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Most historians agree that the Enlightenment was a significant influence on the French Revolution. However, on the whole, do you think the French Revolution was more of a fulfillment or a betrayal of Enlightenment ideals Offer three major examples to sup - Essay Example

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In order to fully understand the topic in question, the meaning of the word enlightenment needs to be expounded on in order to understand it in the context of the times of the French Revolution. Kant (1974), argues that enlightenment means a man casting aside his self-caused…
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Most historians agree that the Enlightenment was a significant influence on the French Revolution. However, on the whole, do you think the French Revolution was more of a fulfillment or a betrayal of Enlightenment ideals Offer three major examples to sup
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Most historians agree that the Enlightenment was a significant influence on the French Revolution. However, on the whole, do you think the French Revolution was more of a fulfillment or a betrayal of Enlightenment ideals Offer three major examples to sup

Download file to see previous pages... The French Revolution began as a result of several influences such as the scientific revolution which was rooted in gaining scientific knowledge and making major leaps in the field of science. That, using Kant’s interpretation is enlightenment. Therefore, we can conclude that enlightenment was seen as a significant influence on the French Revolution. Kant finds it problematic when an officer claims, “don’t argue, drill” or when a tax collector says, “don’t argue, pay.” He says that such is a restriction on our freedom to reason in all matters. Therefore, the French Revolution was more of a fulfillment rather than a betrayal of enlightenment ideals?
Enlightenment in the context of the French Revolution is a convergence of many constituent aspects which comprise; skepticism, reason, progress and social reform, tolerance, natural rights and political reforms. Skepticism calls into question many aspects of the French society which were thought to be undoubted truths. Issues such as Deity were unquestionable since those were the days of significant Catholic power and influence. Marquise de Sade was an example of an atheist figure head. Although his views on morality and sexuality were at best unorthodox, he offers a good example of the beliefs that atheists back then held against the existence of God. Thomas Paine was and still is a well-known atheist who held radical views against the existence of God in the 18th century. Paine (1797), in “A letter to a Friend Regarding the Age of Reason”, questions the right that his friend had to call the bible the word of God. He points to the fact that as laws were made back in the 18th century, by councils shouting yeas and nays, so was the bible by the Popish Councils of Nice and Laodicea. These he claims were to be the books which make up the New Testament. He goes on to state that the books which today comprise the Old Testament were voted for by Pharisees of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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