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The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized .
The Fourth Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights which guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. It was ratified as a response to the abuse of the writ of assistance which was a type of general search warrant in the American Revolution. It specified that any warrant must be judicially sanctioned for a search or an arrest in order for such a warrant to be considered reasonable. Warrants must be supported by probable cause and be limited in scope according to specific information supplied by a person. It only applies to governmental actors and to criminal law . An example would be if a warrant is issued for child porn on an individual’s computer, but finds records of embezzlement, the embezzlement records could not be used in a court of law. The exception is if the police could justify obtaining a warrant to search the computer for records of embezzlement.
The Fourth Amendment interposes a magistrate as an impartial arbiter between the defendant and the police. The magistrate may issue a search warrant if the magistrate or judge is convince that probable cause exists to support a belief that evidence of a crime is located at the premises. The officer must prepare an affidavit that describes the basis for probable cause and the affidavit must limit the area to be searched and evidence searched for. The warrant thus gives the police only a limited right to violate a citizen’s privacy. If the police exceed that limited right, or if a warrant is required, but the police have not first obtained
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This includes internet in prime, the portable devices, information trackers, and other sources that could affect the individuals, organizations, and their assets. Computer Forensic is the best solution against all these acts and it enables a care free life.
The convergence of that technology and the continued use of computers globally have brought about many benefits to mankind. However, the tremendous technical development in computers provides avenues for abuse and opportunities for committing crimes. New risks and social harm to users o f these computers has also increased.
The author states that computer forensics can be defined in many ways. Though, normally, computer forensics is recognized as a method utilized for the analytical analysis and investigative methods to identify, gather, inspect and preserve information and evidence which is magnetically encoded or stored.
Therefore, many organizations have digital forensic techniques in place which are designed to trackback unauthorized intrusions and attacks and identify their source. Quoting from the FBI, Oseles (2001) quite effectively highlights the importance of computer forensics by defining it as "the science of obtaining, protecting, retrieving, and presenting information that has been processed electronically and stored on computer." As indicated in this definition, computer forensics involves the extraction of information which is invariably embedded on a computer or network's storage system and deciphering it for the purposes of constructing a chain of events which led to the unauthorized intrus
At the same time techniques had been developing and requirements for checks expanding. The forensic Science division had become unable to meet the demands made by the
Like using the computer and composite software to do facial composites in 1988 using the VISATEX system.
Investigations are normally carried out with the objective of determining what caused the incident or accident to happen. Forensic refers to the process of using science and technology in carrying out investigations and establishing facts about a case filed in a court of law.
orensic by Guidance Software we got that EnCase Forensic is an industry standard in computer forensic investigation technology which comprise so many qualities regarding forensic examination like: this forensic software is an advanced analytics, perceptive GUI, enhanced
Several subjects that include evidence imaging, e-mail investigations, data recovery, analysis of file structures, hidden and deleted file recovery, password recovery, and decryption of encrypted data in addition to forensics visualization, which are
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