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Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper - Essay Example

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For instance, Meno is a dialogue between Socrates and a young man Meno that includes the Socratic philosophy on the nature of virtue. The discussion is mainly aimed at defining the…
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Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper
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Download file to see previous pages The theory of recollection is also discussed in this dialogue along with the Socratic philosophy on the immortality of the soul. Socrates offers four arguments to explain the immortality of the soul:
Considered to be one of the earliest dialogues, Plato’s Euthyphro provides Socrates’ argumentation on the notion of piety. Socrates uses analogical arguments to explain the meaning of piety. In order to understand what is piety, it is important to analyze logically the difference between good and bad, just and unjust, beautiful and ugly. In other words, piety is not about religious reverence. Socrates insists on careful reasoning to be considered as the main motivating factor of intellectual independence. While defining the parameters of piety, the concept of morality is also discussed at length. Morality is about individual choices and practices. That means there can be no goodness or badness in the abstract. Because, the definition of goodness or badness can differ from person to person, society to society. The relativist argument explains that a true definition of morality includes the very essence of the term because its notion differs from people to people. Therefore, a universally accepted definition of morality will encompass all the essential characteristics possessed by it. Perceived in the same light, the concept of piety also cannot be an abstract idea. The notion can be defined universally only when it encompasses all the essential qualities of the term.
Aristotle’s philosophical theories are most importantly derived from his Metaphysics. Here, Aristotle addresses various primary philosophical ideas in different books named by Greek letters such as Alpha or A (Book 1), little alpha or  (Book 2) and so on. Aristotle contemplates that the highest form of knowledge is wisdom, the knowledge of causes and principles. His logical theory distinguishes between homonymous (multiple unrelated meanings), synonymous (several related meanings) ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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