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The block centered on the definition οf organizational design (the way managers structure the organization to reach the organizations goals) and the use οf organization chart is fairly clear. Organization charts are common in most all business organizations. They depict the…
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Download file to see previous pages The informal networks within the organization are rarely depicted (if they are known at all!)
The background concepts you have seen before. Remember Appendix A? I am still amazed at how the work οf Randolph and Dess has persisted. We still use much οf the terminology they coined. Some distinction is made about the differences between line and staff personnel. The concept οf line vs. staff authority is not really addressed. Line authority is clear positional authority to make decisions relating to the work οf the firm. Classically this means the manager on the line producing the product. Line authority is real, legitimate authority--within the legitimate realm οf the manager. Staff authority is advisory--staff experts make recommendations that line managers may use or not.
The information perspective--asks managers to assess the uncertainty in the external environment. Two possible strategies: design structures in the organization that increase information gathering about the environment. Or, design flexibility into the organization.
Environmental uncertainty is affected by the complexity οf the external environment and whether that environment is stable or rapidly changing. Higher complexity and rapid change creates the most uncertainty. This harkens back to the idea that mechanistic organizations tend to be possible in very stable environments and organic organizations tend to be successful in complex, unstable ones--like the microcomputer industry.
Randolph, W. Alan; Gregory G. Dess. The Congruence Perspective οf Organization Design: A Conceptual Model and Multivariate Research Approach. Academy οf Management. The Academy οf Management Review (pre-1986); Jan 1984
Management has a specific economic & social objective hence is can be applied everywhere. It is a continuous, multidisciplinary, dynamic process. "Management is a multipurpose organ that manages a business manages a manager and manages workers and work" as defined by Peter Druker. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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