Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
According to Richard Dawkins Meme is the unit of cultural evolution while Gene is the unit of biological evolution. The alikeness is here that both are inherited by the living entity itself though the memetic copying are happened in only hominids, dolphins, and birds…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way"

Discussion on Durham proposal May 21, 2006 Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way

According to Richard Dawkins Meme is the unit of cultural evolution while Gene is the unit of biological evolution. The alikeness is here that both are inherited by the living entity itself though the memetic copying are happened in only hominids, dolphins, and birds. As the birds, learn to sing imitating other. The main fact is that somehow the culture, language, philosophy, theories, hem-lines, tunes, religion all are transmitted one generation to another by meme replication. As example Languages are like viruses, which infect brain to brain.
Cross-cultural similarity in recognition of universal emotions like anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, or surprise are by some means identical around the world. According to cross-cultural similarity also found for appraisal dimensions like pleasant vs. unpleasant, expected vs. unexpected, fair vs. unfair etc. When a innate blind baby smile in proper cause the display rule differ by culture and gender but not the smile itself.
Now if we discuss about the effect of social and cultural effect over gene then we must know both are influenced by the environment. As the matter of consequence the people of mountain areas are physically tough while their counter parts reside in plain land are not so much. Their cultures also differ broadly. The occupational aspects are different, food habit, clothing, medical techniques all are poles apart. So the acceptance with weather, minerals intake, lactose tolerance all are in a long term revealed as 'adaptation' definitely droved by natural selection. Nowadays modern medical methods changes antibiotics and parasite resistance that somehow tilt the natural balance and taking contraceptive disturbs natural birth rate.
Advance animals already have the complex physiological and behavioural regularity. Extension of this regularity ultimately form the "population approach" or evolution. It may be clarify by the concept of dominant trend in biological evolution. The 'evolution' can undergoes by two methods.
It may happens due to (1) "differential fitness of the types in
the local environment" or (2) "due to natural selection and
"random" variation." Selection could be expressed by the equation:
pf = SUMf pft
(Harms William, Cultural Evolution And The Variable Phenotype ) If frequency is zero here represented in the population which is impossible by selection alone. So the Random variation is proved to come in 'evolution'. It follows more Darwin theory than Lamarckian one.
As both evolution is for betterment then those meme actually persist or get enhanced all have high genetic fitness. Cultural incest taboos reinforce genetic advantages of out-breeding. So the marriage like customs are popular worldwide since the ancient days. The memes make people happier retain more and more days.
Just beside it is also been found that meme popularity has no impact upon genetic fitness sometimes. Some habits may be silly stay with us without any social or evolutionary impact.
Again some popular meme have low genetic fitness even harmful for enrichment of genetic mutation. Cigarette smoking, drug use, taking contraceptive, abortion are increasing day by day in spite of its dodgy future impact. Even it is very much essentially related in the field of our contemporary world without tranquility and symbiotic rule of mother nature.
Now it have to discuss in what context Durham found that opposition is rare. He mentioned as 'genes hold culture on a leash'.
Rationally genetic selection give birth the primary values like parental care. Maternal solicitude comes from this as secondary value. So use of contraceptive and abortion cannot be a persisting option for human race. Primary and secondary values are congruence units. But when it clash always winner is the primary one as it directly comes from genetic permission. He also point out that increasing the number of nerve cells and bigger brain is a very long term process and that's why expensive development. So evolution suppose to choice the best allomeme as natural rule. It is had been finalised that when individual opposes one meme it must be goes out from the way of advancement of memetic evolution.
So it is very much clear that according to Durham social and cultural evolution must follow the route of natural selection and whatever may be the bad meme comes into play in society, nature will lash it out.
Work cited:
Meme, Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Gene and Meme: A Unidirectional Way Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Gene and Meme: A Unidirectional Way Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Gene and Meme: A Unidirectional Way Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way

Gene therapy

... Reference, 2008). While preparing the vectors for gene therapy, the DNA coding for a part or whole of the normal genes of the virus to be used as a carrier is removed and replaced with the treatment gene. The carriers are engineered in such a way that there ability to enter the cells is not lost but they cannot reproduce. Genes delivered by tiny synthetic "envelopes" of fat molecules enter the cell by cell membrane which has very high concentration of fat molecules. In electroporation, the genes are delivered into the cells by creating tiny openings in the cell membrane. This is done by using a bionic chip. The chip contains a single living cell embedded in a tiny silicon circuit (Hecht, 2004). Another method of gene therapy is where...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Human gene

...?Human Gene Although mutations are crucial for evolutionary processes offering diversity in the populations, they are often detrimental to individualhealth (Clancy). Mutations in a gene can lead to non-functional enzymes, disruption of protein structure or altered protein conformation affecting the normal protein functioning. Such abnormalities often result in various genetic diseases. For instance, mutations in the gene, GALT, can lead to inherited autosomal recessive disorder called Classic Galactosemia or Galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase deficiency. A person with classic galactosemia is unable to metabolize galactose sugar into glucose in the liver and is susceptible to various diseases mostly of the liver and central nervous...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Gene Patenting

... products. Researchers believe that SNPs will help them identify the affects of different genes that contribute towards complicated diseases like diabetes, cancer and mental illness. In conventional ways of hunting genes, association between genes and diseases is difficult to make because an altered gene makes a very small contribution towards the disease. U.K Wellcome Trust philanthropy and ten big pharmaceutical companies in 1999, established a non-profit organization which would find about 300,000 common SNPs. The foundation then planned to patent all the SNPs found so that they could prevent others from patenting the same information. The information on SNPs found by the consortium is freely available to researchers. Production...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Gene Determination

...Gene Determination Q1. Birth defect of the sex organs (Genital Birth Defects) that result in a problem with assigning a definite sex to a newborn child is known as Ambiguous Genitalia or Atypical Genitalia (Committee on Genetics, 2000, Birth Defects, 2005). This condition is said to occur in about one in every 3,000 live births and is characterized by the presence of either a combination of male and female external genitalia or an external genitalia that cannot be clearly assigned to a gender (Birth Defects, 2005). To properly understand the occurrence and causes of this condition, a clear understanding of the normal genetic and hormonal influences that interplay in genital formation and development is important (Committee on Genetics...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Gene technology

...Topic Gene Cloning Practical Extraction of genomic DNA from the given organism. Observations and Inference: a) The extracted DNA is visible on agarose gel slightly anodic to the application point, i.e. we were able to extract DNA from the organism. b) The DNA band appears near the origin and above the highest fragment in the DNA ladder, hence, it appears to be very large DNA. Actual size cannot be determined from this experiment. c) We expect the DNA to be very large since we have extracted the genomic DNA from the bacterium. The size of genomic DNA from E.Coli is about 4,500 kb which is beyond the limit of the gel or the DNA ladder used. Appearance of E.Coli DNA is shown in Figure 1b. Fig 1. a) Agarose gel electrophoresis of extracted...
3 Pages(750 words)Lab Report

Gene technology

...The size of typical bacteria genome is about 4×1000.000 base pairs and a typical bacterium might have 5 ribosomal RNA operons. The primers you are using(called 27f and 1525r) should amplify a target sequence of approximately 1500 base pairs from 16S rRNA gene. a- What proportion of the total DNA of this typical bacterium does the target sequence constitute? Proportion of genomic DNA= Total number of base pairs of target sequence ÷ number of base pairs in the genome. Answer = 5 x 1500/4000000 = 0.001875 b- The amplification reaction uses approximately 100 ng of genomic DNA. What mass of target sequence dose 100 ng of genomic DNA contain... size of typical bacteria genome is about 4×1000.000 base pairs and a typical bacterium might have 5...
1 Pages(250 words)Speech or Presentation

Gene Prediction

... Gene Prediction Question Gene prediction is the establishment of the pattern assumed by the codons (three pairs of nucleotides) in coding for proteins. Gene predictions can be done using three techniques; pattern based, content based and comparative based, in this prediction, pattern based technique was used. It involves pasting the whole genome sequence of the organism given in a FASTA format then clicking the ORF finder that will automatically give the start and the stop codons alongside the longest pattern. In this case, the human genome was given and upon subjecting it to the ORF finder, the longest pattern was identified to have 996 nucleotides. This corresponds to 331 codons also known as amino acids. The longest pattern always...
2 Pages(500 words)Lab Report


...Cloning the gene A). Cloning the mouse gene for G6Pase. This amino acid sequence will be checked in the mouse nucleotide collection using the TBLASTN algorithm for any match. This automatically determines the possible nucleotide sequences that could have coded for that particular amino acid sequence. After identifying an existing nucleotide sequence that can possibly produce such oligopeptide, the sequences upstream and downstream of it will be used to identify sequences compatible with restriction enzyme digestion. Upon treatment of the purified mouse DNA with restriction enzymes, the isolated DNA sequences will be joined with plasmids cut by the same restriction enzymes through their compatible and matching sticky ends, producing...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Has Government by States Given Way to Inter and Non-State Governance

The application of theories related to the state and its governance can be proved very helpful towards the creation of an effective and well-structured state. However, the phenomenon of a ‘subjective’ interpretation of the above theories is common especially when there are specific targets that need to be achieved by the interested parties (usual participants in a state’s political or social life). For this reason, it is necessary that specific rules and guidelines are followed when studying and interpreting the views of theorists regarding the position, the role and the power of the state.

Within the state, there are many ‘political’ and ‘social’ forces that try to impose their...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

The Way Sports Governing Bodies Have Historically Developed

However, because the intervention of the state in sports (as in all social activities) needs to be appropriately regulated, it is a common practice for governments around the world to follow specific strategies when having to interact with sports organizations. The above assumption has been also supported by Johnson who found that when the government plans to intervene in the area of sports, there are three common types of policies that it tends to apply: “integrative, symbolic and instrumental” (1982, 22). Moreover, the evaluation of the whole governmental effort led to the conclusion that “the significance of domestic sports policy is found in the modification and reinforcement of citizen values and beliefs; ho...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The Reason as a Way of Knowing

...Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing. “Two extravagances: to exclude reason, to admit only reason Blaise Pascal 1632-62 Reason is a way of knowing that is common to any human being living on this planet. It is, in fact, a logical way of thinking that is natural and hereditary from the very beginning of humankind. Reason is one of the strongest ways of knowing, taking into account some other ways of knowing depend on it for guidance. It would be fair to say that the evolution of the human way of thinking is an outcome of reasoning. Present day reasoning could be said to be far more processed and factual than reasoning centuries ago. Thinking logically is not taught which makes it (such as the way the world...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Contributions of Ancient Greeks to Science as a Way of Knowing

It is not kept from history that the Grecian civilization back then in the earlier centuries of human development paved the way towards a human understanding of the numerous things that existed on earth. They were among the earliest philosophers, to this particular race came the first most known inventors and scientists who opened the minds of the human society towards the new age of understanding life and the things beyond it. 
Astronomy has been the main reason why the development of the Copernican theory about the existence and the characteristics of the Universe has been pursued to be explained further through scientific pieces of evidence. As a response to the Copernican Models of the Universe’s arrangement an...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Meeting the Economical Targets: Utopian Way

...Meeting The Economical Targets: Utopian Way        The Utopia, as the word suggests, is a concept or feeling of optimism and actually an unrealistic outlook, which depicts perfection in everything. This is concept adeptly explicated by Sir Thomas More in his book: The Utopia. Here he describes an imaginary society or community where the socio-economic and political scenario works in a seemingly perfect state. This fictional territory lies somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean. This approach is largely based on the Platonic concept depicted in his work: Republic. It is a vision encompassing all the beauties that can dominate the society by removing the miseries and every evil associated. Eventually it will bring out an optimum well being...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

How Does Manipulation of Language in the Media Affect the Way People in this Country Behave

...How does manipulation of language in the media (print, online, television, etc affect the way people in this country behave? The mass media play a very significant role in the lives of people where they inform, entertain and educate the masses through dissemination of information which may be difficult to access at individual level. In this case, print media include publications such as newspapers, magazines for instance, while electronic media constitute television, radio and online broadcasts as well as publications on the other hand. However, information dissemination often involves manipulation of language where the media seek to persuade, impress or even distort the truth in some instances to fulfill various objectives. It can...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Humanistic Buddhism: A Way of Nirvana for Modern Man

However, how many people in today’s modern world are ready to renounce their life of comfort and materialistic pleasure to know the ultimate truth of life? Hardly anyone will be ready to renounce the pleasures of life. Hence, as Buddhism was believed to be a religion of suffering and severe self-discipline, very few people from the modern world were ready to practice it. However, Humanistic Buddhism, by modifying the teachings and simplifying the practices of the religion, gave a fresh and renewed beginning to Buddhism. Humanistic Buddhism, by modifying its practices to suit the social demands of modern life, has not just saved Buddhism from dying out but has also helped people to find happiness and satisfaction in life by s...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Final Strategic Plan of JDs Way of Life

...Final Strategic Plan The management of JD’s Way of Life has designed a comprehensive strategic plan for its corporate venture in which it has described in details the blueprint and roadmap of the scheme it intends to observe for successful launching of its business activities. Since it has established very high aims of hitching it wagon to the stars, its ascribed vision is to surpass all existing firms and companies in respect of providing various consumer items, particularly healthcare, jewelry and computer accessories, at economical rates without making compromise on the quality of the products. The company will provide the customers with excellent environment, so that they can complete purchasing free from disturbance or interruption...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Ideal Way of Achieving the American Dream

According to the American dream, everyone is equal despite his or her gender while pursuing the dream. Majority of Americans interpret it as the attainment of wealth; the dream embodies the attainment of materialistic goals. However, others view the dream as more than the achievement of material wealth. Furthermore, the American dream depicts America as the country full of opportunities (Bloom & Blake 5).
Over the years, Americans have perceived the American dream differently. The dream has changed significantly since the days of the founding fathers. First, it promised Americans equal opportunities then it became the achievement of material wealth (Kochan 3). F. Scott Fitzgerald illustrates the American Dream aptly in hi...
11 Pages(2750 words)Literature review

The Way Shared Knowledge Shapes Personal Knowledge

Shared knowledge is a highly systematic and structured knowledge produced by more than one individual7. Much of the shared knowledge is classifiable into diverse areas of knowledge like mathematics, natural sciences, history, philosophy, and others8. Even though shared knowledge relies on the contributions of individuals, it does not rely on the contributions of a particular person9. There are chances for other people to amend, check, and add individual contributions to the existing body of knowledge10. For example, the knowledge necessary for building a computer is a piece of shared knowledge. It is improbable that there is a person who possesses the knowledge for building a computer from scratch rather than assembling a computer...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Gene and Meme: A unidirectional way for FREE!

Contact Us