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Whether well-meaning or ill intentioned the town’s journey spanning three years reveals both optimistic and pessimistic sides of human behavior, and teaches that you must look within yourself – not to your neighbors - to decide what is right and wrong.
Set in the Bible belt southern state of Alabama in the 1930’s, To Kill a Mockingbird focuses on the town of Maycomb and the racial tension of a lawyer defending a black man accused of raping a white woman. Though everyone knows the black man, Tom Robinson, is innocent, times have not progressed sufficiently that a white woman would be proven to be a liar over the word of a black man. Several townspeople know that this thinking is wrong, but only one white person openly flaunts his beliefs that blacks should be treated no different than white folks. This man is Mr. Dolphus Raymond. Scorned by whites for living with a black woman and producing mixed children, Mr. Raymond doesn’t have an easy time of it with the black population, either. He is, however, one of the few people who live what they believe in and try to set an example for others who might change the ways of the future. Despite his preference for the company of Negroes, Mr. Raymond is respectful of the inability of the white people to comprehend his way of life and therefore pretends to be a drunk. As he explains to Jem, Dill and Scout one day when they discover his secret, “It helps folks if they can latch onto a reason. When I come to town… folks can cay Dolphus Raymond’s in the clutches of whiskey – that’s why he won’t change his ways” (p. 204). It is a unspoken (and mostly unknown) compromise that allows the town folk to pity him instead of hating him.
Another contribution to the story is that of ignorance and how it can be used to shame others or to learn to “put yourself in their shoes” as Atticus suggests several times throughout the novel. One example of this ignorance is the plight of Miss Caroline
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Her father, Atticus Finch, is a lawyer with high ethical values. Scout, her brother Jem, and their friend Dill are maneuvered by the local gossip about a man named Boo Radley, who lives in their district but never leaves his house. Legend has it that he once bashed his father in the leg with a pair of scissors, and he is said to be a type of monster.
The story is about racial prejudice and it centers on Atticus, a white lawyer who decides to defend a black man. The story is told by Scout, then a young girl, who experiences a variety of issues in her town. This creates the foundation for the full story.
The story revolves around a family of single father and his two children, along with a hidden neighbor. The narrator of the story is the daughter of the house, and the father is the actual hero being a lawyer who defends a Black American wrongly blamed for the rape of a White American woman.
According to the researcher, racial prejudice stands to be the most obvious prejudice in the novel which pushes the otherwise well intentioned folks of Maycomb to victimize an upright black individual owing to the acquisitions made by a worthless white drunkard. The other pivotal theme is that it tends to delve on the moral nature of human beings.
The novel is narrated by Scout who lives with her elder brother Jem and her well-respected lawyer father, Atticus Finch. Scout and Jem are portrayed as normal fun-loving children but are shown to be gifted with a rare maturity of thought and a depth of perception and insight that even grown-ups do not possess.
Lee in Chapter 19 is also stressing on the realms of racism and stereotyping. Racism, as practiced in the society against blacks, is seen in the courtroom as told by Lee. This can be clearly seen in the character of Mr. Gilmer when he cross-examines Tom Robinson. It is seen how Mr. Gilmer makes a mockery of Tom’s story.
The author analyzes a case that chauvinism still has an outcome in our legal system today. The difficulty is society can inspire beliefs that can act as a curtain and blind the people from impartiality. The only way to expose this veil is through people like Atticus who can pass his ethics and dignity to the young and the blinded.
The humor, in the book, remains hidden in wordy text requiring one to understand Harper’s style and comedy technique. To add to the subtle humor scenes, Harper uses adult conceptions and children’s instinct to create humor in a sarcastic manner.
gave me an essential lesson which I cherish most: we should try to see life from another person’s perspective before we make any judgment of others. To me, it has become the golden principle of my life and I am highly impressed by the moral lessons of To Kill a Mockingbird.
The author states that there are many things and events that impacted Jem from the beginning of the sentence till the actual event. It was the span of three years, for which the story is actually written, is the transitional period for Jem. It is the time for any boy to undergo a transitional phase from the age of 10 to 13.
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