The paper “The French Revolution and the Cultural Renewal of Europe” will discuss the French Revolution, which altered the cultural sensibilities of Europe’s nation states as well as the continent’s traditional political power structure. …
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The seminal event in the evolution of political thought also was transformative for the development of Europe’s great cultural tradition. A civilization in which Neo-Classically influenced works of art and literature honored royalty and aristocracy underwent a radical change. The toppling of the ancien regime in France did more than set off a chain of events that would transform Western Europe from monarchy to democracy. It radically changed the very notion of culture. After the revolution, the idea that culture was the exclusive province of the wealthy and powerful changed forever. Culture in a world where noblemen had been patrons of the great artists was now the property of everyone, of rich and poor.
The ideas that fired the revolution were equally motivating to the painters, composers and writers of Europe, who had seen nothing comparable to the fervor with which Marat, Robespierre and other firebrands of the Revolution took up the philosophies of Rousseau and Montesquieu. The power of Enlightenment thinking took solid root on both sides of the Atlantic, inspiring political and cultural leaders to adopt the cause of liberty, equality and fraternity as their own. “The tide of Revolution that swept away much of the old political order in Europe and America in the last quarter of the 18th century had momentous consequences for the arts. Both the American and French revolutions had in fact used art as a means of expressing their
spiritual rejection of the aristocratic society against which they were physically rebelling…” (Cunningham and Reich, 2006). The art of David typified this spiritual and physical break with the past, using classical imagery to glorify the ideals of the Revolution.
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It is historically significant because the revolution successfully established a liberal democracy. Due to these double outcomes, in the perspective of world history, it can be considered as a classical model of a bourgeois revolution
French Revolution (1789-1799) The French Revolution was a period of social and political changes that had a strong impact not only on France but also on Europe as a whole. The Revolution started in the year 1789 and continued till 1799.
The French revolution of 1979 happened between 1787 and 1799, reaching the climax in 1789. This period was characterized by radical political and social upheavals. This was propelled by the American Revolutionary War, especially the ineptitude acts of King Louis XVI that enhanced frustrations among the French people.
The revolution followed hot on the heels of the American Revolution that had preceded a decade earlier and changed the political and social dimension of Europe irreversibly. Various problems led to the revolution, however, the strict class system that placed the clergy and nobility among ordinary French citizens gets pinned down as the most decisive problem (Tackett 26).
Where the French Revolution changed the political map of Europe forever, it brought the people to the forefront of politics and set the precedence for bringing about social and political change through revolution. The old order in France was the absolutist monarchy of the Bourbons led at the time of the evolution by Louise XVI but supported by the nobility and the clergy.
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that the French Revolution did influence the development of nationalism in the ninetieth century Europe. This is because it can be seen the ideology of nationalism advocated for during the French Revolution helped in drawing several countries into politics.
By 1815, the French revolution had undergone large number of changes and had seen everything. The overall standing of the revolution and its contextual existence and effectiveness can be gauged with regard to the study of the political and human rights aspect.
The aim and
The Louis XIV wars caused debts that grew after the wars fought in the 18th century. This wars caused affected even Britain, but they did not go bankrupt because, in Britain everyone paid tax including clergy and the nobles. In France, only the citizens paid