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Hobbes - Book Report/Review Example

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Leviathan, one of the most celebrated works by Thomas Hobbes makes an essential contribution to the understanding of man in a detailed way and the author provides his enlightening ideas concerning man in the first part of the book, under the title “Of Man”. Hobbes provides…
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Hobbes Leviathan, one of the most celebrated works by Thomas Hobbes makes an essential contribution to the understanding of man in a detailed way andthe author provides his enlightening ideas concerning man in the first part of the book, under the title “Of Man”. Hobbes provides an illumining picture of human beings in the first four chapters of the opening part of the book and the author deals with the various aspects of man which contribute to the diversity of his appearance. Thus, the first chapter, “Of Sense”, gives an account of the idea of sense in the making of man and the second chapter by the title “Of Imagination”, is concerned with another important faculty of man, imagination. “Of the Consequences or TRAYNE of Imaginations”, the third chapter deals with the consequences or TRAYNE of thoughts of imagination and the fourth chapter, called “Of Speech”, with speech and its various aspects. According to Hobbes, the faculty of sense is the most essential element of a man as it is with the assistance of sense that man makes important conception in mind and sense is caused by the external body or the object which presses the organ proper to each sense either immediately as in tasting and touching or gradually as in seeing, hearing, and smelling. With regard to the concept of sense, Hobbes disagrees with the philosophy schools in the Western universities which are based on certain texts of Aristotle and teach another doctrine. In the second chapter of the book, the author deals with the concept of imagination which is nothing but decaying sense and is found in men as well as in many other living creatures. In his attempt to clarify the concept of imagination, the author connects it with memory, experience, dreams, aspirations or visions, and understanding. The third chapter of the work deals with the consequence or TRAYNE of imaginations and, when talking about consequences or TRAYNE of thoughts, he refers to succession of one thought to another, which is called Mental Discourse. Other major concepts introduced in this chapter include unguided thoughts, regulated thoughts, remembrance, prudence, signs etc. In the fourth chapter, Hobbes mentions the faculty of speech, the uses and abuses of speech etc and he maintains that the most profitable invention of human beings is that of speech which consists of names or appellations and their connections. Read More
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