Nobody downloaded yet

Microbiology of conjunctiva - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Results: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus displayed their presence in 0 to 5 years old children. Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most common in the oldest group (> age 70) and also displayed a rapid increase in resistance of Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin (MRSA)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Microbiology of conjunctiva
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Microbiology of conjunctiva"

Download file to see previous pages Bacterial conjunctivitis is the most frequent ocular infection in the developed world accounting for up to 2% of annual consultations in primary care. 1,2,3 Although clinical course of bacterial conjunctivitis is often benign and self-limited 4, antibiotics has been shown to reduce the symptomatic period. 5,6 Antibiotic treatment may also limit spread of the causative bacterial strain that is frequently contagious and thus they may prevent epidemics.7 Choice of antibiotics is often empirical although the decision should be based on knowledge of common causative bacteria and their resistance profile. Emerging antimicrobial resistance and developing pattern of bacterial findings makes the choice of empiric treatment increasingly challenging. Diagnostic difficulties may lead to needless use of antibiotics 8,9 which may further stimulate resistance of bacteria even in extraocular sites. 10
Selection of antibiotics in treatment of bacterial infections in general must be adjusted according to prevailing bacterial properties. Worldwide emergence of multi-resistant bacteria, such as Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is obvious. Activity of fluoroquinolones against some common ocular pathogens, for example, is also in jeopardy. 11 Bacterial findings in infants and older children have been well established and effectiveness of all local antibiotics has been demonstrated. 4, 12,4,13 Role of Streptococcus pneumoniae, for example, has also been documented in outbreak settings. 14 Distribution of bacterial isolates and differences in their resistance profile in conjunctivitis in different age categories of population, however, is not equally well characterized. The present study aims in defining distribution of pathogenic bacteria and their in vitro sensitivity in conjunctivitis amongst age groups.
Patient population and conjunctival samples
We analyzed data of consecutive 1139 conjunctival bacterial isolates ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Microbiology of conjunctiva Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Microbiology of conjunctiva Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words. Retrieved from
(Microbiology of Conjunctiva Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
Microbiology of Conjunctiva Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words.
“Microbiology of Conjunctiva Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Microbiology of conjunctiva


...?Microbiology Essay In 1835 Bassi showed that a fungus caused silkworm disease, and in 1865 Pasteur discovered that a protozoan caused another silkworm disease. Why do we use Koch’s postulates instead of “Bassi’s” or “Pasteur’s” postulates? Bassi and Pasteur both worked on silkworm diseases. Bassi in the year 1835, established that a microscopic organism, a fungus, caused disease in the silk worm. Around 30 years later, in the year 1865, Pasteur established that another microbe, a protozoan, cause infection in silkworms. These findings established an association between the “questioning” microbes and disease. Indicating that disease is caused due to the attack by tiny micro-organisms. This formed the basis for further...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...?Microbiology Compare and contrast photophosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation. Both photophosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation result in production of ATP. Photophosphorylation is a process by which ATP is produced using energy of the sunlight. In oxidative phosphorylation, ATP is produced by energy released by the oxidation of nutrients (Boyer, 1977). In photophosphorylation, light energy is used to create a high-energy electron donor and a lower-energy electron acceptor. In oxidative phosphorylation, electrons are transferred from electron donors to electron acceptors such as oxygen, in various redox reactions which are carried out by a series of protein complexes within mitochondria among eukaryotes and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...?Microbiology Microbiology is the science that studies microorganism. They can be pathogenic or non-pathogenic; they can be beneficial for human environment or be hazardous for human health. This research comprises similarities and differences between Variola viruses or Poxvirus and Staphylococcus epidermis. Moreover, benefits of non-pathogenic microorganisms in human environment are discussed further on. Variola virus and Staphylococcus epidermis: comparing and contrasting Variola virus infects human beings. It can be transmitted to other humans via face-to-face contact or contact with other objects, or through the air. Nevertheless, not all the ways of the virus transmission have been fully defined and studied by the scientists... Microbiolo...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...? Microbiology Practical Describe the full theory behind the catalase test. Why must plain agar be used? Catalase is an enzyme that converts hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. Aerobic and facultative organisms have developed various protective mechanisms against the toxic forms of oxygen (especially superoxide radicals as they can potentially inactivate vital cell components). Enzyme known as superoxide dismutase, eliminates superoxide radicals by enhancing the rate of reaction. During the process toxic substance hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl radical (OH-) are produced, which in turn is dissipated by catalase and peroxide enzymes respectively. Catalase test is used to identify organisms that are capable of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework


... of Lactic acid producing Bacteria and preparation of Camel Milk Cheese by using Starter Culture, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol.24, No.2. Benson, HJ., 2001. Microbiological Application: Laboratory Manual in General Microbiology, McGraw –Hill. Dart, RK., 1996. Microbiology for the Analytical Chemist, Royal Society of Chemistry. Gunasekaran, P., 2007. Laboratory Manual in Microbiology, New Age International. Hoque, MZ, Akter, F, Hossain, KM, Rahman, MSM, Billah, MM and Islam, KMD., 2010. Isolation, Identification and Analysis of Probiotic Properties of Lactobacillus Spp. From Selective Regional Yoghurts, World Journal of Dairy and Food sciences, Vol.5, No.1, pp: 39-46. Lessard, MH, Belanger, G, St- Gelais, D and Labrie, S., 2012... . The...
6 Pages(1500 words)Lab Report


...and Enterobacteriaceae. The chief function of MacConkey agar is to isolate Enterobacteriaceae bacterial strains from food, waste water, feces and urine. It also serves as a differential medium for discerning enteric-gram negative bacteria. (CONDA, 2008) Enterobacteriaceae are visible forms of lactose-fermenting colonies of Gram negative bacteria (Microbiology and Immunology Online University of South Carolina School of Medicine, 2007) Strains of nonmucoid colonies became visible, confirmed by the API 20 E test. While the MRS Agar is used for isolating strains of Lactobacillus, the Slanetz & Bartley Agar is used to detect the count of Enterococcus. MRS Agar is used for detecting strains of Lactobacillus. (Neogen, 2008)...
30 Pages(7500 words)Lab Report


...Teacher 24 September 2007 Conjunctival Capillary Types and Contact Lenses The conjunctiva is the membrane over the eyeball that lines the sclera (white part of the eye) and the inside of the eyelids. The membrane produces mucus, as well as tears, to deal with the myriad of objects and germs that penetrate the eye on a daily basis; this is a delicate tissue and yet it is fit to withstand particles of dust and dirt as well as certain bacteria without succumbing to infection or permanent damage. The conjunctiva is defined by three separate areas: the palpebral conjunctiva, which lines the eyelids; the fornix conjunctiva, located where the inner eyelid and the eyeball...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Conjunctiva Histology and Anatomy

...What is the conjunctiva The conjunctiva is the thin transparent membrane that covers the white area of the eye, folds back to continue to the inner portion of the eyelid (Blue Histology: the eye) It is composed of 3 sections: 1. Palpebral conjunctiva 2. Bulbar conjunctiva (coats the anterior portion of the eyeball) 3. Fornix (the transition portion forming the junction between the posterior eyelid and the eyeball) The palpebral conjunctiva is moderately thick covering the posterior surface of the eyelids and is red in color. The bulbar conjunctiva is thin sensitive very mobile portion which slides back and forth over the eyeball...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...1. a. Substances capable of inducing specific immune responses are referred to as antigens. The properties of a good antigen are – 1. Induction of an immune response(immunogenecity) 2. Specific reaction with antibodies or sensitized cells( immunological reactivity) b. 2. a b. Immunoglobulin are of 5 classes namely IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD & IgE. IgG: - This is the major serum immunologlobulin constitutes about 80% of total serum immunoglobulin. It has a molecular weight of 1,50,000. There are four IGg sub classes in humans, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4 IgA: - This is the 2nd most abundant class, constituting about 10-15% of serum immunoglobulin. It is a major... a. Substances...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Microbiology Introduction: The food ingredients that are used in the domestic kitchen are found to contain potential pathogenic micro organisms. They are found to cause large outbreaks of food borne diseases. The foods are prepared either by the untrained people or trained people without following the food safety methods. Of the foods, poultry was identified as the major source for pathogenic micro organisms mainly concentrated on the raw chicken that are mainly concentrated with Escherichia Coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella and Staphylococcus. The raw chicken wash waters are found to contain a large number of coliform and the hygiene of the washing up clothes is also generally poor. An evaluation of the total viable count...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Microbiology of conjunctiva for FREE!

Contact Us