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Armand Gilinsky, Cristina Santini, Luciana Lazzeretti, Robert Eyler (Volume: 20 Issue: 4; 2008): Desperately Seeking Serendipity: Exploring the Impact of Country Location on Innovation in the Wine Industry.
Charters, S, and Lockshin L Unwin (2000): Consumer Responses to Wine Bottle Back Labels: Journal of Wine Research: Volume 10 Number 3: Pgs 183-96: Routledge Publishers: Print ISSN: 0957-1264: Online ISSN: 1469-9672
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John Bruwer and Graham Wood (2005): Motivational and Behavioral Perspectives: Journal of Wine Research: Volume 16: ISSN 0957-1264, Online ISSN: 1469-9672: Rout ledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group.
Nelson Barber, Barbara A Almanza and Janis Donovan (2006): Motivational Factors of gender, income and age on selecting a bottle of wine: International Journal of wine marketing: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 18 (3), pp.218-232.
Olson, J. C and Jacoby, J (2002): Cue utilization in the Quality Perception Process: In Venkatesan Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Conference of the Association for Consumer Research, Chicago, pp. 167-179.
Orth, U. R. & Krska, P. (2002) Quality Signals in Wine Marketing: The Role of Exhibition Awards, International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 4, pp.385-397. P.T.H Unwin (2000): Wine and the Vine: A Historical Geography of Viticulture and the Wine Trade: Routlegde Publishers: (Pgs 352-409) Keith Grainger and Hazel Tattersall (2005): Wine Production: Vine Bottle: Wiley-Blackbell (Pgs 56-125) Jenster, P. and Cheng, Y. (2008) Dragon Wine: Developments in the Chinese Wine Industry, International Journal of Wine Business Research, 20 (3), pp.244-259. Stephen Charters (2006): Wine and Society; The Social and Cultural Context of a Drink: Butterworth-Heinemann (Pgs 135-140) Sun, H., Yu, Y, Goodman, S., Chen, S., and Ma, H. (2009): Chinese choices: a survey of wine consumers in Beijing, International Jo
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...?Motivational Theories and Factors Management professionals and supervisors always keep serious attention on practicing various motivation techniquesamong the workers to facilitate healthy competition in work fields. Motivation in the work place plays a vital role in promoting success and the motivation level of the employees has changed .Absence of effective motivation causes dissatisfaction and it decreases productivity. Therefore, implementation of sufficient motivation techniques helps individuals to enhance performance and commitments. Experts in the field of management describe various strategies and techniques for motivating their employee .It are noteworthy to mention that a good listener can show the performance of a good...
...Importance of the MotivationalFactors Affecting Employees Satisfaction
Motivation is one of the most important factors that spur and inspire human beings to achieve their goals and objectives, it the guiding principle that drives one to remain focused and on their endeavors notwithstanding the obstacles and challenges that may stand in the way. That is just one of the many definitions, it has further being defined as the process that governs and directs the choices and individual makes and accounts for their intensity determination and persistence in their tasks. Concisely, one can say that motivation is the determining factor for how much effort one puts in to their work. Understandably, many employers take motivation very seriously...
..., when a customer decides to buy a New Zealand wine, Coopers Creek is in competition with every other New Zealand wineries. It is known that these wineries collaborate on the premise that it is efficient and beneficial for all (Benson-Rea, 2004).
The domestic wine market of New Zealand is increasingly competitive with nearly 400 producers and worsened by cheaper imports from Australia. In order to compete locally, Coopers Creek domestic marketing strategy is primarily concentrated on three fronts, on-premise, and liquor stores and on supermarkets. In addition to this, the company hired three full time sales representatives. One focuses only on restaurant sales and the other two on retail, apart from this; they also have...
The Factors that Affect Online Buying Decisions
The use of Internet in everyday activities has become an indispensable element of everyone’s life. Furthermore, its major aspects are connected with the research and the leisure, although an important part of the online activity belongs to the retail sector. However, although the growth of online activity is a fact commonly accepted its expansion among the particular countries is not equal. In this context, it is noticed that despite the phenomenal growth of the Internet over the last few years, ‘the enormous business potentials of the Internet remain largely untapped; on the surface, it is generally expected that with the Internet, national and geographical boundaries...
...A. Cognac: Production process: The production process of cognac involves the following steps: Harvesting: Grapes harvesting usually takes place in September, mature grapes are harvested manually or mechanically.
Pressing of grapes is undertaken using horizontal plates, seeds contain a substance which can damage the cognac and therefore are removed.
The extracted juice is fermented naturally without adding any other substance, the fermentation process takes two to three weeks,
The next step involves distillation of the fermented juice. The distillation process involves boiling the wine to achieve an alcohol level of 28 to 30 %, the resulting product in this first distillation is known as brouillis...
... of motivation………………13
2.3 Car and General and Motivation………………….13
2.4 Ratings in the restaurant industry………………....15
2.5 Developing Motivational Policies ……………..…16
2.6 Two FactorMotivational Theory………………….17
2.7 Michelin rated restaurants and two factor theory…19
2.8 Other Theories of Motivation………………………20
Chapter 3: Methodology……………………………………………………21
3.2 Theory of research…………………………… .21
3.3 Methodology…………………… ……………..21
3.6 Case study approaches………………………….23
3.7 Library Research………………………………..24
3.8 Sampling ………………………………………..24
3.9 Sampling Techniques…………………………….24
3.10 Reliability ……………………………………..25
... Stella McCartney Stella McCartney’s competitors in the fashion and luxury industry include big companies like LVMH, ValentinoFashion Group, Christian Dior, and Compagnie Financiere Richemont which have heavy international footage. Others include, Giorgion Armani, Burbery, Chanel, Polo Ralph Lauren, Hermes and Salvatore Ferragamo.
Stella McCartney has established a very positive brand image as a company focusing on business ethics, modernity and care for the environment. For instance when other brands are using animal products as a wealth symbol, Stella McCartney excludes the consumption of animals. The company emphasizes the need for sustainable business practices such as the use of organic materials and saving energy. A lot... Stella...
The agreement contains a credit default contracts that include credit default swaps, default index contracts, credit default options, and credit default basket options. One can use these as part of the mechanism that is collateralized by debt obligations. The goal should be to establish a price for a given risk and controlling credit based on risk. The credit can be allowed by minimization of risk. Credit controllers should develop versatile tools that transfer risk away from a lender’s balance sheet. d) With reference to the proposed debt counseling business, illustrate and explain exactly how you would organize the debt counseling operation, taking particular care to explain how and when you would receive payment for...
The virulence factors are all the factors that are related in the process of morphogenesis, adhesion, penetration, and colonization of Candida in tissues and blood vessels. Since the hyphal form is often associated with infection, the understanding of hypha-specific cell surface components may help in the identification of the proteins responsible for morphogenesis and virulence. Fungal infection can be treated by the prevention of hyphal development in C. Albicans by antifungal drugs. Understanding Candida biology, genetics, and molecular mechanisms may lead to novel effective antifungal therapy for drug-resistant organisms.
With the help of this strategy, it can survive and grow on the skin, mucosal surfaces and...
Also, the paper will look at this initiative of bp from a critical point of view, thus making recommendations to improve the firm's competitive position. British Petroleum, a British oil, and energy company got the strength and also a brand change when it ‘merged’ or ‘acquired’ with the American company, Amoco. According to the official version, British Petroleum merged with the Amoco Corporation (Amoco), forming bp Amoco in August 1998. “In 1998, Amoco and bp announced that they had merged, combining their worldwide operations into a single organization. Overnight, the new company, bp Amoco, became the largest producer of both oil and natural gas in the US.”(bp.com). Then as an exercise to...
The body’s metabolism includes all the physiological processes in the body. Enzymes serve as catalysts to biochemical reactions that form a part of metabolism. The two distinct chemical phases of metabolism are anabolism and catabolism. Anabolism consists of building up carbohydrates, proteins, fats and nucleic acids from simple molecules, through the use of energy. Anabolism is responsible for processes such as growth, repair, and reproduction. On the other hand, catabolism is the process by which large complex molecules are broken down into smaller, simple molecules, with the release of energy. Metabolic processes are carried out by the cell organelles, each organelle has a distinct and crucial function. Every animal cell...
It is estimated that 3.4 million more young people cast their ballots in this election than in the election of 2004, and the surge in youth turnout accounts for at least 60 percent of the total increase in voter participation in 2008. Voters under the age of 30 increased their share of the overall electorate to 18 percent, up to one percentage point from the previous 1996 to 2004 elections, according to the National Exit Polls (NEP) conducted by Edison and Mitofsky. (Pawlenty, 2008, p. 2) The impact of the youth vote proved crucial in claiming the battleground states of Florida, Ohio, and Virginia. Thanks to the youth vote, these electoral college vote-rich states were successfully converted to blue (Democratic) states (Bell, 2008...
Various studies have demonstrated the effect of perinatal and early childhood factors on mental health including suicidal behavior. Glover & OConnor (2002) demonstrated the adverse effects of antenatal maternal stress on the psychological development of the offspring. Brown et al (2000) reported that maternal malnutrition during pregnancy results in a higher incidence of affective disorders in adulthood. Thompson et al (2001) demonstrated similar results with low birth weight. In 2004, Mittendorfer- Rutz et al reported that low birth weight and younger maternal age was associated with suicide in the offsprings when they became young adults. In 2006, Riordian et al studied the relationship between perinatal circumstances and su...
Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
There are some types of fortified wines which carry a rich legacy and ethos of the Australian culture and society. This rich history and distinct flavour can be utilised to penetrate growing markets like China and build a strong brand presence there when the market is relatively immature. Moreover, tweaking of marketing, distribution and pricing strategies would offer greater sales potential for the fortified wine industry itself in Australia.
Among the variety of wines that are available, the Australian wine industry offers an attractive bevvy of the following variants of red wine, white wine, vintage wine, sparkling wine, dessert wine and fortified wines.
The impacts of these policies upon the employees of the banks will be studied with the help of the responses of the employees of both of the banks. The proposed research study will present the case studies of these two banks by employing a qualitative research approach. The data and information for the study will be collected through secondary and primary resources i.e. through literature review and in-depth interviews of the employees of both the banks. The study will help in the identification of the major strengths and weaknesses present in the motivational policies of these banks and will allow proposing the formulation of improved policies.
Motivation basically refers to satisfying one’s needs through differe...
... combine both online and offline channels in purchasing behaviour, with the consumer having ultimate control of the purchasing decision (Forsythe & Shi, 2003). Furthermore, Black et al undertook research into customer motivation in the use of a particular retail distribution channels and the results demonstrate four central factors shaping consumer behaviour in the multi-channel marketplace:
1) Characteristics of the consumer;
2) Factors specific to the nature of the product;
3) The mode of retail distribution channel; and
4) Factors pertaining to organisation (Black et al, 2002)
Gupta et al (2003) undertook research into consumer habits and found that regardless of the distribution channel adopted by a consumer, ultimately customer...
...Factors Affecting Consumption And Buying Decision
4. Literature Review
Cosmetics play a major role in our day to day lives depending upon the extent of one’s needs for it. In the past, the use of cosmetics was mostly associated with feminism and the feminine gender. But this is not so in our contemporary times, because over the years, the modern male has been greatly attracted towards the use of cosmetics and this has paved the way for a widespread cosmetic industry. The meaning of cosmetics today has taken on a whole new dimension in the production and usage of cosmetics, as people understand that it not only makes them physically attractive but adds a lot to the way they project themselves in society.
Relationship marketing is intended to create a trust between the consumer and the brand which will, in turn, help the marketer to develop a better understanding of the consumer’s wants and needs. The marketer can then create a more substantial response to the consumer’s need, thus creating a mutually beneficial relationship (Raju 2009, p. 27). Much of the relationship marketing that is done is not based on rational concepts such as quality and value, but on emotional concepts. In Western countries, as an example, convenience foods that are served quickly have become a part of the cultural landscape, their part within the Western diet an integral addition in food consumption and consequentially, as an example of cons...
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