Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2 - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
There has been many decades of debate and argumentation with regard to an appropriate and unanimous explanation the proof of the existence of a supreme entity known as God. Propositions have been both in support as well as against the existence of God, and have included…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2"

Download file to see previous pages While Anselm’s ontological argument achieved a good amount of support, Aquinas’ cosmological outlook was the result of his strong criticism of the views of the former. However, what seems to be evidently noticeable is that Aquinas’ argument is another improvement of the ontological view of Anselm.
Saint Anselm proposes his ontological view on the existence of God in Proslogion, one of the most discussed philosophical discourses of all time. As Anselm argues, he makes certain key points in favor of the existence of God:
So the ontological argument states that God is the greatest possible entity to be conceived, and God exists in both reality as well as in our understanding. Whatever we can assume in the mind, it can also be conceived of as existing in reality too. Therefore, God is the greatest being existing in both reality and in the mind.
However, Anselm’s ontological theory has been criticized and strongly rejected by a number of Catholic theologians as well as non-Christians, and particularly by Thomas Aquinas, another Italian theologian. Aquinas’ most acclaimed work is Summa Theologiae or ‘Summary of Theology’, where he discusses his outlook on the existence of God. Criticizing the ontological argumentation of Anselm, Aquinas elaborates his cosmological view on the existence of God in terms of five arguments or proofs. The first proof is argued from the point of view of motion that everything on earth undergoes change with regard to something existing in reality. That means there must be a first mover from which it starts. This mover is constant and known as God. The second proof argues that every effect must have a cause. The first and efficient cause of everything is known as God. The third proof states that God is the main cause for the necessary existence of everything. The fourth proof argues that God is the most perfect thing to possibly conceive of. The fifth proof argues that God is the master planner of everything ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2 Essay”, n.d.)
Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2 Essay. Retrieved from
(Great Works of Western Philosophy Pre-Final Paper 2 Essay)
Great Works of Western Philosophy Pre-Final Paper 2 Essay.
“Great Works of Western Philosophy Pre-Final Paper 2 Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2


...?Part 2, Question Parfit is a reductionist. His claim is that people do not exist, except as a d collection of parts. Individual identity doesnot exist--it is “a collection of separate facts combined with giving the combination a single name” (Stairs: Notes on Parfit: Bundles Without Selves). I agree with Stairs’ analysis that Parfit does not prove his argument, and will try to justify this. Parfit looks at instances where the corpus callosum, which joins the left and right brain hemispheres, has been severed. He examines the verbal responses of such patients, and their written responses to a screen that shows red on one side, blue on the other. One hand writes “red.” The other writes “blue”. The left brain is able to enunciate “I see red...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy

...Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy Introduction: This paper addresses precisely the Socratic outlook in the understanding of the term ‘piety’ based on the dialogues of Plato’s Euthyphro. The paper also takes a brief account of the relativists’ view on morality, and aims to consider what Socrates’ possible take would be on the issue in the light of the philosopher’s conceptualization of ‘piety’. Plato’s Euthyphro: Euthyphro is one of the earliest dialogues compiled by Plato, dated back to as early as 399 BC. The philosophical piece of work contains valuable insight on Socrates’ philosophical antidotes. This is Plato’s dedication to his teacher and the greatest Greek philosopher of all times. Euthyphro features a logical...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper

...Great Works of Western Philosophy Plato and Aristotle Plato’s dialogues contain some of the most significant philosophical arguments of Socrates. For instance, Meno is a dialogue between Socrates and a young man Meno that includes the Socratic philosophy on the nature of virtue. The discussion is mainly aimed at defining the concept of virtue, explaining whether virtue can be taught, acquired by practice or by any other means. In the process of explanation, Socrates takes help of some epistemological themes including his theory of recollection. Whereas Phaedo describes Socrates’ discussion on the nature of afterlife. The theory of recollection is also discussed in this dialogue along with the Socratic philosophy on the immortality...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Philosophy final paper pre-question

...Great Works of Western Philosophy Aristotle’s notion of function Aristotle composed Nichomachean Ethics in order to discover the human good towards which we should aim in life. Aristotle refers to this conception of ‘good’ with various connotations such as happiness, well-being, flourishing and so on. However, there is a considerable amount of variation in how people conceive of the term ‘happiness’. Aristotle suggests that in order to come to a clearer and distinct conception of happiness, it is first important to ascertain the function of a human being. Aristotle precisely states that “for all things that have a function or activity, the good and the ‘well’ is thought to reside in the function.” Therefore, it is the human good...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Philosophy final paper pre-question 2

...Great Works of Western Philosophy Hobbes The Leviathan by Hobbes is the most accountable dis by the which bases the most talked about political as well as ethical theories by Hobbes. In the book, Hobbes is most concerned with his conception of the ‘state of nature’. According to Hobbes, the state of nature is best perceived as the ungoverned state, where there are no laws, particularly, no moral laws. In other words, it is the state of the condition of mankind in which there are no laws. Hobbes discusses a number of characteristics of the state of nature in Leviathan. There are five elemental characteristics that can be considered as the central features of the state of nature: Approximate equality: Every individual possesses equal amount...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Philosophy final

... of an ideal society from the perspectives of the great philosophers like Freud, Marx and others. Using the ideal society concepts of the great philosophers, the paper establishes the concept of an ideal society which I believe in and strive or wish to dwell in. Marx’s and Freud’s Idea: Karl Marx, like Freud saw conflict within society, but had radically different ideas and perceptions about humanity and civilization. Marx saw some of the same problems Freud saw, but chalked it up to inter-economic class conflict instead of conflict within one’s psyche. Marx believed that this class conflict was caused by one class, the bourgeois (the upper elite of society), which he characterized as having the great majority of wealth and rule over...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Philosophy final

... to maintain the balance in society. Adam Smith was a proponent of capitalism along with liberty as he believed in individualism in every individual. He believed that if everyone realizes his or her advantages in accordance to his needs then he would be able to balance the needs of the society too. Adam Smith is considered to be the first promoter of individualism in the society. Nowadays a similar change can be felt in the society when everyone is realizing his own individual advantages and disadvantages in accordance to his needs. Similarly Jeremy Bentham believed that a social policy could be a great way to promote individualism in which the benefits of every individual could be noted down without any moral judgment. By this he meant...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

VIS 2 Final Paper

... VIS 2 Final Paper In consideration of my three outstanding artistic works that I have unveiled, I have realized that indeed the world of art says much as far as the nature is of concern. My first project entailed a stained glass of cathedral that is characterized by a scene of heaven. In describing the aspect behind this stained glass of cathedral, every single window on it portrays and gives a clear story of Jesus crisis since he was born, his death and during rebirth. Stained glass of cathedral has been designed in a way that when the sunshine goes through its windows, someone feels like he or she is in heaven. This piece of work is characterized by stained glass that provides vibrant views hence creating a sense of feeling...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Management Philosophy Final Paper

... with the employees. Competency is also required of the employees as it plays an essential role in ensuring that the mangers are able to carry out their duties effectively. The paper is thus a management philosophy regarding best management practices. Discussion As a manager, I prefer an organization that is flexible and the leadership is democratic. According to the participative theory of leadership, the leader should always take into account the input of the others and also ensure that the other people are encouraged to participate and make their own contributions. The use of such models encourages flexibility and teamwork which is essential in enhancing the success of an organization. On the other hand, I would like to work where...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Bandura's Philosophy Theory

His memories are an accumulation of yesterdays. In yesterday's are written his dealings to others and to himself. He finds life more meaningful in the lives of others. His reason for living is to serve others because he learns more of himself by dealing, relating with and loving others. Hence his motto in life is: “Do to others what he wants others to do to him.”

Bandura’s theory confirms the reality of the experience. A man needs mirroring of others to tell him whether what he is doing is fine or not. The wife is the best critic of the husband and vice versa. This is what makes marriage a wonderful ground for discovery for the two is made into one yet uniqueness of each is still there.

7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

The Shining as the Great Adaptation

Kubrick was considered as being a master of the tracking shot, the reverse zoom and the painting technique for the film. His adaptation of Stephan King’s horror novel ‘The Shining’ was a great box office success and this means that the film was popular with the audience. Thus, it is very likely that something can be learned from a discussion about the adaptation of Stephan King’s novel for the film by Stanley Kubrick. This essay presents a discussion about the adaptation and the transformation of Stephan King’s novel ‘The Shining’ into the movie by Stanley Kubrick with the same name.
I hereby certify that, except where cited in the text, this work is the result of the research carried...
17 Pages(4250 words)Movie Review

Great Works of Western Philosophy

...Great Works of Western Philosophy 2 Introduction: Seeking evidences for the existence of a superpower called God has been the epicenter for so many debates and argumentations till date. Arguments for and against the existence of God have been proposed by numerous seekers from various genres including scientists, philosophers, theologians and many others. The concept of God bears ontological argumentations too. This paper addresses the key viewpoints of two great philosophers on the aspect of the existence of God - a) the ontological argument for the existence of God proposed by Anselm of Canterbury, an Italian medieval philosopher, and b) its rejection and criticism by Thomas Aquinas, another Italian philosopher and theologian. The paper...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

In What Ways Did 20th Century Conflicts Change the Nature of Western Introspection

The 20th century period was marked by several conflicts: World War I, the Holocaust, World War II, the exploitation of Latin American countries, Racial Segregation and the Negro Revolution which spawned the Civil Rights Movement in America and the Feminist Movement.

The Holocaust is admittedly one of the most horrific events in the history of mankind and the impact of the horrors it brought changed the way Ellie Wiesel sees his faith. While Jews are known for their orthodox and unquestioning faith in God, Wiesel’s experiences in the concentration camps of Auschwitz compelled her to question God’s existence. In Night, Wiesel tells of the unspeakable hanging of a young boy who was left dangling for thirty min...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The Great Recession and France

Some countries have pushed for an international consensus on issues of concern to all. France, which has suffered severely from the crisis, with an economic contraction and rising unemployment, has tried stand in opposition to the UK and the United States both of which believe minor financial regulations can alter and improve the situation—France would like to see more wide-ranging reforms accomplished through the increased unification of Europe. Efforts to deal with the crisis have led the French government to seek out more partners in Europe and try to push Europe wide reforms and a sort of European (as opposed to American) new capitalism. The government of Sarkozy has criticized British tax cuts and suggested the key to g...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

The Great Gatsby by F Scott Fitzgerald

His plan seems to be succeeding as he visits with her several times and she seems to be returning some of his affections, but when she’s forced to make a choice between Tom and Gatsby, Daisy chooses Tom for his old money and connections. The reader understands all this from the beginning thanks to the observations of the narrator, Nick. Following an accident when Daisy kills Tom’s girlfriend while driving Gatsby’s car, Gatsby proves his inability to handle the emergency while Tom takes charge and whisks Daisy away to a safe place. Meanwhile, Gatsby’s inability to see the truth contributes to his own tragic death at the hands of the dead woman’s grief-stricken husband. “He had come a long way to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Book Report/Review

The Life and Works of Billy Graham

He was just a servant of God, an instrument in preaching and disseminating the good news to people. He claims no supernatural power but his talent in proclaiming God’s word has never failed to show God’s power and sovereignty (Strober, & Strober, 2003).

He was born and raised by Marrow Coffey and William Franklin Graham in Charlotte, North Carolina on November 7, 1918, and dreamt of becoming a baseball player. He has a sister named Katherine, both of which were raised in the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church. In 1933, at the end of the Prohibition in the United States, their father forced them to drink until they vomit, leading to Graham’s aversion towards alcohol and drugs. He graduated from...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

African American Philosophy

And what are the salient features of the African American philosophy?
There is no doubt that African American philosophers are growing in number and also in influence in America. Their thought involves some theoretical questions touching on their hybrid and mixed cultures. The repression they were subject to, the conquest and colonization that were imposed on them by no means led them to question their ambivalent identity, the wide numerous problems they confronted like racism, discrimination, freedom and the like.

It is noteworthy that the legitimization of African American philosophy was brought to life with what we call “African American political activism” in the 1960s. From that time, this discipli...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Philosophy of Sren Kierkegaard

He notably only traveled abroad five times, four times to Berlin and once to Sweden. Despite this fact, he still managed to take from his studies and many experiences to form a universal model for understanding the different stages and aspects of living. His many works garnered him acclaim among fellow scholars and mathematicians of his era, and like many of the greatest philosophers, his works have been heralded as timeless.

One of Kierkegaard’s most notable works is his theory of the spheres of existence. For the philosopher, existence meant to become progressively more individualistic (Kierkegaard, 175). Kierkegaard believed this individualistic existence caused everyone to travel along a path toward self-reali...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Issues of Moral Philosophy

After the stimulus of the sensation has passed, there will remain a fleeting image or “fading relics of sensation” (Oakeshott, 1981: 249); these fading relics of sensation are called images or ideas. When we become conscious of images, it is called imagination. And when we try to recollect these images it is called memory. Being such, the whole gamut of human experience is made up of his/her entire memories. The succession of images in the mind is called mental discourse and it may be haphazard or regulated. Prudence is the recollection of past memories combined with present experience, thereby allowing human persons to associate, predict or anticipate others or even events. In this sense, prudence is natural wisdom an...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Rousseaus and Nietzsches Main Philosophy

Nietzsche begins by first accusing philosophers of dogmatism. He believes that philosophers come up with their complex ideologies and intricate systems of thought only in order to justify their own assumptions and prejudices. This is the crux of the book and is indeed a very strong statement to make. Nietzsche believes that if we try and dig out these assumptions and prejudices, we would be able to see what these philosophers value deeply and this will give us an insight into their characters.

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 to 1778) was a Genevois philosopher. Besides that, he was a writer and a composer of romanticism. His philosophies were very influential so much so that they were considered to have triggered the French...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2 for FREE!

Contact Us