Free

Deduction vs. Induction - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
A deductive argument is inherently stronger than an inductive argument for a couple of reasons. The first is that a deductive argument may be…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
Deduction vs. Induction
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Deduction vs. Induction"

Deductive and inductive arguments form two es of argument that serve different purposes and come about in different contexts. A deductive argument is inherently stronger than an inductive argument for a couple of reasons. The first is that a deductive argument may be defined as an argument in which it is impossible for the premises to be true but the conclusion false. Accordingly, there is a necessary relationship and sufficient reason to go from premises to the conclusion of the argument. The conclusion of a deductive argument is treated as definitive. On the other hand, an inductive argument is an argument in which the premises are expected to support the conclusion such that if the premises were to be true (which is an assumption of the arguer), it is merely improbable that the conclusion could be false in that case. Therefore, instead of there being a necessary connection between premises and conclusion, as there is in the case of the deductive argument, the connection between premises and conclusion in the inductive argument is probabilistic.
We may structure an inductive argument as follows:
P1: Isaac Newton was British.
P2: British people live in England.
P3: People from England like tea.
C1: Isaac Newton liked tea.
In the example given, it is possible for the conclusion to be false, even if all three of the premises are true. In other words, it is possible for an argument that lacks deductive validity to be inductively valid. For instance, perhaps Newton lost his taste for tea after being struck on the head with an apple, which, according to the story, he was drinking on that occasion. Although inductive inferences may be uncertain, they are probable. That is, it is very probable that Isaac Newton liked tea. However, it is not certain based solely from the evidence given in P1-P3. Moreover, unlike deductive arguments, inductive inferences give us more information than what is contained in the premises. Careful use of inductive arguments is necessary for any field of research outside of those that rely on basic truths and assumptions.
We may structure a deductive argument as follows:
P1: All men are mortal.
P2: Isaac Newton was a man.
C1: Isaac Newton was mortal.
In the argument given, both of the premises are true. Consequently, it is simply not possible for the conclusion to be false. If the deductive argument has all true premises, and a false conclusion, then an error has been made and the argument lacks deductive validity. Conversely, one cannot accept the truth of the premises without accepting the truth of the conclusion. The relationship between the premises and the inference is that the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true. Even if the premises might not actually be true, the relationship between the premises and the conclusion does not change, and even if the evidence for the conclusion is flawed, the argument is valid. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Deduction vs. Induction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Deduction vs. Induction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1557667-deduction-vs-induction
(Deduction Vs. Induction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Deduction Vs. Induction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1557667-deduction-vs-induction.
“Deduction Vs. Induction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1557667-deduction-vs-induction.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Deduction vs. Induction

Mentoring vs. Induction Programs

...?Running head: MENTORING VS. INDUCTION PROGRAMS Mentoring Vs Induction Programs College This paper explores aspects of induction and mentoring in relation teacher’s best ways of instilling discipline among their students. Considerations are made in relation to this research as a paraprofessional with emphasis on the challenges facing induction and mentoring programs, proposals to make the programs more effective to all stakeholders and the support available for new teachers. Just like any other program the mentoring and induction process is faced by numerous challenges that have to be curbed to ensure the whole process is...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Electromagnetic induction

...In electromagnetic induction, a current carrying wire induced a magnetic field around the wire. Cutting the field using a magnet will result to an induced emf, which is proportional to the rate of change of the magnetic field or speed at which the field is cut. This is the Faraday’s law being investigated in this experiment. on the other hand, the experiment portrays that the magnetic flux will always act as to oppose any change in a closed loop, which is the Lenz’s law investigated in this experiment. The results showed that the polarity of the induced voltage opposed the charge producing it, with the speed of the magnet cutting the field being propotional to the emf induced. Moreover, when testing the polarity of a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Electromagnetic induction

...? Electromagnetic Induction Electromagnetic induction is a principle, which predicts the behaviour of the electric currentswhenever they interact with the magnetic field in the production of the electromotive force. It is a basic principle of operation for many types of electric devices such as motors. In order to understand the characteristics of induction, an experiment set out to investigate the operation of electromagnetic induction. The prime aim of this experiment was to investigate the magnets and coils behaviour, to test Lenz’s law and Faraday’s law, and to test the transformers behaviour. Introduction Electromagnetic induction involves the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Student induction program

...Assessing success and improving the induction program of the of East London I. Introduction The of East London has been implementing an induction program for several years now. It is part of managerial function to monitor the implementation of programs to identify shortcomings, if any, and define as well how program implementation by management can be improved. Research is important to managerial functions (Gill & Johnson, 2002, pp. 1-2). An important source of information for improving management is the clientele served by the institution or business. In the case of the University of East London, this is the student sector for whom the University exists. II. Literature on induction The...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

Cinema Manager Induction

...Running Head: CINEMA MANAGER INDUCTION Cinema Manager Induction [The [The of the Cinema Manager Induction (for an HRM course) Introduction The cinema business carries on to be conquered by a minute number of 'franchise' titles, particularly the Lord of the Rings, Harry Potter, Star Wars and the James Bond series. In 2002 the top 20 liberate in the UK and the Republic of Ireland accounted for 60% of box office proceeds but just 5.4% of all titles. Equally, 269 releases (73%) accounted for only 5.6% of box office proceeds. A total of 369 films were at large - an average of one each day - a 5% augment on 2001 (Casio, W.F., 2001). Human resource management comprise a reality of activities,...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Set Induction

...Set Induction Set induction is the preparation that a teacher or makes for a formal lesson. The preparation is normally to help students to get ready to learn a new concept (Schuck, 227). In other words, set induction is about inducing students or learners into a mind-set that will help them develop interest for the new subject. In all set inductions, there are some sets that are usually used just before any new activity is introduced to students. An effective set should have a level of clarity so that students are aware of what to expect from a new activity. The set should be clear enough for the students to know what is expected of them. It should also help them have...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Forced induction

...Forced Induction Forced induction is a critical process in automobiles; it refers to the process whereby compressed air is delivered to the internal combustion engine intake. It is such an important process to an extent that an engine that does not have it is considered to be naturally aspirated (Nag 16). This process increases the density, temperature, and pressure of the air using a gas compressor. It is used in the aviation, as well as automobile industry in increasing the efficiency and power of the engine (Rathakrishnan 41). This paper will discuss the process of forced induction and its various aspects. It is worth noting that the gas compressors are two in series. The first one...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Induction process project

...Induction Process Project Number Department Introduction The organisation of preference is Holiday Extras Ltd. Holiday Extras Ltd is a company that provides pr-booked airport hotel and parking services throughout the United Kingdom. The company dates back to 1983 when it was founded by Gerry Pack who had named it, Apple Booking Company. Gerry Pack had initially served as Saga’s employee before resigning to provide the market with a much easier way for general and leisure travelers to access overnight stay in airport hotels and at affordable discounted rates. Brief Organisational Profile Holiday Extras Ltd. Has grown over the time. The firm for instance serviced its clientele with three-star airport hotel services,...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

The Dividend Received Deduction

...Dividends Received Deduction Dividends Received Deduction Dividend is as a distribution or an allotment in form of liquid money, property or stock from a company paid to the shareholder out of the business proceeds. In the event a taxpayer receives a dividend, the person receives tax at a rate in which his or her dividend income fits. It is worth noting that a taxpayer’s dividend income experiences double taxation. Hull (2011) illustrated that this comes about because the corporation issuing the dividend is first taxed 35% on the proceeds from which the dividend comes. In addition to this, the shareholder is further taxed 23.8% on the remaining 65% hence making the total tax for dividends be actually...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Poverty Deduction

...Poverty Deduction Brief introduction to the policy problem It would not be a mistake to suggest that living in society should be regarded as an irreplaceable prerequisite for the development of the inner potential of a human being. Indeed, if it had not been for the presence of other people, a lot of abilities which are regarded as characteristic would not have evolved. Nevertheless, there might be situations when a part of the population is not able to prosper in the society and, quite the opposite, struggles to satisfy the most basic needs. Poverty is the phenomenon that comes to mind right away in this case. In spite of the fact that there is no social environment which does not feature poor people, the issue of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Deduction vs. Induction for FREE!

Contact Us