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privileged, power and the control of the Revolution was passed on from the privileged class to the middle class, and then, temporarily, to the poor and extreme – the sans-cullotes in Paris. It is in this sense that the French Revolution of 1789, which lasted for ten years, is hailed by historians as an event which changed societies.
The idea of nationalism, as known in modern times, was a product of the French Revolution. It also provided the empirical data from which Karl Marx, among others, based his theory of modern revolution. Moreover, it served as an important model for succeeding revolutions that changed the rest of the world.
Most historians would consider the political ideals of the Enlightenment as the driving force behind the Revolution. Some, such as Burke, even went as far as including Rousseau and his philosophy. Rousseau’s book, The Social Contract, is considered the Bible of many leaders of the French Revolution (Russell, 1945). Russell also states that Robespierre’s reign is the fruit of Rousseau’s teaching. Moreover, he also holds Rousseau’s ideas partly responsible for the dictatorships of Russia and Germany. Specifically, he writes, “Hitler is an outcome of Rousseau.”
Even if Rousseau’s ideas did bring about Robespierre’s reign of Terror, wherein thousands were executed for alleged crimes against the Revolution, and the dictatorships of Russia and Germany, he did advocate democracy. Our modern idea of democracy is what he calls elective aristocracy and this, for him, is the best form of government. However, he points out that this is not for all countries. His idea of democracy, no doubt, was the thread that connected him to the French Revolution. Eventually, the idea of democracy brought about the downfall of monarchy in France.
According to Karl Marx, all the Revolution did was replace the feudal economic system of France with that of a capitalistic system, which reinforced the peasantry. It is at this point that one may
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(“French revolution and Enlightenment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(French Revolution and Enlightenment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“French Revolution and Enlightenment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1554362-french-revolution-and-enlightenment.
18th Century of Enlightenment & Revolution Introduction The eighteenth (18th) century was marked by major enlightenment events like the death of Louis XIV of France and the beginning of the French revolution. Philosophers of Enlightenment like Montesquieu advocated for the separation of the powers of the government while Rousseau was of the view that man is born free and citizens should be free to choose their government.
Two prominent French thinkers: Jacques Rousseau and Charles Montesquieu had their influence from two main intellectual currents during the period; science and 17th century philosophy. The enlightenment did not contribute to the revolution directly. However, the French revolution embodies some enlightenment themes and ideas.
Voltaire and the Spread of Knowledge during the Enlightenment.
The best word to describe the period of the Enlightenment is rationality. During this period in history the mind of the human being was felt to be capable of engaging the world and coming up with answers through the concept of science.
The revolution followed hot on the heels of the American Revolution that had preceded a decade earlier and changed the political and social dimension of Europe irreversibly. Various problems led to the revolution, however, the strict class system that placed the clergy and nobility among ordinary French citizens gets pinned down as the most decisive problem (Tackett 26).
French Revolution during 18th century is event that shook France between 1787 and 1799 which took its violent form when the Controller General of Finances, Charles-Alexandre de Calonne proposed to design the reform to eliminate budget deficit by increasing the taxation of privileged classes by summoning the assembly by ‘notables’ like prelates.
Where the French Revolution changed the political map of Europe forever, it brought the people to the forefront of politics and set the precedence for bringing about social and political change through revolution. The old order in France was the absolutist monarchy of the Bourbons led at the time of the evolution by Louise XVI but supported by the nobility and the clergy.
The French Revolution effectively achieved the objective of bringing freedom to the people, and women were active participants in the lynching and other mob activities. The position of women in England was, however, somewhat different and this attitude also spilt over into the response to the French revolution.
eat attention to the vastness of revolutions in the history of the world, revealing great insights on not only the origins, but also the causes of great revolutions (Adkins, 2004). This essay will explore the history of the French Revolution, citing major events that defined the
He claims that immaturity is the inability to use one’s intelligence without the assistance of another. He goes on to state that such immaturity can only be caused by self and not the lack of intelligence. He states that the motto of enlightenment is to dare to know,
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