Theoretical Orientation: Existentialism - Essay Example

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Therefore many times it is not even considered as philosophy. Existentialism considers individual’s existence to be the basic reference point rather than the universe, as considered by…
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Theoretical Orientation: Existentialism
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Download file to see previous pages rnshaw, 2007) Existentialism as a concept is focused on a human being’s search for a meaning of his life.  According to the philosophy human beings are essentially self-made personality, choosing and acting accordingly within the framework of the existing environment. (Gerald. 2004)  
Existential Counseling is rooted within the basic philosophy of Existentialism, where an individual is considered to be the author of his or her own life. Existential Counseling/ Therapy is different from other practiced psychotherapy in that it does not follow any specific framework and techniques unlike others. According to Gerald Coley, it can be described best as a philosophical approach wherein therapeutic practice is been undertaken by the counselor/practitioner. It rejects the idea of human nature being restricted by various theories and propagates the idea of freedom in human nature. It considers that each individual is different in nature and should be considered differently, in accordance with the situations s/he experienced and the worldview s/he holds. (Corey, 2008) The philosophy denounces the deterministic approach undertaken by other psychotherapeutic counseling where individual problem and situations are categorized according to preset psychological types, terms and theories. The “Inward Frame of Reference” approach followed by the “Existential Counselors” which helps the client solve their problem with their own answers is the main issue of Existentialism. 
Existential Approach considers human being as a product of their choices rather than the product of the situations they experienced. Thus, it is the person him/herself who is responsible for his/her life. Human development according to this theory is a natural phenomenon affecting the wellness and health of a person. Any problems or dysfunction arising in one’s development therefore can be overcome by the inputs from one’s own life. The Existential Counselor in such cases would only help the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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