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Biology - Article Example

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Whenever there is a need to find about the relationship between the human species, the plants and animals, one hand and various bacteria, virus and fungi; it is the microbiology that guides us through this relationship while throwing light on the study of virus and bacteria. The…
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Biology Topics As biology is a vast this paper will try to describe, in a very brief manner, a few important topics related to the that have relevance in the modern day scientific achievements.
Microbiology
Whenever there is a need to find about the relationship between the human species, the plants and animals, one hand and various bacteria, virus and fungi; it is the microbiology that guides us through this relationship while throwing light on the study of virus and bacteria. The study of different microbes is done for the identification of harmful and helpful bacteria that we find in our various daily activities. These include the application of microbiological knowledge for the industrial fermentation that produces various food beverages, apart from the chemicals, drugs and antibiotics for the beneficial use of humans.
The study of microbiology also highlights the problems with regard to the biodegrading of toxic and other minerals present in the environment that are harmful to the plants, animals, apart from human beings. While biotechnology seeks to solve the problems faced in medicine, agriculture etc., and the microbiology is its branch that helps in the identification of the virus or fungie responsible for such problems. The study of microbes helps us to study the reactions that occur in higher organisms. Therefore, while studying the molecular level genetic engineering, the contribution of microbes in research for biochemical and molecular genetics has been increasing remarkably....(microbiology)
Cell and Molecular biology
This pertains to the study of cells and the method of interaction of cellular components that are responsible to promote life processes. While the study of this topic would include the synthesizing of DNA and RNA, it also helps in the research to find the mechanism for differentiation of a single-celled egg into a complex multi-cellular organism. For studying the concepts of biotechnology or genetic engineering, the detailed knowledge of cell and molecular biology is very important. The biologists concerned with this relevant topic use its results and findings to study the principals of protein synthesis, enzymology, organelle structure and function and cell ultra-structure, among other areas.
With this relatively new biological study topic, the principal processes of all living cells could be studied in the new light that has changed the method of this research drastically.....(cell)
Speaking in simpler terms the molecular biology is the science that transcribes the genetic material into RNA and then translates it into protein, as this helps us to know the mysteries surrounding this field in a better manner. As most of the work in microbiology can be quantified, we are now witnessing the off-shoot of this in bioinformatics and computational biology as some call these as the interface of this particular topic and the computers....(molecular)
Biotechnology
Biological techniques have been taken to such heights that many plant and animal organisms can be engineered to have the desired end result characteristics. The subject that is related to this application of biological sciences is called biotechnology. As the benefits of biotechnology are directly driven by the industry, called “bioindustry”, it usually refers to the use of biological sciences, like gene manipulation combined with other engineering sciences like computronics, material sciences and nanotechnology, to study the engineering of the desired biological products. This, at times, also involves the use of human cells as well. The cloning of human beings may be the next engineering feat that we may witness in this field, sooner than later....(Koehler, MD)
WORKS-CITED
Cell & Microbiology, available at:
http://microbiology.okstate.edu/molecular.html
(accessed on 10th aug 2009)
Koehler A Gus, “ An Overview of Biotechnology and Bioindustry”, available at:
http://www.library.ca.gov/crb/96/07/BIOT_CH1.html
(accessed on 10th Aug 2009)
Molecular biology, available at;
http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/m/molecular_biology.htm
(accessed on 10th Aug 2009) Read More
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