It was quickly accepted by Congress just a month and a half following the September 11 attacks. Pressure to pass anti-terrorism legislation prevailed over the need to understand what the 342 page Act entailed. Most…
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the freedom of speech and assembly (First Amendment); the freedom from unreasonable search and seizure (Fourth Amendment); the right to due process of law (Fifth Amendment); the right to a speedy, public and fair trial along with the right to counsel and to confront the accuser (Sixth Amendment), the freedom from cruel and unusual punishment (Eighth Amendment) and freedom from punishment without conviction (13th Amendment).
According to the Justice Department, the PATRIOT Act gives support to and encourages enhanced sharing of information among various law enforcement agencies at the local, state and federal levels. In addition, this law assists law enforcement in their efforts to “connect the dots” from a wider scope of agencies when assembling evidence so as to “develop a complete picture” regarding possible threats from terrorists (Ward, 2002). The PATRIOT Act gives law enforcement more latitude when attempting to intercept transmissions of ‘suspected terrorist’s’ discussions via electronic surveillance. Agents of the government can now secretly tap into any citizen’s phone calls or internet communications including all visited web sites (Rackow, 2002). If directed by the Justice Department, police officers can enter people’s homes without benefit of a warrant and even seize their belongings and not ever have to inform the homeowner of the search. Individuals as well as religious and political organizations can legally be spied on by law enforcement agencies whether or not those agencies can produce any evidence a crime has or is planning to be committed.
In addition, citizens are denied their Fifth Amendment right of due process by the Act. They can be forcibly detained and refused access to an attorney with no evidence being supplied by which to justify this previously illegal action. Critics of the Act suggest that is in contradiction to the tenants of the First Amendment. As an example, a citizen can be identified and treated as
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This Act enhances law enforcement by providing a number of investigatory tools. It aims to punish the perpetrators of terrorism at home and the world. This Act fortifies measures to prevent, detect, and prosecute the perpetrators of international money laundering and financing to terrorist activities (USA PATRIOT Act).
Soon after this gory incident, the former president, Mr. George W. Bush announced “War on Terror.” Resultantly the USA Patriot Act of 2001 came into being. The citizens of America rightly demanded their democratic government to take immediate remedial measures for their safety and security.
The Act was enacted with virtually unprecedented speed, with only six weeks elapsing between the Bush Administration's initial proposal of anti-terrorism legislation and the enactment of the bill in its final form. Under the pretense of enhancing national security, the USA PATRIOT Act concentrates on the increased new powers in the executive branch of government, while decreasing judicial oversight.
By describing themselves as genuine Americans and by framing their claims on behalf of the nation or the people, President Bush attained a nationwide consensus and succeeded in portraying their opponents as an anti-national faction.
The main advantages of the act are that it preserves liberties that the Constitution guarantees Americans, it guarantees safety against the enemy (terrorists); it helps people to overcome fear and terror inspiring their nationalist feelings and ideas.
The rationale of making this Act was to prevent and punish terrorist activities around the world.It has provisions to increase the ability of law enforcement agencies to use investigatory tools to search emails and telephone communications and reduces the restrictions on foreign intelligence within the United States.
The Act prohibits discriminatory practices such as racial profiling, illegal wire taps and all other unlawful actions which are generally deemed improper. The PATRIOT Act was enacted to protect US citizens by
The author describes advantages and disadvantages of the Patriot act because the act has been criticized for problematic issues, for its interference with privacy and violation of constitutional rights. The shortcomings of the patriot act can be regarded as assets since they can be used to make improvements in the act.
It also extends to what people read in libraries and book stores, what people look at or even purchase (Colorado.edu par 2-4).
The US Patriot Act gives the government more power in four key areas (American Civil
Thomas Hobbes is also an influential political philosopher, and his major philosophies touched on how to maintain a peaceful political and social order. The principles of Thomas Hobbes directly conflicts
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