Theoretical Orientation: Existentialism - Essay Example

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Therefore many times it is not even considered as philosophy. Existentialism considers individual’s existence to be the basic reference point rather than the universe, as considered by…
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Theoretical Orientation: Existentialism
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Download file to see previous pages rnshaw, 2007) Existentialism as a concept is focused on a human being’s search for a meaning of his life.  According to the philosophy human beings are essentially self-made personality, choosing and acting accordingly within the framework of the existing environment. (Gerald. 2004)  
Existential Counseling is rooted within the basic philosophy of Existentialism, where an individual is considered to be the author of his or her own life. Existential Counseling/ Therapy is different from other practiced psychotherapy in that it does not follow any specific framework and techniques unlike others. According to Gerald Coley, it can be described best as a philosophical approach wherein therapeutic practice is been undertaken by the counselor/practitioner. It rejects the idea of human nature being restricted by various theories and propagates the idea of freedom in human nature. It considers that each individual is different in nature and should be considered differently, in accordance with the situations s/he experienced and the worldview s/he holds. (Corey, 2008) The philosophy denounces the deterministic approach undertaken by other psychotherapeutic counseling where individual problem and situations are categorized according to preset psychological types, terms and theories. The “Inward Frame of Reference” approach followed by the “Existential Counselors” which helps the client solve their problem with their own answers is the main issue of Existentialism. 
Existential Approach considers human being as a product of their choices rather than the product of the situations they experienced. Thus, it is the person him/herself who is responsible for his/her life. Human development according to this theory is a natural phenomenon affecting the wellness and health of a person. Any problems or dysfunction arising in one’s development therefore can be overcome by the inputs from one’s own life. The Existential Counselor in such cases would only help the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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...? Existentialism This essay is focused on the attitudes of the great philosophers to the issue of existentialism. On the example of Holocaust, the issue of existentialism, a problem of coexistence of God and an individual and the way the basic concepts of an individual’s stages of existence, such as “freedom”, “responsibility” and “suffering” are considered. In their views, Buber, Levinas, Wiesel and Frankl have expressed different views concerning the relations between God and a man under oppressive conditions of Holocaust. Buber claimed that God did not reveal his presence in the XX century. Otherwise occurrence of Auschwitz would hardly happen. Levinas claimed that human existence in...
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...Instruction: Task: Existentialism The debate of the existence of God has been around for a long time and is still in progress. There arealso different philosophies that guide these conflicting opinions. This is in terms of the existing principles and doctrines that influence humanity to believe in a deity. That is why Miguel de Unamuno in his controversial philosophical work, ‘Tragic Sense of Life’ contradicts the earlier works of Karl Mark and Sigmund Freud (Unamuno 157). He takes both existentialistic and theistic perspectives to explain man’s attachment to nature without faith and reason. Tragic Sense of Life by Miguel de Unamuno is a philosophical work that borders on the doctrines of existentialism....
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... Instruction: Task: Existentialism There are different and interesting aspects of existentialism that reflect on the life of human beings. This begins with the feelings of anger, despair, absurdity and facticity among others. Therefore, according to famous existentialists such as Jean Sartre, Albert Camus and Soren Kierkegaad, existentialism is a philosophy that its existence comes before essence. In other words, a human being is first an individual before other labels, roles or stereotypes (Flynn 156). This suggests that human beings should always act under their own consciousness in order to establish their values. This also entail the determination of the meaning their lives in relation to the existing environment. In that case... , there...
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...nature and it is only later that we construct our own nature or essence through our actions. In other words, it means, our Existence, through our act of free self creation, defines our Essence. The existentialist philosophy strongly suggests that the identity of any person cannot be found by examining what other people are like, but only in what that particular person has done. This implies that, we have no predetermined nature that controls what we are, or what we do. The key concepts that govern the theoretical philosophy of existentialism are Existence precedes Essence, Facticity, The Absurd, Authenticity, Angst, Despair and Opposition to Positivism and Rationalism. The theme of Existence precedes...
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... Existentialism Viktor Emil Frankl (1905-1997) One of the proponents of Existentialism is Viktor Emil Frankl who established a form of Existential Analysis known as the logotherapy or the “Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy.” He majored in the field of neurology and psychiatry which can be considered as the main inspiration for the academic and career path that he chose to explore. The accumulation of data and information was published in his book Man’s Search for Meaning in 1946 (Pytell 281-282; Frankl and Allport 101). Based on the results of the study that he had undertaken, man is in a constant quest for the meaning of existence. For that matter, he explored the said journey of every man focusing on the lives of his... and events...
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Revision of Theoretical Orientation: Existentialism

...Theoretical Orientation: Existentialism Existentialism is a philosophical school that argues life as no meaning and that, particularly; human existence is limited and contingent, ungrounded and thrown in the world without justification. (Tomer, Eliason, and Wong 2007, pp. 8) This thought may appear to be pessimistic and dark but this is not the case. The significance of existentialism is anchored on the argument that because life is devoid of meaning, then individuals can now create meaning and live authentically through the choices and decisions they make. Existentialism considers individual’s existence to be the basic reference point...
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... 17 November Existentialism Existentialism, ina wider implication, is a philosophical belief or movement which considers that the origin of all philosophical thinking is experience. Existentialism believes that moralistic views and scientific perspective of things are not enough for someone to understand the meaning of life and existence; and, there is a need for “authenticity” or “being true to one’s own personality, spirit and character” (Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, “Authenticity”) in order to understand human existence. Furthermore, it rests on the impression that every person is naturally dynamic; therefore, every individual demonstrates inevitability for change (Mullarkey & Lord 309). In other words, existentialism... is a...
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...Existentialism Affiliation: This is a philosophical term that focuses on the human being and his thinking as a person with emotions and attitude and not just as subject of what others say or think about him. It focuses on the concept of existence coming before essence which means that it focuses on the individual and his independent and conscious thinking as well as acting responsibly and not merely as a product of preconceived notions, stereotypes and labels attached to him or assigned to him by others. What matters in the end is what one thinks about one self, values and acts based on his own consciousness about the meaning of their life. An existentialist is bound by the concept of freedom where the decision one makes... is not...
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Theoretical Orientation

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