Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Columbian Exchange - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The global social structures, economic systems and cultural customs all began a motion of drastic change as soon as Columbus landed in the new world. A new source of gold, silver, food and other supplies was unleashed by the Columbus discovery, which shifted the global industrial and financial power to where it is now today.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.3% of users find it useful
Columbian Exchange
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Columbian Exchange"

THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE The global social structures, economic systems and cultural customs all began a motion of drastic change as soon as Columbus landed in the new world. A new source of gold, silver, food and other supplies was unleashed by the Columbus discovery, which shifted the global industrial and financial power to where it is now today.
Both the old and new worlds were affected, and every cargo carried something new. Traditional spices and condiments were not produced by the Native Americans. Instead, new products such as tomatoes, potatoes and corns were found. Initially, the Europeans thought that they were either a poison or an aphrodisiac. But later, tomatoes became a part of the Italian identity and food culture, and the nutritious value of potatoes and corns was fully appreciated, thus, broadening the scope of the European cuisine. On the opposite side, the new world was also introduced to new foods. Sugarcane was perhaps the most prominent and damaging introduction. However, the relatively meatless culture was transformed once pork, beef, milk and cheese were introduced. The new comers were trying to create a familiar environment and so they brought with them different crops and animals such as rice, wheat, sheep, goats and chickens. Thus adding new species to the new world and dramatically changing its socioeconomic and cultural identity.
The new comers also introduced their own military hardware, such as swords, armor and guns, in the new world. Those superior military equipments and weapons were used to control the Native American population. The horse, for example, was alien to the new world. In fact, it was even bigger than any of the locally available domesticated animals. It was used by the invaders to terrify the natives in battle. However, the local Americans quickly adopted the animal, and learned to use its power effectively against the very same people who introduced it. By the end of the 16th century, the horse became one of the symbols of the Native American culture.
Humans, animals and Agricultural products were the obvious agents of change. However, they were not the only players on the filed. Along with all new arrivals, different pathogens and diseases traveled across the Atlantic to the new world. Malaria, smallpox, influenza and measles all attacked the natives who were lacking the necessary biological defenses. As a result of this unexpected micro-biological invasion, thousands lost their lives.
Disease was not the only invisible entity that accompanied the European invasion. The new comers also brought their own culture and lifestyle along. That had a notable effect on the local customs and social structure. The years following the European contact witnessed an increase in the rates of tuberculosis among all generations in the new world. That was related to the prevailing social conditions. Suffering from war, social disorder, and the spread of smoking and alcoholism contributed to the spread of chronic diseases among the natives, and that effectively reduced their reproduction ability. Although the Colombian exchange was beneficial to Europe, It had a destructive effect on the new world civilizations and their social and economic systems.
Barbara Stauffer, "Seeds of Change", The New World -Spring/Summer 1991, No. 2, pp. 6-7 , Nov 10 2007, <> Herman J. Viola, "The Great Exchange", Archaeology-January/February 1992, pp. 57-58, Nov 10 2007, <> John Schwartz, "The Great Food Migration", Newsweek-Special Issue, Fall/Winter 1991, pp. 58-62, 10 Nov 2007 <> Lynn H. Nelson, "The Impact Of Discovery On Europe", Department of History, University of Kansas, 26 February 1998, 10 Nov 2007, Marc S. Micozzi, "Health and Disease in the New World", Encounters -Double Issue No. 5-6, pp. 42-43, 10 Nov 2007 <>Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Columbian Exchange Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Columbian Exchange Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Columbian Exchange Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Interview of a Columbian Woman

...?Interview with a Colombian Woman The condition of women in Colombia is similar to that of any other Western societies: problematic. However, the position of Colombian women is made more complicated by particular forces specific to the country, like the entrenched commodification of female beauty (Woods, 2008). This essay will provide an overview of the culture of and status of women in Colombia through the lens of a Colombian woman. Food Food in Colombia is quite varied and differs depending on the different Colombian territories. In several territories specialties such as guinea pigs or roasted ants can be found. The Colombian diet is normally composed of meat (Guerrieri, 1999). In the coastal regions there is an abundance... with a...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Singapore Exchange and the Australian Securities Exchange

...?Evaluate the impact of the proposed merger between the Singapore Exchange (SGX) and the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) on the Australian economy and Australia’s standing in the Asia-Pacific region. The increase of pressures on financial markets worldwide in the context of the current recession has led firms to seek for strategic initiatives in order to secure their position in the global marketplace. An indicative example of such efforts is the proposal – in October 2010 – of the Singapore Exchange (SGX) to take over the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX). The merger will be completed within 2011 – after the appropriate approval by the Australian regulatory authorities (Kelly 2010). The above proposal of SGX– based on an offer...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Columbian Foreign Policy

...? 12 August Columbian Foreign Policy For most of the history, international relations have been a secondary focus of the Columbians. Columbia has primarily placed emphasis on choosing her political leaders and resolving the domestic issues. It was only after the World War II that Columbia expanded her foreign policy and became active generally among small powers and several Latin American states in particular (“Foreign Relations”). Colombia has been among the biggest exporters of cocaine over the past decades. Colombian drug cartels successfully organize the manufacture and export of cocaine. Much of the spread of this business can be attributed to the consumers’ interest in cocaine. Colombia would not produce cocaine if other countries...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Columbian Exchange had significant global consequences for Europe, The Americas, as well as for Africa

... and particularly food bridged eastern and western hemispheres had global impact touching nearly all people of the world in some way (“The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade” 571; Boivin, Dorian and Alison 452). The most significant items that moved from Americas to the other parts of the world were potatoes and corn, which were economical to grow and nourishing. Potatoes supplied fundamental vitamins and overtime the crops became a crucial and steady part of diets across the planet. Nevertheless, traffic across the Atlantic never travelled in one direction since the Europeans introduced several livestock animals in Americas that included horses, sheep, pigs, cattle and sheep. Foods from Africa as well as the crops that came from Asia were...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Columbian Cartels

...In what way do Columbian Cartels pose a greater danger to the United s than traditional organized crime groups Introduction: Cartels are organised crime groups that mostly deal with drug trafficking and production, the Columbia cartels pose more danger than the traditional organised groups in that the present cartels have much more economic power than the traditional organised crime groups, the economic power they posses aid in bribing political leaders, judges and law enforcers. One of the reasons why the Columbia cartels pose much danger than the traditional cartels is because these cartels have merged corporation, they also have developed an industry which is based on a sound management principle in that they have specialisation...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Columbian exchange

...globe has been one of geographical variation dictated by the clear fact of the separateness of continents. Rather than identical, organisms have had the tendency of becoming more dissimilar, even in the Amazon, Congo basins among others where climates have been similar. This is owing to the fact that they had little or no contact with one another. People have gone to and lived, or at least spent time the world over. They always carry with them their weeds as well as disease organisms unintentionally, and their crops and domesticated animals knowingly. Because of this, humans have overturned, in the very most recent tick of time, the ancient trend of geographical bio-diversification. The Columbian Exchange was appreciably an extensive...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Foreign Exchange Rates and Exchange Rate Risk

...Introduction International firms which trade globally has to deal in foreign currencies as international trade mostly takes place either in US $ or Euros. International transactions therefore are not incurred in the local currency of the organization and hence firm has to rely on foreign currency. It is however, important to note that the rates at which a foreign currency will be exchanged with local currency is mostly determined by the external forces, organizations therefore may have to incur losses too due to fluctuations in the foreign exchange rates. Foreign exchange rates in international market are determined by the demand and supply of any particular currency against the home currency. The rates therefore are either determined...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Columbian Exchange

It is noted that the fish were very expensive and so this factor did not give everyone the path to get the species. Apart from being expensive, the Spanish, who by then were the most interested people to get the fish, did not like the fact that the fish came from Jews and Muslims. It seems then that there was a sense of rejection between the two communities with the Spanish.
Since the Spanish wanted to be connected with the species, the only option was to look somewhere else where the same kinds of species could be found (Wilford, pg78). The immediate alternative was the indie, and so they planned their way to that destination, and Columbus being the torchbearer. First, before gearing up to the land where they could get the lo...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Columbian Exposition

... COLLEGE: COLOMBIAN EXPOSITION The World’s Columbian Exposition takes credit for the transformation of the of Chicago in 1893 and influencing the city’s development for several years to follow. The Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World’s Fair, took place in Jackson Park, at the current location of the Museum of Science and Industry and the Midway Plaisance. It drew close to 27 million visitors, 14 million coming from outside the United States, at a time when the population of Chicago was slightly over one million. However, there is an assumption that close to 25% of the United States population made a visit to the Fair, and the remaining bulk of the country only had the experience through newspaper accounts, detailed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Importance of Exchange Rates Regimes for Trade

...TO FIX OR NOT TO FIX: THE IMPORTANCE OF EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES FOR TRADE AND INVESTMENT FLOWS AND THE MAIN REASONS FOR REGULAR CRISES IN THE REGIMES Submitted to: By Table of Contents Contents i Abstract 1 To fix or not to fix: 2 The importance of exchange rate regimes for trade and investment flows and the main reasons for regular crises in the regimes References Abstract Exchange rates are essential indicators in the conduct of international trade and capital flows. However, the way the exchange rate in a country is managed through the exchange rate regime enforced by the government is an essential determinant of how monetary policies will be designed and implemented, ultimately, on how...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

International Risk Management and Exchange Traded Option Markets

...Running Head: INTERNATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT Exchange Traded Option Markets Exchange Traded Option Markets Introduction Call and put options on the shares of individual companies can be bought over-the-counter (OTC) from dealers, or traded on major exchanges such as Eurex, LIFFE and the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE). Exchange-traded contracts that are actively traded can be bought and sold in reasonable quantity without greatly affecting the market price. The performance of contracts is guaranteed by the clearing house associated with the exchange which eliminates any possibility of default. In recent years some exchanges have introduced so-called FLEX option contracts which allow investors to tailor certain terms of a contract...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Currency Exchange as a Key Instrument of International Commerce

The globalization movement created a greater need to determine the equivalent valuation of monetary units also referred to as the exchange rate in order to execute a trade of goods among nations. Currency exchange is the trade value of one unit of currency into another currency which is required to facilitate the trade of goods and services among nations. For example, as of January 9, 2008, the currency exchange market value of one Euro was 1.47 US dollars (Yahoo, 2008). The exchange is a market mechanism that is very instrumental in the monetary policy of the nation. Both the developing nations and a developed nation must instill a sound monetary unit strategy to create a stable currency that is both liquid and valuable in the ma...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Different Models of Exchange Rate Determination and Their Empirical Support

Specifically, some of the discussed models of exchange rate determination are the balance of payment approach model, the monetarist or asset approach model, and the martingale-random walk model. Moreover, the paper will also integrate the experiential observations and examples during the paper, in order to understand the practicality of these models.

Under the balance of payment approach, the domestic cost of foreign currency is established like the cost of any other article of trade. In other words, the market demand and supply curvatures are intersected in the exchange market for that particular foreign currency. The modeling of the abovementioned approach related to the demand and supply for foreign exchange is quite...
13 Pages(3250 words)Term Paper

Legal and Ethical Issues Regarding the Clean Needle Exchange Program

... Legal and Ethical Issues Regarding the Clean Needle Exchange Program Discuss the ethical parameters of a clean needle exchange program and explore it from one or more of the following approaches: utilitarianism, deontologicalism, virtue ethics or feminine ethics. Introduction In the simplest of terms, the Clean Needle Exchange Program is a social policy which allows individuals to hand over used hypodermic syringes that may have contaminated needles and obtain clean syringes that have unused needles. Of course the hypodermic syringe is a medical instrument and the device itself is mostly used in hospitals and clinics. The primary users of the syringe and the clean needle in a non-hospital setting becomes drug users who need to use...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Comparison of Exchange Rates of Australia and United Kingdom

...Comparison of Exchange Rates of Australia and United Kingdom (AUD/USD and GBP/USD) HI 5008 Group Assignment Instructions Group Members 2. 3. 4. Total Word Count: Course: Statistics and Research Methods for Business Decision Making Date Executive Summary The exchange rate is a price that keeps one country balance with the rest of the world country. Many factors such as changes in terms of trade with other countries, relative productivity changes and the interest rate differential with other countries determine the exchange rate of currency. This paper will compare exchange rate of two countries, Australia and United Kingdom (UK) using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The statistical analysis suggests...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

International Finance Organizations of Foreign Exchange Management

...Introduction International organizations have truly embarked on a journey which foretells the globalization of the world. The increasing complexitiesof doing business in such an environment however require organizations to operate more prudently and employ its resources in a way which can ensure maximum returns at the acceptable level of risk. All firms involved in trading at the international level need to take into account different strategies to take on their foreign exchange exposures in order to ensure that the exposure is correctly managed and in the most efficient manner. As such the management of foreign exchange exposure is one of the most critical aspects of operating into an international environment. The management of foreign...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Exchange Rate Policy in the Gulf States

...Introduction It has been argued that with the beginning of 21st century, there are many important changes taking places within the sphere of monetarypolicy and foreign exchange regime management. Countries are increasingly finding it difficult to manage their foreign exchange rates and as such are employing new and different exchange rate regimes than the ones being used for years. Countries in the Middle Eastern Region specially those belonging to the Gulf States have since long been pursuing the policy of pegging their exchange rates with the US dollar. This has mostly been done because most of the countries are oil rich and earn their revenue in dollars which is the currency of international settlements. However, recently, due to shocks...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Developing a Strategy to Enhance Workplace Learning in Workplace at Travelex Foreign Exchange

As earlier stated, I have chosen to answer Option No. 1 which is about drafting and crafting a strategic plan which can be implemented in my workplace as a learning workplace on the basis of its analysis and identification made in the earlier assignments. As also required, the initial paragraph, following this, makes a brief review of what has been done in Assignments 1 and 2. Since as a Training Coordinator, my job entails the induction, training and assessment of the progress of the new hires, I have focused my answer to these three areas and divided the paper into Induction and Training, and; Assessment/Evaluation.

The first assignment was about the physical and social environments of the workplace and in that assign...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The Inflation Rate and Exchange Rate of the Chinese Yuan and the US Dollar

... number: International Financial Management Introduction International financial management is concerned with the international monetary issues like comparison of exchange and inflation rates of two or more different countries. The annual change in percentage of the consumer prices against that of the previous year is inflation whilst exchange rate is the equivalence of the value of one currency with the other. The most significant concept applied here is the purchasing power parity (PPP) between two international economies. This aids in establishing the amount of money required to obtain similar commodities from different countries hence using that to determine foreign exchange rates. Foreign investors rely on foreign and exchange rates...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Columbian Exchange for FREE!

Contact Us