StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
"Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy" paper describes the epistemological paradox confronted by Socrates in the Meno, and explains how the Platonic doctrine of recollection inform Socrates' argument, in the Phaedo, that the soul can exist apart from the body.  …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy"

Download file to see previous pages Meno posits his dilemma by asking Socrates how it is possible for him to begin an inquiry into the nature of virtue when he does not have the knowledge of a proper definition of virtue. This is known as Meno’s paradox. Socrates’ response to this sophistical paradox reveals yet another topic for discussion. Socrates suggests that knowledge is never acquired, it is only recollected.

Socrates resolves Meno’s paradox by explaining his famous theory of Recollection. He suggests that the human soul is immortal and that it knows everything that exists. As the soul is reborn from a previous life, it knows everything that existed in the previous world as well. Therefore, acquisition of knowledge is a process of remembering whatever has been learned in the past. The immortal soul knows all things that exist. Therefore, it is not surprising for a man to remember everything about what virtue is. As the soul lives beyond the life of the body, it learns all the things even from its previous life. Socrates’ theory further suggests that learning is recollection. Because whatever men learn in their past lives, it can be recollected easily as the soul never dies. Therefore, the true knowledge of things can be recollected as the soul carries the knowledge of all things that existed in the previous world. It is only the human body that is subject to physical death, not the soul. The soul exists beyond the life of the body and collects the knowledge of all things, which can be recollected.

Plato’s Phaedo details the final days of the great philosopher Socrates. This is a dialogue between Socrates and his student Phaedo, narrated from the latter’s perspective. Here Socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife along with other relevant arguments including the immortality of the soul and the nature of recollection. As the argument proceeds, a man recollects things he must have known at some previous time. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy Assignment, n.d.)
Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy Assignment. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1725062-philosophy-great-works-of-western-philosophy-2
(Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy Assignment)
Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy Assignment. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1725062-philosophy-great-works-of-western-philosophy-2.
“Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy Assignment”. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1725062-philosophy-great-works-of-western-philosophy-2.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy

INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Introduction to Western Philosophy What is philosophy is? Is normally viewed as a reflective question in the threefold sagacity. According to Russell (20), philosophy tackles the issue of fundamental questions that underlie day-day-perceptions. Philosophic questions obtain distinct answers across history, the cognitive endeavor of philosophizing is not needless. Philosophy is quite a hypothetical than dynamic activity. It seeks to establish some inter-theoretical techniques of questioning truth and find the principles of proof and standards for assessing our beliefs, perceptions and arguments. It targets at cogent understanding and utilizes discursive...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Nietzsche argues against philosophy and reason. What is his view? Why was Socrates a mistake? Why are ethics, religion, law, and democracy mistakes? Why must the superman have complete freedom? Does Nietzsche have a methodology to help derive his view? Do you think Nietzsche is right or wrong? Explain and justify your view. Nietzsche’s view against philosophy and reason derives from his views of the current western philosophical tradition, as organized around a conception of philosophy deriving from Socrates. He was against philosophy and reason in the Socratic sense, which viewed philosophy, which aims for knowledge of timeless and non-empirical...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Philosophy

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... The soul of a collectivist Roak’s in his speech illustrates that if a person fails to listen to his colleagues or his kinsmen, then he is not ready to listen to his speech. He contrasts current leadership style and form of ruling to initial forms of leadership such as the napoleon. If a person is given an opportunity as a leader, such a person should exercise his authority in a way that all members of the society feel satisfied. Roak’s illustration is that, if one person can be satisfied with how leaders exercise their duties then this effect should be applied in ruling bigger margin of population (Lieberman, Richter and Rank). Taking into account...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Philosophy

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Introduction Aristotle argues in Book VIII of the Nicomachean Ethics that friendships based upon utility or pleasures are not enduring. Aristotle bases his arguments upon certain premises that aim at proving his arguments. Aristotle points out that nature of causes determines the nature of the causes’ objectives and the friendships differ in species (Aristotle, 78). Aristotle claims that to love for pleasure is only to love for utility as love for utility x while mean an individual loves x for pleasure (Pangle 56). Accordingly, utility varies with each individual, as older people are more inclined to seeking utility relationships (Aristotle, ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Philosophy

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... head: Monads Leibniz and the Notion of Monads Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is the third of the three most well-known rationalists, the other two being Spinoza and Descartes. His philosophy, while greatly influenced by various philosophers traceable to the Greeks as well as contemporaries, such as Spinoza, is valuable in its methodology and logical sharpness. His notion of monads veers away from Spinoza’s account of substance, and is more similar to ancient Greek ideas. In this paper, the author discusses Leibniz’s concept of substance vis-à-vis his monadology, and argues that while it may not be entirely original, its value lies in its contribution to ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Works of Western Philosophy Introduction: This paper addresses precisely the Socratic outlook in the understanding of the term ‘piety’ based on the dialogues of Plato’s Euthyphro. The paper also takes a brief account of the relativists’ view on morality, and aims to consider what Socrates’ possible take would be on the issue in the light of the philosopher’s conceptualization of ‘piety’. Plato’s Euthyphro: Euthyphro is one of the earliest dialogues compiled by Plato, dated back to as early as 399 BC. The philosophical piece of work contains valuable insight on Socrates’ philosophical antidotes. This is Plato’s dedication to his teacher and the greatest...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Works of Western Philosophy Plato and Aristotle Plato’s dialogues contain some of the most significant philosophical arguments of Socrates. For instance, Meno is a dialogue between Socrates and a young man Meno that includes the Socratic philosophy on the nature of virtue. The discussion is mainly aimed at defining the concept of virtue, explaining whether virtue can be taught, acquired by practice or by any other means. In the process of explanation, Socrates takes help of some epistemological themes including his theory of recollection. Whereas Phaedo describes Socrates’ discussion on the nature of afterlife. The theory of recollection is also...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Works of Western Philosophy Proofs of the existence of God There has been many decades of debate and argumentation with regard to an appropriate and unanimous explanation the proof of the existence of a supreme entity known as God. Propositions have been both in support as well as against the existence of God, and have included practitioners from various genre such as science, philosophy, theology and so on. Among the argumentations, two of the most significant views are the ontological and cosmological argumentation in support of the existence of God, proposed by Italian philosophers Saint Anselm and Thomas Aquinas, respectively. While Anselm’s...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Western and Eastern philosophy

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... and Eastern Philosophy Western philosophy is rational, scientific, naturalistic, focused on progress and transforming activity, while the eastern philosophy is mystical, intuitive, focused on aesthetic and ethical education. The question of being and non-being is the one of the main concepts in understanding of origin of the universe. The fact that it is addressed to the universal values shows that Eastern and Western philosophy also has common features. In the center of knowledge - the problem of good and evil; beauty and ugliness; justice and injustice. In Western philosophy being is the word of ideas, immutable substances, enlightenment and existe...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Great Works of Western Philosophy

...Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Philosophy Great Works of Western Philosophy... Works of Western Philosophy 2 Introduction: Seeking evidences for the existence of a superpower called God has been the epicenter for so many debates and argumentations till date. Arguments for and against the existence of God have been proposed by numerous seekers from various genres including scientists, philosophers, theologians and many others. The concept of God bears ontological argumentations too. This paper addresses the key viewpoints of two great philosophers on the aspect of the existence of God - a) the ontological argument for the existence of God proposed by Anselm of Canterbury, an Italian medieval philosopher, and b) its rejection and...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Philosophy: Great Works of Western Philosophy for FREE!

Contact Us