immigration, but even made it a misdemeanor crime for aliens not to posses all of the required legal documents when in the state of Arizona.
People, however, still immigrate, moving from their native countries to other countries with the aim of settling in the new places. This paper explores positive effects of immigration with the aim of presenting an argument for immigration. Positive effects of immigration Immigration is a major concern in developed countries that experience an influx of immigrants from developing countries.
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Their migration has had an impact in the American’s population, economy, businesses, as well as work force where they are seen as better employees. This has lead to the government coming up with policies that govern hiring of the undocumented
In as much as a substantial number of immigrants came to the United States from 1900 to 1929, it is important to note that the number of immigrants slightly reduced in 1914 due to the occurrence of World War
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